Order of the Crown of India

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Order of the Crown of India
Imperial Order of the Crown of India.jpg
The insignia of the Imperial Order of the Crown
of India
Awarded by the British monarch
Type Order of Chivalry
Eligibility British princesses, wives or female relatives of Indian princes
Awarded for A national order of chivalry
Status Not awarded since 1947
Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
Post-nominals CI
Galó de l'Orde de l'Estrella de l'Índia.gif
Ribbon of the order

The Imperial Order of the Crown of India is an order in the British honours system. The Order was established by Queen Victoria in 1878,[1] when she became Empress of India.[2] The Order is open only to women; no new appointments have been made after the Partition of India in 1947. The Order was limited to British princesses, wives or female relatives of Indian princes and wives or female relatives of any person who held the office of:

Description[edit]

The members of the Order could use the post-nominal letters "CI", but did not acquire any special precedence or status due to it. Furthermore, they were entitled to wear the badge of the Order, which included Queen Victoria's Imperial Cypher, VRI (Victoria Regina Imperatrix). The letters were set in diamonds, pearls and turquoises and were together surrounded by a border of pearls surmounted by a figure the Imperial Crown. The badge was worn attached to a light blue bow, edged in white, on the left shoulder. Queen Elizabeth II (as Princess Elizabeth) and her sister Princess Margaret were appointed to the Order by their father King George VI in June 1947. Queen Elizabeth II is the last surviving former member (now Sovereign) of the Order. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester was the last ordinary member at the time of her death in 2004.

Elizabeth in red uniform on a black horse
Elizabeth II, in her uniform as Colonel-in-Chief of the Scots Guards, wears the badge of the order as a medal (first on left). (Trooping the Colour, 1986)

Recipients[edit]

Rani Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore wearing the badge and ribbon of the order

1878–1900[edit]

  1. 1878: The Princess of Wales
  2. 1878: The German Crown Princess
  3. 1878: The Grand Duchess of Hesse
  4. 1878: Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
  5. 1878: Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne
  6. 1878: Princess Beatrice
  7. 1878: The Duchess of Edinburgh
  8. 1878: The Duchess of Cambridge
  9. 1878: The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  10. 1878: The Duchess of Teck
  11. 1878: Maharani Bamba Singh
  12. 1878: Sultan Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal
  13. 1878: Maharani Sita Vilas Dawaji Ammani Anaro of Mysore
  14. 1878: Maharanee Jumnabai Sahib Gaekwad of Baroda (widow of Maharaja Khanderao)
  15. 1878: Dilawar un-Nisa Begum Sahiba, of Hyderabad
  16. 1878: Nawab Qudsia, Begum of Bhopal
  17. 1878: Vijaya Mohana Muktamba Bai Ammani Raja Sahib of Tanjore
  18. 1878: Maharani Swarnamoyee of Cossimbazar
  19. 1878: The Duchess of Argyll
  20. 1878: The Marchioness of Salisbury
  21. 1878: The Marchioness of Ripon, wife of the Viceroy
  22. 1878: Lady Mary Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville
  23. 1878: The Countess of Elgin
  24. 1878: The Countess of Mayo
  25. 1878: Lady Susan Bourke
  26. 1878: Viscountess Halifax
  27. 1878: Lady Hobart (Mary Hobart, wife of Vere Henry Hobart, Lord Hobart, Governor of Madras)
  28. 1878: Lady Jane Baring
  29. 1878: Anne Napier, Baroness Napier (wife of Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1866–1872)
  30. 1878: Edith Bulwer-Lytton, Countess of Lytton
  31. 1878: Harriette Lawrence, Baroness Lawrence
  32. 1878: Cecilia Northcote, Countess of Iddesleigh
  33. 1878: Catherine Frere, Lady Frere (wife of Sir Henry Frere, 1st Baronet, Governor of Bombay)
  34. 1878: Mary Temple, Lady Temple (wife of Sir Richard Temple, 1st Baronet, Governor of Bombay)
  35. 1878: Caroline Denison, Lady Denison (wife of Sir William Denison, Governor of Madras)
  36. 1878: Katherine Strachey, Lady Strachey (wife of Sir John Strachey, Acting Viceroy of India 1872)
  37. 1878: Jane Gathorne-Hardy, Countess of Cranbrook
  38. 1878: Princess Frederica of Hanover
  39. 1878: Princess Marie of Hanover
  40. 1879: The Duchess of Cumberland
  41. 1879: The Duchess of Connaught
  42. 1879: Lady Napier of Magdala (wife of Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala, Commander-in-Chief in India 1870–1876 and Acting Viceroy of India, 1862–1863)
  43. 1879: Lady Frances Cunynghame
  44. 1879: Dowager Lady Pottinger (widow of Sir Henry Pottinger, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1848–1854)
  45. 1881: Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi, Senior Rani of Attingal
  46. 1881: Lady Fergusson (Olive Fergusson, wife of Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1880–1885)
  47. 1881: Mrs William Patrick Adam (Emily Adam, widow of William Patrick Adam, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1880–1881)
  48. 1882: The Duchess of Albany
  49. 1883: Lady Grant Duff (Anna Julia Grant Duff, wife of Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1881–1886)
  50. 1884: Edith Fergusson (daughter of Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1880–1885)
  51. 1884: The Countess of Dufferin (wife of Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Earl of Dufferin, Viceroy of India, 1884–1888)
  52. 1885: Lady Randolph Churchill (wife of Lord Randolph Churchill, Secretary of State for India, 1885–1886)
  53. 1885: Lady Reay (Fanny Georgiana Jane Mackay, wife of Donald Mackay, 11th Lord Reay, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay 1885–1890)
  54. 1886: Viscountess Cross (Georgina Cross, wife of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, Secretary of State for India 1886–1892)
  55. 1887: Princess Louise of Wales
  56. 1887: Princess Victoria of Wales
  57. 1887: Princess Maud of Wales
  58. 1887: Maharanee Sunity Devee of Kuch Behar
  59. 1888: The Marchioness of Lansdowne (Maud Evelyn Petty-Fitzmaurice, wife of Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Viceroy of India 1888–1894)
  60. 1889: Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
  61. 1889: Princess Victoria Mary of Teck
  62. 1890: Lady Harris (Lucy Ada Harris, wife of George Harris, 4th Baron Harris, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1890–1895)
  63. 1891: Maharanee Sakhiabai Raje Sahib Scindia Bahadur, Regent of Gwalior (widow of Maharaja Sir Jayajirao Scindia Bahadur)
  64. 1891: Lady Wenlock (Constance Mary Lawley, wife of Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1891–1896)
  65. 1892: Maharanee Chimnabai Sahib Gaekwad of Baroda (wife of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III)
  66. 1892: Lady Nandkuverbai Bhagvatsinh Jadeja, Rani Sahib of Gondal
  67. 1893: Vani Vilasa Sannidhana, Maharani of Mysore (wife of Chamaraja Wodeyar IX Bahadur)
  68. 1893: The Crown Princess of Romania
  69. 1893: Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  70. 1893: Princess Aribert of Anhalt
  71. 1894: The Countess of Elgin (wife of Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin, Viceroy of India, 1894–1899)
  72. 1895: Mrs Henry Fowler (Ellen Fowler, wife of Henry Fowler, later Viscount Wolverhampton, Secretary of State for India, 1894–1895)
  73. 1895: The Lady Sandhurst (wife of William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, later Viscount Sandhurst, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1895–1900)
  74. 1895: Lady George Hamilton (wife of Lord George Hamilton, Secretary of State for India, 1895–1903)
  75. 1897: The Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  76. 1897: Maharani Sahiba of Udaipur (wife of Maharajadhiraja Fateh Singh)
  77. 1897: Nawab Shamsi Jahan, Begum Sahiba of Murshidabad
  78. 1897: Lady Havelock (Anne Havelock, wife of Sir Arthur Havelock, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1896-1900)
  79. 1899: Lady Curzon of Kedleston (wife of George Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon of Kedleston, later Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Viceroy of India, 1899–1904, 1904–1905)
  80. 1900: Princess Margaret of Connaught
  81. 1900: Lady Northcote (wife of Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1900–1903)
  82. 1900: Lady Roberts (wife of Frederick Roberts, Baron Roberts, Commander-in-Chief in India 1885–1893)[3]
  83. 1900: Lady Stewart (Marina Katherine Stewart, widow of General Sir Donald Stewart, 1st Baronet, Commander-in-Chief in India 1881–1885)[4]
  84. 1900: Lady White (Amelia Maria White, wife of General Sir George White, Commander-in-Chief in India 1893–1898)[4]
  85. 1900: Lady Mary Katharine Lockhart (née Eccles; widow of General Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart, Commander in Chief India, 1898–1900)
  86. 1900: Lady Ampthill (wife of Arthur Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1900–1905)

1901–1947[edit]

  1. 1909: The Countess of Minto (wife of Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Viceroy of India, 1905–1910)
  2. 1910: Lady Hardinge of Penshurst (wife of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, Viceroy of India, 1910–1916)
  3. 1911: Princess Patricia of Connaught (Coronation of George V)
  4. 1911: Princess Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Coronation of George V)
  5. 1911: The Marchioness of Crewe (wife of Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, Secretary of State for India, 1910–1911)
  6. 1911: Kaikhusrau Jahan, Begum of Bhopal
  7. 1911: Maharani Sri Nundkanvarba of Bhavnagar
  8. 1916: The Viscountess Chelmsford (wife of Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, Viceroy of India, 1916–1921)
  9. 1917: Lady Willingdon (wife of Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Baron Willingdon, later Marquess of Willingdon, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1913–1918; Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1919–1924; Viceroy of India, 1931–1936)
  10. 1918: Maji Sahiba Girraj Kuar, Maharani of Bharatpur, Regent of Bharatpur, 1900–1918
  11. 1919: Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
  12. 1921: The Countess of Reading (wife of Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading, later Marquess of Reading, Viceroy of India, 1921–1925)
  13. 1926: Lady Irwin (wife of Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Baron Irwin, later Earl of Halifax, Viceroy of India, 1926–1931)
  14. 1927: The Countess of Lytton (wife of Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, Viceroy of India, 1925–1926)
  15. 1928: Shrimati Chinkuraja Scindia, Senior Maharani of Gwalior
  16. 1929: Puradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, Regent Maharani of Travancore
  17. 1930: Lady Birdwood (wife of William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, Commander-in-Chief in India, 1925–1930)
  18. 1931: The Duchess of York
  19. 1932: Begum Mariam Sultana, Lady Ali Shah (widow of Aga Khan II)
  20. 1935: Maharani Bhatianiji Sri Ajab Kanwarji Sahib, of Bikaner, Rajputana.[5]
  21. 1935: Lady Beatrix Taylour Stanley, (wife of Sir George Frederick Stanley, Governor of Madras 1929-1934).[6]
  22. 1936: The Marchioness of Linlithgow (wife of Victor Hope, Marquess of Linlithgow, Viceroy of India, 1936–1943)[7]
  23. 1937: The Duchess of Gloucester
  24. 1937: The Duchess of Kent
  25. 1937: The Lady Brabourne (wife of Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1931–1937, and of Bengal, 1937–1939)[8]
  26. 1943: The Viscountess Wavell (wife of Archibald Wavell, Viscount Wavell, later Earl Wavell, Viceroy of India, 1943–1947)
  27. 1945: Mrs Leopold Stennett Amery (Florence Amery, wife of Leopold Stennett Amery, war-time Secretary of State for India, 1940–1945)[9]
  28. 1946: Maharani Tara Devi of Jammu and Kashmir[10]
  29. 1947: Viscountess Mountbatten of Burma (wife of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy and later Governor-General of India, 1947–1948)[11]
  30. 1947: Princess Elizabeth (now Queen Elizabeth II)[12]
  31. 1947: Princess Margaret[12]
  32. 1947: Agnes Anne, Baroness Clydesmuir (wife of John Colville, 1st Baron Clydesmuir, Governor of Bombay)[13]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No. 24539". The London Gazette. 4 January 1878. p. 113. 
  2. ^ Kay, Ella. "The Imperial Order of the Crown of India". The Court Jeweller. 
  3. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36075). London. 26 February 1900. p. 6. 
  4. ^ a b "Court Circular". The Times (36083). London. 7 March 1900. p. 6. 
  5. ^ "No. 15136". The Edinburgh Gazette. 4 January 1935. p. 15. 
  6. ^ "No. 15136". The Edinburgh Gazette. 4 January 1935. p. 15. 
  7. ^ "No. 34259". The London Gazette. 25 February 1936. p. 1232. 
  8. ^ {{London Gazette| issue=34451| date=5 November 1937| page=6889))
  9. ^ "No. 37325". The London Gazette. 26 October 1945. p. 5237.  "In recognition of her work for Indian service men and Indian seamen as Chairman of the Indian Comforts Fund."
  10. ^ "No. 37598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1946. p. 2763. 
  11. ^ "No. 37905". The London Gazette. 14 March 1947. p. 1216. 
  12. ^ a b "No. 37976". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1947. p. 2569. 
  13. ^ "No. 38041". The London Gazette. 8 August 1947. p. 3731.