Orders, decorations, and medals of Indonesia

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Indonesian military decorations

Awards and decorations of the Republic of Indonesia are both military and civilian awards for service and personal contributions to the Republic of Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Constitution, Chapter III Article 15: "The President grants designations, awards, and other distinctions that regulated by state acts".

Awards and decorations of the Republic of Indonesia are divided into three categories, which are: Stars, Medals and Honorary Citations.[1] The first two categories are given to person and later is given to government institution/agency/unit. Names of the awards and decorations incorporated abundant sanskrit words, as usually employed by the government in many other awards and names of institutions.

Contents

Stars of the Republic of Indonesia[edit]

Stars for Civil Service[edit]

Bintang Republik Indonesia ("Star of the Republic of Indonesia")[edit]

The "Star of the Republic of Indonesia" (BRI) is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary service to the integrity, viability, and greatness of Indonesia. It is the highest decoration awarded by the Government of The Republic of Indonesia.[2]

The BRI is awarded in 5 classes:

1st Class Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna Ribbon Bar.gif Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna
2nd Class Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana Ribbon1.gif Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana
3rd Class Bintang Republik Indonesia Utama Ribbon1.gif Bintang Republik Indonesia Utama
4th Class Bintang Republik Indonesia Pratama Ribbon1.gif Bintang Republik Indonesia Pratama
5th Class Bintang Republik Indonesia Nararya Ribbon1.gif Bintang Republik Indonesia Nararya

Bintang Mahaputera ("Star of Mahaputera")[edit]

Bintang Mahaputera

The "Star of Mahaputera" (BMP) is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary service to the Motherland in certain areas outside the military. It is the second highest decoration awarded by the Government of The Republic of Indonesia.[3]

The BMP is awarded in 5 classes:

1st Class Bintang Mahaputera Adipurna Rib.png Bintang Mahaputera Adipurna
2nd Class Bintang Mahaputera Adipradana Rib.png Bintang Mahaputera Adipradana
3rd Class Bintang Mahaputera Utama Rib.png Bintang Mahaputera Utama
4th Class Bintang Mahaputera Pratama Rib.png Bintang Mahaputera Pratama
5th Class Bintang Mahaputera Nararya Rib.png Bintang Mahaputera Nararya

Bintang Jasa ("Bravery Star Decoration")[edit]

The "Bravery Star Decoration" (BJ) is awarded for civil bravery and courage in times of adversity.[4]

The BJ is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Bintang Jasa Utama.gif Bintang Jasa Utama
2nd Class Bintang Jasa Pratama.gif Bintang Jasa Pratama
3rd Class Bintang Jasa Nararya.gif Bintang Jasa Nararya

Bintang Kemanusiaan ("Humanities Star")[edit]

The "Humanities Star" (BK) is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary service in upholding humanities value and human rights.[5]

Bintang Kemanusiaan.gif Bintang Kemanusiaan

Bintang Penegak Demokrasi ("Star of the Defenders of Democracy")[edit]

The "Star of the Defenders of Democracy" (BPD) is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary for service in upholding democratic principles.[6]

The BPD is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Utama.gif Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Utama
2nd Class Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Pratama.gif Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Pratama
3rd Class Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Nararya.gif Bintang Penegak Demokrasi Nararya

Bintang Budaya Parama Dharma ("Cultural Merit Star")[edit]

The "Cultural Merit Star" (BBPD) is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary involvement in the promotion, education and preservation of Indonesian culture and arts.[7]

Bintang Budaya Parama Dharma (Indonesia).png Bintang Budaya Parama Dharma

Bintang Bhayangkara ("National Police Meritorious Service Star")[edit]

The "National Police Meritorious Service Star" (BB) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Police for meritorious service to the nation and in helping to uphold the rule of law. The BB can also be awarded to civilians for extraordinary service in the development and progress of the National Police, as well as in assistance in the performance of the duties and functions of the police as mandated by the Constiution and laws of the Republic.[8]

The BB is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Bintang Bhayangkara Utama.gif Bintang Bhayangkara Utama
2nd Class Bintang Bhayangkara Pratama.gif Bintang Bhayangkara Pratama
3rd Class Bintang Bhayangkara Nararya.gif Bintang Bhayangkara Nararya

Stars for Military Service[edit]

Stars for military service are typically issued to military personnel for sustained meritorious service while serving in the Indonesian National Armed Forces. However, stars may also be issued to civilians for their extraordinary service and contributions made to the advancement and progress of the entire Indonesian National Armed Forces as well as in helping to perform the duties of national defense and community development entrusted to the National Armed Forces by the Constitution.

Bintang Gerilya ("Guerrilla Star")[edit]

Bintang Gerilya

The "Guerrilla Star" (BG) is awarded to a military serviceman/servicewoman who has given extraordinary service to fight in order to maintain the sovereignty of Republic of Indonesia from foreign aggression.[9] Most BG recipients are military personnel involved in the Indonesian National Revolution.

Bintang gerilya rib.png Bintang Gerilya

Bintang Sakti ("The Sacred Star")[edit]

"The Sacred Star" (BS) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces who distinguished themselves by acts of valor and beyond the call of duty during military operations. The BS can also be awarded to any civilian for extraordinary service and acts of valor beyond the call of duty in the same circumstances.[10]

Bintang Sakti Rib.png Bintang Sakti

Bintang Dharma ("Military Distinguished Service Star")[edit]

The "Military Distinguished Service Star" (BD) is awarded to armed forces personnel and civilians for extraordinary service and actions beyond the call of duty during military operations and contingencies which helps promote and achieve the advancement of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.[11]

Bintang Dharma Ribbon.gif Bintang Dharma

Bintang Yudha Dharma ("Grand Meritorious Military Order Star")[edit]

The "Grand Meritorious Military Order Star"[12] (BYD) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces or civil servant of ministry of defence or any citizen or foreigner for extraordinary service and on beyond the call of duty for the supervision, development and conduct of any action or activity which can provide extraordinary benefits for the government, people and the Republic of Indonesia, most especially in the field of national defense.[13]

The BYD is awarded in 3 classes:[14]

1st Class Yudha Dharma Utama Rib.png Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama[15][16] Awarded to Minister of Defence and Commander of National Armed Forces[17]
2nd Class Yudha Dharma Pratama Rib.png Bintang Yudha Dharma Pratama Awarded to 2-star officer and above who serve in national armed force HQ, ministry of defense, or defense branch HQ[17]
3rd Class Yudha Dharma Nararya Rib.png Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya Awarded to star officer and senior officer who serve in joint staff position [17]

The ribbons of the 2nd and 1st Classes are identical, with the addition of (respectively) one and two central narrow red stripes.

Bintang Kartika Eka Pakçi ("Army Meritorious Service Star")[edit]

The "Army Meritorious Service Star" (BKEP) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Army for meritorious service and beyond the call of duty for advancement of the Indonesian Army. The BKEP can also be awarded to civilians who provide extraordinary service for advancement of the Indonesian Army.[18]

The BKEP is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Utama.gif Bintang Kartika Eka Pakçi Utama Awarded to Chief of Staff of the Army[17]
2nd Class Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Pratama.gif Bintang Kartika Eka Pakçi Pratama Awarded to 2-star army officer who have received 3rd class of BJSN[17]
3rd Class Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Nararya.gif Bintang Kartika Eka Pakçi Nararya Awarded all army personnel who have received Satyalancana Kesetiaan 24 years service[17]

Bintang Jalasena ("Navy Meritorious Service Star")[edit]

The "Navy Meritorious Service Star" (BJSN) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Navy for meritorious service and beyond the call of duty for advancement of the Indonesian Navy. The BJSN can also be awarded to civilians who provide extraordinary service for advancement of the Indonesian Navy.[19]

The BJSN is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Star of the Navy - 1st Class (Indonesia) - ribbon bar.png Bintang Jalasena Utama Awarded to Chief of Staff of the Navy [20][17]
2nd Class Star of the Navy - 2nd Class (Indonesia) - ribbon bar.png Bintang Jalasena Pratama Awarded to 2-star navy officer who have received 3rd class of BJSN [20][17]
3rd Class Star of the Navy - 3rd Class (Indonesia) - ribbon bar.png Bintang Jalasena Nararya Awarded all navy personnel who have received Satyalancana Kesetiaan 24 years service[20][17]

Bintang Swa Bhuwana Paksa ("Air Force Meritorious Service Star")[edit]

The "Air Force Meritorious Service Star" (BSBP) is awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Air Force for meritorious service and beyond the call of duty for advancement of the Indonesian Air Force. The BSBP can also be awarded to civilians who provide extraordinary service for advancement of the Indonesian Air Force.[21]

The BSBP is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Bintang Swa Bhuana Paksa Utama.gif Bintang Swa Bhuwana Paksa Utama Awarded to Chief of Staff of the Air Force[17]
2nd Class Bintang Swa Bhuana Paksa Pratama.gif Bintang Swa Bhuwana Paksa Pratama Awarded to 2-star air force officer who have received 3rd class of BJSN [17]
3rd Class Bintang Swa Bhuana Paksa Nararya.gif Bintang Swa Bhuwana Paksa Nararya Awarded all air force personnel who have received Satyalancana Kesetiaan 24 years service[17]

Medals of the Republic of Indonesia[edit]

Medals for Civil Service[edit]

Satyalancana Perintis Kemerdekaan ("Independence Freedom Fighters Medal")[edit]

Awarded to the founders or leaders of independence movements and organizations for their contribution to the cause of independence, even though they are or were oppressed by colonial governments.[22]

Satyalancana Perintis Kemerdekaan.gif Satyalancana Perintis Kemerdekaan

Satyalancana Pembangunan ("Development Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individuals for their contribution in national development or specific area development.[23]

Satyalancana Pembangunan.gif Satyalancana Pembangunan

Satyalancana Wirakarya ("Role Model Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individual for the service to the country and become a role model in their field.[24]

Satyalancana Wira Karya.gif Satyalancana Wirakarya

Satyalancana Kebhaktian Sosial ("Social Welfare Medal")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished individuals for their contribution to the social welfare of the Indonesian people.

Satyalancana Kebhaktian Sosial.gif Satyalancana Kebhaktian Sosial

Satyalancana Kebudayaan ("Cultural Service Medal")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished individuals for their service in upholding Indonesian culture and the arts.[25]

Satyalancana Kebudayaan.gif Satyalancana Kebudayaan

Satyalancana Pendidikan ("Education Service Medal")[edit]

Awarded to teachers, professors and school and college administrative staff for dedicated service to the education sector.[26]

Satyalancana Pendidikan (Indonesia) - ribbon bar.png Satyalancana Pendidikan

Satyalancana Karya Satya ("Civil Service Long Service Medals")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished individuals of the civil service for years of loyal and faithful service and dedication. The medals is awarded in 3 classes: 10 years service, 20 years service and 30 years service.[27]

The Satyalancana Karya Satya is awarded in 3 classes:

1st Class Satyalancana Karya Satya.gif Satyalancana Karya Satya 30 years service - gold medal
2nd Class Satyalancana Karya Satya.gif Satyalancana Karya Satya 20 years service - silver medal
3rd Class Satyalancana Karya Satya.gif Satyalancana Karya Satya 10 years service - bronze medal

Note: All classes of Satyalancana Karya Satya medal have exactly same medal design and ribbon, the difference is only color of medal.

Satyalancana Dharma Olahraga ("Sport Medal")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished athletes, coaches, judges and sports officials for their meritorious service and dedication towards the advancement and progress of Indonesian sports and also for achievements made for the country during national level and international sports events.[28]

Satyalancana Dharma Olahraga.gif Satyalancana Dharma Olahraga

Satyalancana Dharma Pemuda ("Youth Medal")[edit]

Awarded to youth (16 years old - 30 years old) for their extraordinary achievements and become a role model for other youth.[29]

Satyalancana Dharma Pemuda.gif Satyalancana Dharma Pemuda

Satyalancana Kepariwisataan ("Tourism Medal")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished individuals for their service in tourism development.[30]

Satyalancana Kepariwisataan.gif Satyalancana Kepariwisataan

Satyalancana Karya Bhakti Praja Nugraha ("Regional Government Medal")[edit]

Awarded to regional government administrator or employee for their service or performance for the effective functioning of regional and local governments.[31]

Satyalancana Karya Bhakti Praja Nugraha.gif Satyalancana Karya Bhakti Praja Nugraha

Satyalancana Pengabdian ("Police Long Service Medals")[edit]

Awarded to distinguished personnel of the Indonesian National Police for years of loyal and faithful service and dedication.[32]

The Satyalancana Pengabdian is awarded in 4 category:

1st Category Satyalancana Pengabdian 32 year service.gif Satyalancana Pengabdian 32 years service
2nd Category Satyalancana Pengabdian 24 year service.gif Satyalancana Pengabdian 24 years service
3rd Category Satyalancana Pengabdian 16 year service.gif Satyalancana Pengabdian 16 years service
4th Category Satyalancana Pengabdian 8 year service.gif Satyalancana Pengabdian 8 years service

Satyalancana Bhakti Pendidikan ("Police Academy Instructor Medal)[edit]

Awarded to individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Police for dedicated service as instructors in the Police Academy or in recruiting stations.[33]

Satyalancana Bhakti Pendidikan.gif Satyalancana Bhakti Pendidikan

Satyalancana Jana Utama ("Public Security and Order Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Police for dedicated service in public security and order which leads to advancement of Police organization in general.[34]

Satyalancana Jana Utama.gif Satyalancana Jana Utama

Satyalancana Ksatria Bhayangkara ("Police Meritious Medal)[edit]

Awarded to distinguished personnel of the Indonesian National Police for dedicated service in the performance of their duties in law enforcement and civil assistance operations fostering and fulfilling fields of professionalism and professional ethics which contribute to the advancement of the National Police in its mission.[35]

Satyalancana Ksatria Bhayangkara.gif Satyalancana Ksatria Bhayangkara

Satyalancana Karya Bhakti ("Police - Memorial Actions Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Police for contribution in activities which advance the work of the National Police and of its mandate, honor the history and heritage of the National Police, and help uphold the values and importance of the organization for the security and welfare of the people.[36]

Satyalancana Karya Bhakti.gif Satyalancana Karya Bhakti

Satyalancana Operasi Kepolisian ("Police - Wounded Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Police who were wounded or killed during police operations.[37]

Satyalancana Operasi Kepolisian.gif Satyalancana Operasi Kepolisian

Satyalancana Bhakti Buana ("Police - Peacekeeping Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Police for police duty service in oversea territory or peacekeeping operation.[38]

Satyalancana Bhakti Buana.gif Satyalancana Bhakti Buana

Satyalancana Bhakti Nusa ("Police - Remote and Border Service Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Police for police duty service in remote area or Indonesian border.[39]

Satyalancana Bhakti Nusa.gif Satyalancana Bhakti Nusa

Satyalancana Bhakti Purna ("Police - 32 years Service Medals")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Police for 32 years service and dedication.[40]

Satyalancana Bhakti Purna.gif Satyalancana Bhakti Purna

Medals for Military Service[edit]

Satyalencana Bhakti ("Wounded Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces who are deemed worthy to receive it, because of combat injuries sustained due to enemy action during military operations.[41]

Satyalancana Bhakti.gif Satyalencana Bhakti

Satyalancana Teladan ("Military Campaign Medal")[edit]

Awarded to iany serving personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for 1 year continuous service or 3 years non-continuous service while in performance of national defense responsbilities on any military campaign or operation as may be ordered by the Commander of the National Armed Forces and/or the respective Chiefs of Staff of the service branches of the armed forces wherein he or she is assigned.[42]

Satyalancana Teladan.gif Satyalancana Teladan

Satyalancana Kesetiaan ("Military Long Service Medals")[edit]

Awarded personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for years of loyal and faithful service.[43] This is one of only few awards that may be bestowed upon both enlisted personnel and officers of the Armed Forces

The Satyalancana Pengabdian is awarded in 4 category:

1st Category Satyalancana Kesetiaan 32 year service.gif Satyalancana Kesetiaan 32 years service
2nd Category Satyalancana Kesetiaan 24 year service.gif Satyalancana Kesetiaan 24 years service
3rd Category Satyalancana Kesetiaan 16 year service.gif Satyalancana Kesetiaan 16 years service
4th Category Satyalancana Kesetiaan 8 year service.gif Satyalancana Kesetiaan 8 years service

Satyalancana Santi Dharma ("Military Peacekeeping Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for service as part of a UN peacekeeping force or as wartime foreign military observers during conflicts.[44]

Satyalancana Santi Dharma.gif Satyalancana Santi Dharma

Satyalancana Dwidya Sistha ("Military Instructor Service Medals")[edit]

Awarded to any individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for service as instructors at the Military Academies or military recruit training units in any service branch.[45]

Satyalancana Dwidya Sistha.gif Satyalancana Dwidya Sistha

Satyalancana Dharma Nusa ("National Defence Service Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces or Indonesian National Police or civil servants for service in defense/security restoration order operations in conflict zone.[46]

Satyalancana Dharma Nusa.gif Satyalancana Dharma Nusa

Satyalancana Dharma Bantala (Army Service Medal)[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Army for years of loyal and faithful service and dedication.[47]

Satyalancana Dharma Bantala.gif Satyalancana Dharma Bantala

Satyalancana Dharma Samudra (Navy Service Medal)[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Navy for years of loyal and faithful service and dedication.[48]

Satyalancana Dharma Samudra.gif Satyalancana Dharma Samudra

Satyalancana Dharma Dirgantara (Air Force Service Medal)[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian Air Force for years of loyal and faithful service and dedication.[49]

Satyalancana Dharma Dirgantara.gif Satyalancana Dharma Dirgantara

Satyalancana Wira Nusa ("Outer Islands Guard Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for service in outermost islands of Indonesia.[50]

Satyalancana Wira Nusa.gif Satyalancana Wira Nusa

Satyalancana Wira Dharma ("Border Guard Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for service as Border Guard Task Force.[51]

Satyalancana Wira Dharma.gif Satyalancana Wira Dharma

Satyalancana Wira Siaga ("Presidential Guard Medal")[edit]

Awarded to personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for service in the presidential security forces.[52]

Satyalancana Wira Siaga.gif Satyalancana Wira Siaga

Satyalancana Ksatria Yudha ("Special Forces Medal")[edit]

Awarded to individual or personnel of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for 2 years continuous service or 3 years non-continuous service in the special forces units.[53]

Satyalancana Ksatria Yudha.gif Satyalancana Ksatria Yudha

Honorary Citations ("Samkarya Nugraha")[edit]

Parasamya Purnakarya Nugraha ("Civil Honorary Citation")[edit]

Nugraha Sakanti ("Presidential Unit Citation-Police")[edit]

The NS is a citation award given by or in behalf of the President of the Republic of Indonesia for meritorious service and dedication of units within the Indonesian National Police for the sake of upholding law and order, protecting the citizenry of the Republic, community development, civil assistance and in the performance of actions for the benefit of the people's well-being and safety.

Samkarya Nugraha ("Presidential Unit Citation-Armed Forces")[edit]

The SN is a citation award given by or in behalf of the President of the Republic of Indonesia for meritorious service and dedication of units within the Indonesian National Armed Forces for the sake of the performance of its mandate of national defense, community development and in civil assistance operations during calamities and major national events.

Obsolete Stars and Medals[edit]

Bintang Garuda ("Garuda Star")[edit]

Given to the Air Force personnel served in the independence war. No longer awarded and extinct.

Bintang Garuda.gif Bintang Garuda

Bintang Sewindu Angkatan Perang ("Armed Forces Eight Years’ Service Star")[edit]

Awarded in 1953 to mark the 8th year or windu year since the foundation of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. No longer awarded and extinct.

Bintang Sewindu.gif Bintang Sewindu Angkatan Perang

Satyalancana Seroja("Timor Military Campaign Medal")[edit]

Satyalancana Seroja.gif Satyalancana Seroja

Obsolete award and extinct following secession of East Timor from Indonesia. Awarded on behalf of the Republic for successful conduct and service rendered during the 1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor and its subsequent Indonesian rule. This one of few awards which may bestowed upon all personnel of the armed forces and the National Police Mobile Brigade regardless of rank held upon the issuance of the medal.

Satyalancana Penegak ("Medal for Combat Against Communists")[edit]

No longer awarded since massive extermination program for communist insurgency in 1965-1966 and the fall of Sukarno's old order regime in 1967. Awarded to National Armed Force and National Police personnel for active service in actions against the Communist Party of Indonesia.

Satyalancana Wira Dharma ("Malaysia/Northern Borneo Military Campaign Medal")[edit]

Obsolete award and extinct following the collapse of Sukarno regime who failed to prevent Malaya Federation gaining independence and normalization diplomatic relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia. This is one of only few awards that may be bestowed upon enlisted personnel of the Armed Forces.

Satyalancana Gerakan Operasi Militer I-IX ("Military Operational Service Medals I-IX")[edit]

Dormant award. This one of few awards which may bestowed upon all personnel of the armed forces and the National Police Mobile Brigade regardless of rank held upon the issuance of the medal. Awarded on behalf of the Republic for successful conduct and service rendered during military operations as may be ordered by the Government of the Republic, together with the National Armed Forces and the Police.

Satyalancana Peristiwa ("Commemoration Medals")[edit]

Dormant award.

Bintang Sewindu Kemerdekaan ("8th Year of National Independence Star")[edit]

Dormant award. Awarded in 1953 to mark the 8th or windu anniversary since the Proclamation of Independence in 1945, divided into 1st and 2nd Classes respectively.

References[edit]

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