Order of the Norwegian Lion
|Order of the Norwegian Lion
Den norske løve
Star of the Order of the Norwegian Lion
|Type||Single grade Order of knighthood|
|Status||repealed by Court resolution 11 March 1952|
|Last induction||10 September 1904|
|Next (lower)||Order of St. Olav|
|Related||Order of the Seraphim|
Badge of the order
The Order of the Norwegian Lion was a Norwegian order of knighthood established by King Oscar II of Norway on 21 January 1904, "in memory of the glorious events associated with Norway’s venerable Coat of Arms".
The order was established as an equivalent in rank to the Swedish Order of the Seraphim as knights of the Norwegian Order of St. Olav ranked below the knights of the Seraphim in the shared Swedish-Norwegian royal court. However the expansion of the Norwegian honours system received mixed reactions amongst Norwegian politicians.
The Union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905 before any Norwegian knights had been appointed and King Haakon VII of Norway chose not to appoint any new knights. King Haakon VII formally repealed the order in a Court resolution on 11 March 1952. The last living knight was Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden who died in 1973.
Complete list of knights
- King Oscar II (21 January 1904)
- Crown Prince Gustaf of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Prince Eugen of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Prince Vilhelm of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Prince Erik of Sweden and Norway (21 January 1904)
- Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany (27 January 1904)
- Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and Hungary (5 April 1904)
- King Christian IX of Denmark (10 September 1904)
- President Émile Loubet of France (1 December 1904)
King Haakon VII formally became Grand Master on 18 November 1905, but never wore any of the order's insignias.
- Norwegian Royal House web page on the order Retrieved 15. September 2007