Ordnance QF 3 inch howitzer was a howitzer fitted to British tanks of the Second World War so they could fire a HE shell in "close support" of infantry.
It was used to equip the British Infantry tanks: Matilda II, Churchill tank Mk I, Valentine tank (New Zealand only) and the cruiser tank Crusader (65 rounds).
Later in the war a larger 95 mm howitzer was employed for the same purpose.
- Calibre: 3 inches (76 mm)
- Length of barrel: 75 inches (1,900 mm) (25 calibres)
- Overall length: 78.2 inches (1,990 mm)
- Weight: 256 pounds (116 kg)
- Muzzle velocity: 600 to 700 feet per second (180 to 210 m/s)
- Cartridge: 76.2x134R
- Smoke: 13.4 pounds (6.1 kg)
- HE: 13.9 pounds (6.3 kg)
- Range 2,000 to 2,500 yards (1,800 to 2,300 m)
Notes and references
- Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis British And American Tanks Of World War II