Order of the Netherlands Lion

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This article is about the Order of the Netherlands Lion. For other uses, see Order of the Lion.
Order of the Netherlands Lion
Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw
Kruis van een Ridder in de Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw.jpg
The decoration of a Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
Awarded by Kingdom of the Netherlands
Type Chivalric order with three degrees
Motto VIRTUS NOBILITAT
Awarded for Those with merits of a very exceptional nature for society
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign His Majesty King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
Chancellor Lieutenant General J.H. de Kleyn
Grades Knight Grand Cross
Commander
Knight
Former grades Brother
Statistics
Established 29 September 1815
Precedence
Next (higher) Honorary Medal for Charitable Assistance in Gold
Next (lower) Order of Orange-Nassau
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Knight BAR.png
Ribbon bar of the Order of the Netherlands Lion

The Order of the Netherlands Lion, also referred to as the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands (Dutch: De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw, French: L'Ordre du Lion Belgique / Néerlandais) is a Dutch order of chivalry founded by King William I of the Netherlands on 29 September 1815.

The Order of the Netherlands Lion was until recently awarded upon eminent individuals from all walks of life, including generals, ministers of the crown, mayors of large towns, professors and leading scientists, industrialists, high-ranking civil servants, presiding judges and renowned artists. Since 1980 the Order has been primarily used to recognise merit in the arts, science, sport and literature; others have been awarded the Order of Orange-Nassau instead.

The Order ranks after the Military William Order, which is only awarded for military merit. The second and third class of the Order are not awarded to foreigners; they are eligible for the Order of Orange-Nassau or the Order of the Crown instead.

The King of the Netherlands is the Grand Master of the Order. The Order is issued in three classes. There was also a Medal for "Brothers" which had not been conferred since 1960. The Brothers became extinct and the grade was abolished in 1994.

Grades[edit]

The following classes and grades exist for the Order:

  1. Knight Grand Cross - Reserved for members of the Royal Family, foreign Heads of State and a select group of former prime ministers, princes and cardinals. Wears the badge on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left chest.
  2. Commander - Usually conferred upon Dutch Nobel Prize winners, a few distinguished artists, writers and politicians. Wears the badge on a necklet, plus an identical breast cross on the left chest.
  3. Knight - Wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.
  4. Brother - No longer issued; see section below. Wore the medal on a ribbon on the left chest.
Ribbon bars
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png
Knight Grand Cross
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Commander BAR.png
Commander
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Knight BAR.png
Knight
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Brother BAR.png
Brother

Insignia[edit]

The insignia of the Order (from top to down): breast star and badge on sash for the Grand Cross rank, badge suspended on necklet together with breast badge for the Commander rank, and badge on a ribbon for the Knight rank.

The badge of the Order is a gilt, white-enamelled Maltese Cross, with the monogram "W" (for King William I) between the arms of the cross. The obverse central disc is in blue enamel, bearing the motto Virtus Nobilitat (Virtue Ennobles). The reverse central disc is plain golden, with the lion from the Netherlands coat-of-arms. The badge hangs from a royal crown. As with all honours awarded by the Netherlands, the insignia comprises a decoration, a miniature and optionally a breast star. The decoration and breast stars are only worn at formal occasions or while in state office. While wearing a smoking, it is allowed to wear the miniature. Decorations are not worn on any other type of clothing.[1]

Knight Grand Cross[edit]

The decoration hangs from a ribbon. This is tied as a sash, which is worn from the right shoulder to the left hip.

The star, consisting of the decoration without crown, is attached to an eight-pointed slightly rounded golden star consisting of forty-eight rays. The rays of the star are alternately scaled and all tied at the ends. The star is worn directly above the waist on the left-hand side of the clothing. The star and the medal described above are always worn together.

The miniature is a ribbon tied as a rosette, behind which a bar of gold braid is attached. This is all attached to a bow. The miniature is worn in the place of the decorations described above.

Commander[edit]

The decoration hangs from a ribbon. This ribbon is smaller in diameter than the ribbon of a Grand Cross.

The star consists of a slightly larger decoration, which is worn directly above the middle on the left-hand side of the clothing. The star and the decoration described above are always worn together.

The miniature only differs from that of the Grand Cross by the bar of silver braid instead of gold braid.

Knight[edit]

The decoration hangs from the ribbon that is worn at chest height on the left-hand side of the clothing. The ribbon for women is tied in the shape of a bow.

The miniature is tied in the shape of a bow.

The Brothers[edit]

The Medal for a brother of the order.

Associated with the Order of the Netherlands Lion was the grade known as the Brother, originally intended as an award to those of a lower social class, who performed useful acts, self-sacrifice or other acts of kindness towards fellow human beings. The award came with an annual payment of 200 guilders, of which half would be paid to the widow(er) at the death of the award holder. The first female Brother, midwife Johanna Goozen, was admitted in 1921.

During the reign of Queen Juliana, Brothers became an award for lifeboat crews, until the last award was made in 1960. The grade of Brother was abolished in 1994; by then there was no living Brother nor surviving widow(er).

The badge of honour for Brothers was a silver medal, with the lion from the Netherlands coat-of-arms on the obverse, and the motto Virtus Nobilitat (Virtue Ennobles) on the reverse.

The ribbon for Brothers was blue with a single yellow central stripe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]