Order of the Rose
|Imperial Order of the Rose|
Imperial Order of the Rose, Grand Dignitary
|Awarded by the Head of the|
Brazilian Imperial Family
|Established||17 October 1829 |
1829 - 1890 (National Order)
1890 - present (House Order)
|Royal house||House of Orleans-Braganza|
|Motto||AMOR E FIDELIDADE|
(Love and Fidelity)
|Grand Master||Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza|
|Next (higher)||Imperial Order of Pedro I|
|Next (lower)||none (lowest Order)|
Ribbon bar of the order
The Imperial Order of the Rose (Portuguese: Imperial Ordem da Rosa) was a Brazilian order of chivalry, instituted by Emperor Pedro I of Brazil on 17 October 1829 to commemorate his marriage to Amélie of Leuchtenberg.
On 22 March 1890, the order was cancelled as national order by the interim government of United States of Brazil. Since the deposition in 1889 of the last Brazilian monarch, Emperor Pedro II, the order continues as a house order being awarded by the Heads of the House of Orleans-Braganza, pretenders to the defunct throne of Brazil. The current Brazilian Imperial Family is split into two branches Petrópolis and Vassouras, and as a consequence the Grand Mastership of the Order is disputed between those two branches.
It was designed by Jean-Baptiste Debret, who, as discussed by historians, would have been inspired by the motifs of roses that adorned Amélie's dress when landing in Rio de Janeiro, or when marrying, or in a portrait of the same envoy from Europe to the then Emperor of Brazil.
The order rewarded military and civilians, national and foreign, who distinguished themselves by their fidelity to the person of the Emperor and by services rendered to the State, and carried a number of degrees superior to the other Brazilian and Portuguese orders then existing.
From 1829 to 1831 Emperor Pedro I granted only 189 insignia. His son and successor, Emperor Pedro II, during the second reign, got to grace 14,284 citizens. In addition to the two emperors, only the Duke of Caxias was order-great during his term.
One of the first winners received the commendation for services rendered during an accident with the Brazilian imperial family: the small history of the court tells us that on 7 December 1829, newly married, Pedro I returned with the family of the Imperial Palace of São Cristóvão, in Quinta da Boa Vista. Like his favorite, he personally drove the carriage when, on Lavradio Street, the tow line was broken, and the horses became frightened, breaking the reins and driving the vehicle, dragged dangerously. The Emperor fractured the seventh rib of the posterior third and the sixth of the anterior third, had bruises on the forehead and dislocation in the fourth right, losing his senses. He had barely recovered them when he was picked up at the nearest house by the Marquis de Cantagalo, Joao Maria da Gama Freitas Berquó. According to the Bulletin on the Disaster of Her Imperial Majesty published in the Jornal do Commercio, Empress Amélie was the one who demanded the least care: "she did not have any sensible damage except the shock and the fright that such disaster should cause her." The Emperor's eldest daughter, the future Queen Maria II of Portugal, "received great bruising on the right cheek, comprising part of the head on the same side." Auguste de Beauharnais, Prince of Eichstätt, Duke of Leuchtenberg and of Santa Cruz, brother of the empress, "had a luxation in the ulna of the right side with fracture of the same one". Baroness Slorefeder, assistant of the Empress, "gave a very dangerous fall on the head." Several servants of livery, when dominating the animals, were bruised. The doctors of the Imperial Chamber and others, the doctors Azeredo, Bontempo, the Baron of Inhomirim, Vicente Navarro de Andrade, João Fernandes Tavares, Manuel Bernardes, Manuel da Silveira Rodrigues de Sá, Baron of Saúde converged for the house of Cantagalo. Almost restored, Pedro I decorated Cantagalo on 1 January 1830 with the insignia of the dignitary of the Order, and Empress Amélie offered him her portrait, surrounded by bright jewels, and painted by Simplício Rodrigues de Sá.
The members of the Honor Guard who accompanied the then Prince Regent on his trip to the Province of São Paulo 8 years before, witnesses of the "Grito do Ipiranga", landmark of the Independence of Brazil, were also awarded the Imperial Order of the Rose.
- Obverse: White star with six pointed tips, joined by garland of roses. To the center, a round medallion with the letters "P" and "A" interlaced, embossed, surrounded by blue-ferret border with the caption "LOVE AND FIDELITY".
- Reverse: equal to the obverse, with change in inscription for the date of 2-8-1829, and, in the legend, for "PEDRO AND AMÉLIA".
Tape and band
- Light pink with two white edges.
The degrees in descending order are:
- Grand Cross (styled "Excellency" and limited to 16 recipients);
- Grand Dignitary (styled "Senhor" and limited to 16 recipients);
- Dignitary (styled "Senhor" and limited to 32 recipients);
- Commander (styled "Senhor" and unlimited number of recipients);
- Official (styled an honorary Colonel and unlimited number of recipients);
- Knight (styled an honorary Captain and unlimited number of recipients);
Some notable recipients include:
- Olav V (King of Norway)
- Princess Christine of Ligne (Princess of Ligne, of Orléans-Braganza and of Brazil)
- Henri Antoine, Hereditary Prince of Ligne (Hereditary Prince of Ligne)
- Alfred Nobel
- James Norton
- Jonathas Abbot
- Jean Maurice Faivre (founder of Colony Thereza Cristina and personal doctor of the Empress Teresa Cristina)
- Gustave Rumbelsperger (French naturalist and co-founder of Colony Thereza Cristina)
- Firmin François Alibert
- Jean Pierre Gay
- Jules Le Chevrel
- Agostinho José da Motta
- Antônio Luís von Hoonholtz (1st and only Baron of Tefé)
- Carlos Pereira Nunes (1st Baron and Viscount of São Carlos, politician and illustrious farmer)
- Carlos Chidloe (Homeopath physician, one of the great diffusers of this medical science in Brazil)
- Francisco Marconde Homem de Mello (2nd Baron and later Viscount of Pindamonhagaba)
- Francisco Ignácio Marcondes Homem de Mello (Baron Homem de Mello and Minister of the Empire)
- Luís Martins Collaço
- Machado de Assis (most notable Brazilian writer)
- Manoel Marcondes de Oliveira Mello (Commander of the Emperor's Battalion during the Independence)
- Original appointment to the Order of the Rose signed by Emperor Dom Pedro II, 1887 - Arquivo Público do Estado de São Paulo
- Poliano, Luís Marques. Heráldica. Ed. GRD. Rio de Janeiro, 1986.
- Poliano, Luís Marques. Ordens honoríficas do Brasil.
- Brazil - The Imperial Order of the Rose