Order of the White Rose of Finland
|Order of the White Rose of Finland|
Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta
Finlands Vita Ros’ orden
|Awarded for||Civil or military merit|
|Established||28 January 1919|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Cross of Liberty|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Lion of Finland|
The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.
The Order of the White Rose of Finland was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919. The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland. The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919, and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar were replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit. The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine. The motto of the Order appears on the medallion and is Isänmaan hyväksi, which means in Finnish: "For [the well-being or benefit or advantage of] the Fatherland".
The President of Finland wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. The Grand Cross and Commander marks are awarded with a breast star.
The classes of the Order of the White Rose of Finland are:
- Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
- Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
- Commander of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
- Knight (Chevalier) of the White Rose of Finland
- Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland with golden cross
- First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
- Medal of the White Rose of Finland
Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to King Fuad I of Egypt (1935), Charles de Gaulle (1962), Josip Broz Tito (1963) and King Birendra of Nepal (1988). Prime Ministers of Finland customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or didn't wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki did not lead to the President awarding the cross.)
- 1951 Bernard Aabel, 1951, In 1948 Aabel became the Assistant Military Attaché in Helsinki, Finland
- 1969 Anne, Princess Royal
- 1942 Ion Antonescu
- 1955 Thomas Beecham, 1955
- 2008 Simon Beresford-Wylie, Chief Executive Officer, Nokia Siemens Networks, Awarded 2008
- 1976 Leonid Brezhnev, 1976
- 1926 Ernesto Burzagli, 1926.
- Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden
- Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
- Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952
- Edward Rydz-Śmigły
- Dáithí O'Ceallaigh
- 2007 James Cathey
- 1984 Arthur J. Collingsworth, 1984
- 1958 John Fawcett
- 1962 Charles de Gaulle
- 1941 Eduard Dietl
- 1941 Dean Driscoll, 1941, Chevalier (Knight) of the White Rose of Finland, for services "toward relieving the civilian population of wartorn Finland".
- 2011 Bob Foster
- Professor, Director – GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011 "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States" and their advancement "further in corporate development."
- 2008 Jim Gilleran
- 2008 Managing Director – Finnforest USA on 2008 September 12.
- 1961 Maggie Gripenberg
- 1942 Hirohito, Emperor of Japan
- 2016 Pauline Kiltinen - Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose for the promotion of Finnish culture including the commissioning Rockland the Opera.
- 1967 Zoltán Kodály, 1967 - First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland (donated by President Kekkonen, 17 February, Finnish Embassy Budapest)
- 1967 Greta Kukkonen
- 2009 Mart Laar, 2009
- 1960 Jarl Lindfors, 1960
- 1971 Arthur Lydiard, 1972
- 1971 Olli Mannermaa, 1979
- 1944 Norman Cameron Moore, 1941
- 2009 Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan 
- 2006 Erkki Oja, 2006
- 2010 Rajendra Kumar Pachauri
- 1963 Koča Popović
- 2008 Tim Purcell
- Knight 1st Class awarded 3 October 2008, presented in NSW Parliament House 6 Dec 2008 by the Finnish Ambassador Glenn Lindholm for fostering bilateral relationships between Australia and Finland Government, Business and Academia in the area of Innovation.
- 1988 Ensio Seppänen, First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
- 1988 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, Late king of Nepal
- 1991 Margareta Steinby
- 2004 Elwin Svenson
- Former Executive Vice President and CTO of Nokia. Henry was a tenured Professor of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki. Henry holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Helsinki, Finland and an Honorary Doctorate from University of Tampere, Finland.
- 1963 Josip Broz Tito
- 1947 Earl Wagner Twitchell
- 1978 Dmitriy Ustinov, Marshal of the Soviet Union
- 1941 Josef Veltjens
- 1939 Walther von Brauchitsch
- 2003 Andrew Wilkinson, Knight, 1st Class, Order of the White Rose of Finland
- 2015 Tapani Jyrki Tarvainen, Chevalier (Knight) of the White Rose of Finland
- 1983 Walter Werronen
- 1934 Shaul Tchernichovsky
- 2017 Dr. Helena Yli-Renko
- 2021 David Yoken, Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland, for promoting music and dance throughout the Nordic region, and climate action through artistic exchange.
- Grand Cross with collar, jewels and swords was awarded only once, to Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim 4 June 1944.
- Grand Cross with jewels, to three Finns: Senator Otto Stenroth 1938, Foreign Minister Carl Enckell 1946 and Jean Sibelius 1950.
- Grand Cross with swords has been awarded to three Finnish Lieutenant Generals: Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Edvard Hanell and Aksel Airo. The decoration has also been awarded to a number of foreign high officers, such as the German Colonel General Eduard Dietl.
- "Brian Aabel".
- Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 978-1843834021.
- Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma
- For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958
- "Letter transmitting Order of White Rose", www.ancestry.com, accessed 22 Sep 2015 
- Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4.
- Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20.
- Ambegaokar, Saga Mirjam Vuori (2004). "Gripenberg, Maggie". In Cohen, Selma Jeanne (ed.). International Encyclopedia of Dance (1st paperback ed.). New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-17369-7. – via Oxford University Press's Reference Online (subscription required)
- "Kiltinens are well deserving of many honors received". The Mining Journal. 15 January 2016.
- For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39
- Hasani, Ilire; Hoffmann, Robert. "Oja Erkki". Academy of Europe. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- "Eva Margareta STEINBY". Archived from the original on 2014-11-15.
- Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10.
- "6.12.2015 annetut kunniamerkit".
- Juha E. Tetri (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. p. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5.
- Finnish Orders of Merit: 100 Years (PDF). Helsinki: National Archives of Finland, The Orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland, The Order of the Cross of Liberty. 2018. ISBN 978-952-7323-00-7.
- A Guide to the Orders and Decorations of Finland. Helsinki: The Orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland. 2017. ISBN 978-951-37-7191-1.
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