Ordonnance de Montpellier

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The Ordonnance de Montpellier, signed on 28 December 1537 by Francis I of France, established the first legal deposit system.

In the Ordonnance, Francis decreed that no book be sold in France until a copy was deposited in his library. The decree was not widely followed and the legal deposit requirement abolished in the French Revolution.


  • Larivière, Jules; Jean Lunn (2000). "2 – History of Legal Deposit". Guidelines for Legal Deposit Legislation (PDF). Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 

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