Order of the Holy Cross
The order was founded in 1884 by the Rev. James Huntington, an Episcopal priest, in New York City. The order moved to Maryland briefly before settling in West Park, New York, in 1902. Today the Order operates four houses: Holy Cross Monastery, West Park, New York; Mt. Calvary Retreat House and Monastery, Santa Barbara, California; Holy Cross Priory, Toronto, Ontario; and Mariya uMama weThemba Monastery,[a] Grahamstown, South Africa. Mount Calvary House burned to the ground in a wildfire on the morning of November 14, 2008.
The monks of the order engage in various ministries, the chief being that of prayer (including the Divine Office and daily Mass), as well as hosting guests for individual and group retreats. The order estimates that more than 5,000 guests stay at Holy Cross Monastery, one of the largest monastic retreat centers in the Episcopal Church, each year. Holy Cross Monastery also makes and sells incense and religious literature. Mariya uMama weThemba Monastery operates a retreat house and is actively involved in the education of rural farm children through its scholarship programme. Holy Cross Priory in Toronto is an urban expression of the Benedictine life where, besides the offices and Eucharist, monks are actively involved in the work of the local church. Some members of the order engage in occupations such as being therapists or parish priests. Mt. Calvary is primarily a retreat house. All monasteries of the order offer spiritual direction and counsel.
Monks of the order follow a threefold vow of obedience, stability, and conversion to the monastic way of life. In general, monks of the order are encouraged to develop their own ministries within their monastic vocation. They undergo periods of discernment and formation when entering the Order. The daily life of the monastery revolves around a balance of prayer, work, study, and rest.
Lay people and diocesan clergy (male and female) may join the Associates of Holy Cross. According to the associates' website, members "intend to love and serve God through a relationship with the Order of the Holy Cross (Anglican), adapting to their lives the Benedictine principles on which the monks base their common life." Associates live under a rule of life developed with the help of a spiritual director and have an ongoing relationship with the order. Associates are entitled to use the post-nominal initials AHC. Notable associates include the Bishop of Central Pennsylvania, the Rt. Rev. Nathan D. Baxter, and the Bishop of Maryland, the Rt. Rev. Robert Ihloff.
Holy Cross Publishing
The order is known for its publishing of the Anglo-Catholic devotional guide Saint Augustine's Prayer Book in 1949. The order also co-published, with the sisters of the Order of St. Helena, A Monastic Breviary, which succeeded A Four Office Breviary.
In 1957 the order published Within the Green Wall: The Story of Holy Cross Liberia Mission 1922-1957 by the Rt. Rev. Robert Campbell, O.H.C. The book provides a detailed account of the Order of the Holy Cross's missionary efforts in Liberia.
- Mariya uMama weThemba Monastery is located at
- Campbell, Robert Erskine (1957). Within the Green Wall: The Story of Holy Cross Liberia Mission 1922-1957. New York: Holy Cross Press. Retrieved 2014-09-14 – via Project Canterbury.
- Scudder, Vida Dutton (1940). Father Huntington, Founder of the Order of the Holy Cross. E.P. Dutton, Incorporated.
- The Order of Saint Helena. Saint Helena Breviary. Church Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-0-89869-790-2.
- RULES OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE HOLY CROSS. 1871.
- Order of the Holy Cross (1968). A Four Office Breviary. Holy Cross Publications.
- Episcopal Church (1976). A Monastic Breviary. Holy Cross Publications.
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