Order of the White Rose of Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Order of the White Rose of Finland
  • Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta
  • Finlands Vita Ros’ orden
Order of the White Rose of Finland commander 1st class insignias (Finland) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
Awarded by  Finland
TypeState order
EstablishedJanuary 28, 1919; 103 years ago (1919-01-28)
CountryFinland
SeatHouse of the Estates[1]
RibbonUltramarine
MottoIsänmaan hyväksi ('For the Good of the Fatherland')
EligibilityFinnish nationals and foreigners[2]
CriteriaDistinguished service to the fatherland[2]
StatusCurrently constituted
FounderCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Grand MasterSauli Niinistö[1]
ChancellorJussi Nuorteva [fi][1]
Vice-ChancellorKari Jordan [fi][1]
Classes
  • Grand Cross
  • First Class Commander
  • Commander
  • First Class Knight
  • Knight
Websiteritarikunnat.fi/language/en/homepage-en/ Edit this at Wikidata
Statistics
First inductionFebruary 12, 1919[3]
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Liberty
Next (lower)Order of the Lion of Finland
Order of the White Rose Ribbon.PNG
Ribbon of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

History[edit]

The Order of the White Rose of Finland was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919.[4][5] The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland.[6] The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919,[7] and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar were replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit.

Insignia[edit]

The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine, as it is found in the flag of Finland, although officially the statutes do not define the color of the ribbon beyond it being "dark blue".[8] The motto of the order appears on the medallion and is Isänmaan hyväksi (Finnish for 'For the Good of the Fatherland').[2][9]

The President of Finland wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. The Grand Cross and Commander marks are awarded with a breast star.

Classes[edit]

Diploma of the order

The classes of the order of the White Rose of Finland are:

  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander 1st Class BAR.png First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander BAR.png Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Knight 1st Class BAR.png First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
  • Order of the White Rose Ribbon.PNG Knight (Chevalier) of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 1st Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland with golden cross
  • FIN Medal 2nd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 3rd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR.png Medal of the White Rose of Finland

Recipients[edit]

Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to King Fuad I of Egypt (1935), Charles de Gaulle (1962), Josip Broz Tito (1963) and King Birendra of Nepal (1988). In the case of royals, consorts may be awarded with it. Heirs apparent of Nordic monarchies have also been awarded.[10] The Grand Master may however in principle award it at his pleasure.[11] During World War II Hermann Göring and Joachim von Ribbentrop were exceptionally given the Grand Cross with Collar because Adolf Hitler would not receive orders.[12]

Prime Ministers of Finland customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or did not wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki did not lead to the President awarding the cross.)[13] The Grand Cross is also given to presidents of the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court, the Archbishop of Turku and Finland, and the Chancellor of the order.[14]

List[edit]

Professor, Director – GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011[20] "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States"[21] and their advancement "further in corporate development."[20]
Knight 1st Class awarded 3 October 2008, presented in NSW Parliament House 6 Dec 2008 by the Finnish Ambassador Glenn Lindholm for fostering bilateral relationships between Australia and Finland Government, Business and Academia in the area of Innovation.
Executive Director – International Programs, FEMBA/GAP programs, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 11, 2004[28] "for assisting the expansion of Finnish start-up companies through the UCLA Anderson's Global Access Program."[28]
  • 2011Finland Dr. Henry Tirri, First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
Former Executive Vice President and CTO of Nokia. Henry was a tenured Professor of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki. Henry holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Helsinki, Finland and an Honorary Doctorate from University of Tampere, Finland.

Special honors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Ritarikuntien organisaatio". Ritarikunnat - Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ja Suomen Leijonan ritarikunnat (in Finnish). January 7, 2022. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunnan ohjesääntö". Ritarikunnat - Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ja Suomen Leijonan ritarikunnat (PDF) (in Finnish). Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  3. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 47–49, 497.
  4. ^ "Finnish Orders and Where to Find Them". Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood. December 6, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
  5. ^ "The Order of the White Rose of Finland". Presidentti.fi. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
  6. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 22, 25, 31.
  7. ^ Matikkala 2017, p. 52.
  8. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 44–45.
  9. ^ "History". Ritarikunnat - Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ja Suomen Leijonan ritarikunnat. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  10. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 107–108.
  11. ^ Tetri, Juha E. (March 13, 1994). "Kunniamerkeissä syytä pitäytyä tarkkuuteen". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). p. A 19.
  12. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 151–152, 156.
  13. ^ Hämäläinen, Unto (December 11, 2016). "Pätkäpääministerit jäävät ilman suurristiä – presidentin vahva asema näkyy palkitsemisessa". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  14. ^ Matikkala 2017, pp. 114–115.
  15. ^ "Brian Aabel".
  16. ^ Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 978-1843834021.
  17. ^ Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma
  18. ^ For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958
  19. ^ "Letter transmitting Order of White Rose", www.ancestry.com, accessed 22 Sep 2015 [1]
  20. ^ a b Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4.
  21. ^ Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20.
  22. ^ Ambegaokar, Saga Mirjam Vuori (2004). "Gripenberg, Maggie". In Cohen, Selma Jeanne (ed.). International Encyclopedia of Dance (1st paperback ed.). New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-17369-7.  – via Oxford University Press's Reference Online (subscription required)
  23. ^ "Kiltinens are well deserving of many honors received". The Mining Journal. January 15, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39
  25. ^ "Nursultan Nazarbayev was awarded the highest award - the Order of the "Finnish White Rose and the Finnish Lion"". e-history.kz (in Russian). Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  26. ^ Hasani, Ilire; Hoffmann, Robert. "Oja Erkki". Academy of Europe. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  27. ^ "Eva Margareta STEINBY". Archived from the original on November 15, 2014.
  28. ^ a b Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10.
  29. ^ "6.12.2015 annetut kunniamerkit". January 6, 2021.
  30. ^ a b Tetri, Juha E. (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5.

Works cited[edit]

  • Matikkala, Antti (2017). Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ja Suomen Leijonan ritarikunnat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Edita. ISBN 978-951-37-7005-1.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]