Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity
|Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity|
Insignia of a Grand Officer of the Star of Italian Solidarity
|Awarded by Italy|
|Type||Order of knighthood|
|Eligibility||Expatriates and foreign nationals|
|Awarded for||Originally, the reconstruction of Italy after 1945|
|Established||27 January 1947|
|Next (higher)||Order of Merit for Labour|
|Next (lower)||Order of Vittorio Veneto|
The Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (Italian: Stella della solidarietà italiana) was founded as a national order by the first President of the Italian Republic, Enrico De Nicola, in 1947, to recognise civilian and military expatriates or foreigners who made an outstanding contribution to the reconstruction of Italy after World War II.
In 2011, the order was reformed as the Order of the Star of Italy by the 11th President, Giorgio Napolitano. The emphasis of the reformed award was shifted from post-war reconstruction to the preservation and promotion of national prestige abroad, promoting friendly relations and co-operation with other countries and ties with Italy.
Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (1947–2011)
The insignia, modified in 2001, bore the inscription Solidarietà Italiana encircling a depiction of the Good Samaritan. The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Republic, head of the order, on the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The three degrees with corresponding ribbons were as follows:
The Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity was worn as follows:
- Instituted by Decree Law of the Provisional Head of State No. 703 of 27 January 1947, amended by Decree Law No. 812 of 9 March 1948
- LEGGE 3 febbraio 2011, n. 13 Modifiche ed integrazioni al decreto legislativo 9 marzo 1948, n. 812, recante nuove norme relative all'Ordine della Stella della solidarieta' italiana (Gazzetta Ufficiale 1 marzo 2011, n. 49)
- By Decree of the President of the Republic No. 385 of 21 September 2001
- Presidenza della Repubblica - Le Onorificenze (in Italian)