Ordnance Factory Board
आयुध निर्माणी बोर्ड
|Founded||1802 [ Production started from 18 March 1802 at Cossipore] |
Ayudh Bhawan, Kolkata
|Saurabh Kumar, IOFS |
(Director General Ordnance Factories & Chairman, OFB)
|Products||Small arms, aircraft weapons, anti-aircraft warfare, naval weapons, anti-ship warfare, anti-submarine warfare, anti-tank warfare, missiles, missile launchers, rockets, rocket launchers, bombs, grenades, mortars, mines, metals, alloys, machine tools, military vehicles, engines, armoured vehicles, parachutes, optoelectronics, chemicals, clothing, artillery, ammunition, propellants, explosives|
|Revenue||$3 billion (₹19982.71 crores) |
Number of employees
Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) (Hindi: आयुध निर्माणी बोर्ड; IAST: Āyudh nirmāṇī borḍ) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories (भारतीय आयुध निर्माणियाँ; Bhāratīya āyudh nirmāṇiyān), is an industrial organisation, functioning under the Department of Defence Production of Ministry of Defence, Government of India. It is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of air, land and sea systems. OFB comprises forty-one Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.
OFB is the world's largest government-operated production organisation, and the oldest organisation run by the Government of India. It has a total workforce of about 164,000. It is often called the "Fourth Arm of Defence", and the "Force Behind the Armed Forces" of India. It is amongst the top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world. Its total sales were at $3 billion (₹19982.71 crores) in 2015-'16. Every year, 18 March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factory Day in India.
- 1 History
- 2 Infrastructure and leadership
- 3 Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
- 4 Products
- 5 Customers
- 6 References
The history and development of the Indian Ordnance Factories is directly linked with the British reign in India. The East India Company considered military hardware to be a vital element for securing their economic interest in India and increasing their political power. In 1775, the British East India company accepted the establishment of the Board of Ordnance at Fort William, Calcutta. This marks the official beginning of the Army Ordnance in India.
In 1787, a gunpowder factory was established at Ichapore; it began production in 1791, and the site was later used as a rifle factory, beginning in 1904. In 1801, Gun Carriage Agency (now known as Gun & Shell Factory, Cossipore) was established at Cossipore, Calcutta, and production began on 18 March 1802. This is the oldest ordnance factory in India still in existence.
The growth of the Ordnance Factory Board leading to its present setup has been continuous but sporadic. There were eighteen ordnance factories before India became independent in 1947 and twenty-three factories have been established after independence, mostly in the wake of defence preparedness imperatives brought about by the wars involving India.
- Main Events
- 1712 - Establishment of the Dutch Ostend Company's Gun Powder Factory at Ichhapur.
- 1775 - Establishment of the Board of Ordnance at Fort William, Kolkata.
- 1787 - Establishment of the Gun Powder Factory at Ishapore.
- 1791 - Production of Gun Powder begins at Ishapore.
- 1801 – Establishment of Gun Carriage Agency at Cossipore, Kolkata.
- 1802 – Production begins at Cossipore on 18 March.
- 1906 – The Administration of Indian Ordnance Factories comes under a separate charge as "IG of Ordnance Factories".
- 1933 – Charged to "Director of Ordnance Factories".
- 1948 – Placed under direct control of Ministry of Defence.
- 1962 – Department of Defence Production was set up at Ministry of Defence.
- 1979 – Ordnance Factory Board is established on 2 April.
Infrastructure and leadership
- Armoured Vehicles Headquarters, Chennai (AVHQ)
- Ordnance Equipment Factories Headquarters, Kanpur (OEFHQ)
- Ordnance Factory Board, New Delhi Office (OFBNDO)
- Ordnance Factory Cell, Mumbai (OFBMUM)
- Ordnance Factories Recruitment Centre, Nagpur (OFRC)
- Ordnance Factory Board, Kolkata (OFBHQ)
The Apex Board is headed by the Director General of Ordnance Factories (DGOF), who acts as the Chairman of the Board (ex officio Secretary to Government of India) and consists of nine other Members, who each hold the rank of Additional DGOF. Ordnance factories are divided into five operating divisions, depending upon the type of the main products/technologies employed. These are:
- Ammunition and Explosives (A&E)
- Weapons, Vehicles & Equipment (WV&E)
- Materials and Components (M&C)
- Armoured Vehicles (AV)
- Ordnance Equipment Group of Factories (OEF)
Each of the above group of factories is headed by a Member/Additional DGOF who is in the rank of Special Secretary to Government of India. The four remaining members are responsible for staff functions, viz Personnel (Per), Finance (Fin), Planning & Material Management (P&MM), and Technical Services (TS), and they operate from Kolkata.
|Ammunition Factory Khadki, (AFK)||Pune||Maharashtra|
|Cordite Factory (CFA)||Aruvankadu||Tamil Nadu|
|Engine Factory Avadi (EFA)||Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Field Gun Factory, Kanpur (FGK)||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Gun Carriage Factory Jabalpur (GCF)||Jabalpur||Madhya Pradesh|
|Grey Iron Foundry (GIF)||Jabalpur||Madhya Pradesh|
|Gun and Shell Factory (GSF)||Cossipore, Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project (HAPP)||Tiruchirappalli||Tamil Nadu|
|High Explosives Factory (HEF)||Pune||Maharashtra|
|Heavy Vehicles Factory, Chennai (HVF)||Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Machine Tool Prototype Factory, (MPF)||Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|Metal and Steel Factory (MSF)||Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Ordnance Clothing Factory Avadi (OCFAV)||Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Ordnance Cable Factory Chandigarh (OCFC)||Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|Ordnance Clothing Factory (OCFS)||Shahjahanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ordnance Equipment Factory Kanpur (OEFC)||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ordnance Equipment Factory Hazratpur (OEFHZ)||Hazratpur|
|Ordnance Factory Ambarnath (OFA)||Ambarnath||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Ambajhari (OFAJ)||Nagpur||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Bhandara (OFBA)||Bhandara||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Bhusawal (OFBH)||Bhusawal||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Bolangir (OFBOL)||Bolangir||Odisha|
|Ordnance Factory Kanpur (OFC)||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Chandrapur (OFCH)||Chandrapur||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC)||Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Ordnance Factory Dehu Road (OFDR)||Pune||Maharashtra|
|Ordnance Factory Dehradun (OFDUN)||Dehradun||Uttarakhand|
|Ordnance Factory Itarsi (OFI)||Itarsi||Madhya Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Khamaria (OFK)||Khamaria, Jabalpur||Madhya Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Katni (OFKAT)||Katni||Madhya Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Muradnagar (OFM)||Muradnagar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Project (OFN)||Nalanda||Bihar|
|Ordnance Factory Project Korwa (OFPKR)||Korwa||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ordnance Factory Project Medak (OFPM)||Medak||Telangana|
|Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli (OFT)||Tiruchirappalli||Tamil Nadu|
|Ordnance Factory Varangaon (OFV)||Varangaon||Maharashtra|
|Opto Electronics Factory (OLF)||Dehradun||Uttarakhand|
|Ordnance Parachute Factory (OPF)||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Rifle Factory Ishapore (RFI)||Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Small Arms Factory (SAF)||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Vehicle Factory Jabalpur (VFJ)||Jabalpur||Madhya Pradesh|
Each ordnance factory is headed by a General Manager who is in the rank of Additional Secretary to the Government of India.
- National Academy of Defence Production, Nagpur (NADP)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ambajhari, Nagpur (OFILAJ)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ambernath, Mumbai (OFILAM)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Avadi, Chennai (OFILAV)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Dehradun (OFILDD)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ishapore, Kolkata (OFILIS)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Khamaria, Jabalpur (OFILKH)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning, Kanpur (OFILKN)
- Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning, Medak (OFILMK)
Each OFIL is headed by a Principal Director, and NADP by a Senior Principal Director. NADP provides training to Group A officers, whilst the other eight institutes impart training to Group B and Group C employees of the ordnance factories.
Regional marketing centres
- Regional Marketing Centre, Avadi, Chennai (RMCAV)
- Regional Marketing Centre, Delhi (RMCDL)
- Regional Marketing Centre, Pune (RMCPU)
Each Regional Marketing Centre is headed by a Regional Director.
Regional Controllerates of Safety
- Regional Controllerate of Safety Ambajhari, Nagpur (RCSAJ)
- Regional Controllerate of Safety Avadi, Chennai (RCSAV)
- Regional Controllerate of Safety, Kanpur (RCSKN)
- Regional Controllerate of Safety, Pune (RCSPU)
Each Regional Controllerate of Safety is headed by a Regional Controller of Safety.
Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) (Hindi: भारतीय आयुध निर्माणी सेवा) is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence.
IOFS is a multi-disciplinary composite cadre consisting of technical – engineers (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics), technologists (Aerospace, Automotive, Optical, Chemical, Metallurgical, Textile, Leather) and non-technical/administrative (Science, Law, Commerce, Management and Arts graduates). Technical posts comprise about 87% of the total cadre. The doctors (Surgeons and Physicians) serving in OFB belong to a separate service known as the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS). IOFHS officers are responsible for the maintenance of health of the employees, and the hospitals of OFB. They report directly to the IOFS officers. IOFS and IOFHS are the only two civil services under the Department of Defence Production.
The recruitment in the Indian Ordnance Factories as a Group A officer is done by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) based on the performance in the rigorous and prestigious Engineering Services Examination (ESE) and the Civil Services Examination (CSE). Engineering posts are filled through the Engineering Services Examination, while technologists are selected through interviews by UPSC. Posts in the non technical streams are filled through the Civil Services Examination. IOFS is the only cadre in which candidates are selected by all four means – CSE, ESE, interviews and promotions. IOFHS officers are selected through the Combined Medical Services Examination, conducted by UPSC. All appointments to the Group A Civil Services are made by the President of India.
- Hierarchy (Group A)
|Grade||Designation in the field||Designation in headquarters||Pay scale|
|Junior Time Scale||Assistant Works Manager||Assistant Director||₹56100|
|Senior Time Scale||Works Manager||Deputy Director||₹67700|
|Senior Time Scale (Non Functional)||Deputy General Manager||Joint Director||₹78800|
|Junior Administrative Grade (Functional)||Joint General Manager||Director||₹118500|
|Senior Administrative Grade||Addl. GM / General Manager / Principal Director / Regional Director / Regional Controller of Safety||Deputy Director General||₹144200|
|Higher Administrative Grade||Senior General Manager / Senior Principal Director||Senior Deputy Director General||₹182200|
|Higher Administrative Grade (+)||Nil||Addl. Director General & Member of the Board||₹205400|
|Apex Scale||Nil||Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) & Chairman of the Ordnance Factory Board||₹225000l|
The type of ordnance material produced is very diverse, including various small arms to missiles, rockets, bombs, grenades, military vehicles, armoured vehicles, chemicals, optical devices, parachutes, mortars, artillery pieces plus all associated ammunition, propellants, explosives and fuses.
Products available to civilians
Civilians are required to hold an Arms License (issued only for non-prohibited bore category weapons) in order to buy firearms in India. The following products of the Indian Ordnance Factories Board are available for civilians:
- IOF .22 revolver
- IOF .32 revolver (7.65 mm X 23)
- IOF .32 revolver Nirbheek
- IOF .32 Pistol Ashani
- IOF .22 Sporting Rifle
- IOF .315 Sporting Rifle
- IOF .30-06 Sporting Rifle
- Cartridge Rimfire .22" Ball
- Cartridge SA .32" Revolver
- Cartridge SA .315" and 30 06 Ball
- Cartridge SA 12 Bore 70mm
- Cartridge SA 12 Bore 65mm Special
Products not available to civilians
These products are exclusively manufactured for use by the armed forces and are not sold to civilians.
The prime customers of Indian Ordnance Factories are the Indian Armed Forces viz. Indian Army, Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force. Apart from supplying armaments to the Armed Forces, Ordnance Factories also meet the requirements of other customers viz. the Central Armed Police Forces, State Armed Police Forces, Paramilitary Forces of India and the Special Forces of India in respect of arms, ammunition, clothing, bullet proof vehicles, mine protected vehicles etc.
Customers are in the civil sector, central/state government organisations and departments such as Indian Railways, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Telecommunications, and State Electricity Boards. Public Sector Undertakings in India (PSUs) such as HMT Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bharat Dynamics Limited, private companies and individuals etc. who purchase industrial chemicals, explosives, arms, ammunition, brass ingots, aluminium alloy products for aircraft, steel castings and forgings, vehicles, clothing and leather goods, cables and opto-electronic instruments.
Arms and ammunition, weapon spares, chemicals and explosives, parachutes, leather and clothing items are exported to more than 30 countries worldwide.
- Asia: Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Vietnam, Nepal, Singapore
- Europe: Germany, Belgium, Cyprus, Greece, Turkey, Russia, Sweden, France, Switzerland, UK
- Middle East: Oman, Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, UAE
- Africa: Kenya, Botswana, Nigeria
- North and Latin America: United States, Canada, Brazil, Chile, Suriname
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