Order of the White Rose of Finland

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Order of the White Rose of Finland
Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta
Finlands Vita Ros’ orden
TypeState Orders
Awarded forCivil or military merit
Presented by Finland
StatusCurrently awarded
Established28 January 1919
Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.JPG
Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Liberty
Next (lower)Order of the Lion of Finland

The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

The Order of the White Rose of Finland was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919. The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland. The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919, and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar were replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit. The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine. The motto of the Order appears on the medallion and is Isänmaan hyväksi, which means in Finnish: "For [the well-being or benefit or advantage of] the Fatherland".

The President of Finland wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. The Grand Cross and Commander marks are awarded with a breast star.

Classes[edit]

Diploma of White Rose Order

The classes of the Order of the White Rose of Finland are:

  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander 1st Class BAR.png First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander BAR.png Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Knight 1st Class BAR.png First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
  • Order of the White Rose Ribbon.PNG Knight (Chevalier) of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 1st Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland with golden cross
  • FIN Medal 2nd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 3rd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png Medal of the White Rose of Finland

Recipients[edit]

Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to King Fuad I of Egypt (1935), Charles de Gaulle (1962), Josip Broz Tito (1963) and King Birendra of Nepal (1988). Prime Ministers of Finland customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or didn't wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki did not lead to the President awarding the cross.)

List[edit]

Professor, Director – GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011[6] "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States"[7] and their advancement "further in corporate development."[6]
Knight 1st Class awarded 3 October 2008, presented in NSW Parliament House 6 Dec 2008 by the Finnish Ambassador Glenn Lindholm for fostering bilateral relationships between Australia and Finland Government, Business and Academia in the area of Innovation.
Executive Director – International Programs, FEMBA/GAP programs, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 11, 2004[14] "for assisting the expansion of Finnish start-up companies through the UCLA Anderson's Global Access Program."[14]
  • 2011Finland Dr. Henry Tirri, First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
Former Executive Vice President and CTO of Nokia. Henry was a tenured Professor of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki. Henry holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Helsinki, Finland and an Honorary Doctorate from University of Tampere, Finland.
  • 1963Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito
  • 1947United Kingdom Earl Wagner Twitchell
  • 1978Soviet Union Dmitriy Ustinov, Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • 1941Germany Josef Veltjens
  • 1939Germany Walther von Brauchitsch
  • 2003Finland Andrew Wilkinson, Knight, 1st Class, Order of the White Rose of Finland
  • 2015Finland Tapani Jyrki Tarvainen,[15] Chevalier (Knight) of the White Rose of Finland
  • 1983Finland Walter Werronen
  • 1934Russia Shaul Tchernichovsky
  • 2017Finland Dr. Helena Yli-Renko
  • 2021Finland David Yoken, Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland, for promoting music and dance throughout the Nordic region, and climate action through artistic exchange.

Special honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brian Aabel".
  2. ^ Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 978-1843834021.
  3. ^ Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma
  4. ^ For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958
  5. ^ "Letter transmitting Order of White Rose", www.ancestry.com, accessed 22 Sep 2015 [1]
  6. ^ a b Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4.
  7. ^ Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20.
  8. ^ Ambegaokar, Saga Mirjam Vuori (2004). "Gripenberg, Maggie". In Cohen, Selma Jeanne (ed.). International Encyclopedia of Dance (1st paperback ed.). New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-17369-7.  – via Oxford University Press's Reference Online (subscription required)
  9. ^ "Kiltinens are well deserving of many honors received". The Mining Journal. 15 January 2016.
  10. ^ For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Hasani, Ilire; Hoffmann, Robert. "Oja Erkki". Academy of Europe. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Eva Margareta STEINBY". Archived from the original on 2014-11-15.
  14. ^ a b Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10.
  15. ^ "6.12.2015 annetut kunniamerkit".
  16. ^ a b Juha E. Tetri (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. p. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]