Ordrup

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Ordrup Church

Ordrup is a district of Gentofte Municipality in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located circa 12 km (7.5 mi) north of the city centre.[1]

History[edit]

The map used when the land was divided among the individual farmers in 1765

Ordrup was originally a small village which only consisted of eight farms and a forge. The area became a popular destination for excursions for citizens from Copenhagen in the 17th century. The farmers supplemented their income by harvesting peat that was sold on the market in Copenhagen.

The Ordrup farm Eigaard painted by Jens Juel in c. 1793

Ordrup came under Bernstorff Palace in the 1760s after Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff had received the entire area from Christian V as a gift. Bernstorff was a driving force behind the agricultural reforms of the time. A detailed map of the land was drawn up. The land was divided into lots. A draw which took place at Bernstorff Palace on 1 September 1765 distributed the lots among the local farmers. The names of the eight farms were Lindegaarden, Teglgaarden, Eigaarden, Holmegården, Skjoldgaarden, Hyldegaarden, Damgaarden and Skovgaarden. The reforms led to higher profits both for the farmers and Bernstorff.

An inn opened in Ordrup on 2 February 1768. In 1770 only Damgården had moved out of the village to be closer to its land. Most of the remaining farms and houses in the village were destroyed in a fire on 6 September 1798. The fire began in Teglgården's workshop when a pot of glue that boiled over ignited some shavings.[2] It was decided to rebuild the farms out on their fields. The lots in the village were sold to craftsmen or people from Copenhagen who constructed summer residences on them.

Many of the farms were converted into country houses, especially after the opening of the Klampenborg Railway made the area more accessible from 1863. The first school in Ordrup opened on 1 May 1867. It was followed by the Catholic boy's school St. Andrew's College in 1873. The school had its own church. The school and church were built by Polly Berling, the owner of Ordruphøj, who had converted to Catholicism in 1869. A protestant parish church was built a few years later.[3]

Ordrup Velodrome and Ordrup School in 1956

Ordrup developed into a suburb as the farmland was built over with single family detached homes and apartment buildings in the first half of the 20th century.

Landmarks[edit]

Places of interest include the art museum of Ordrupgaard[4] and Ordrup Church completed in 1876.[5] Ordrup Asyl opened in the 1860s and is still in use as a daycare.

Transport[edit]

Ordrup Station built in 1924 is on the Klampenborgbanen S-train radial line providing service to Copenhagen.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ordrup" (in Danish). Den Store Danske. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Mowgli i 100 år". mowgli.eu (in Danish). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Fra bondeby til villaby". Villabyerne (in Danish). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Ordrupgaard". Ordrupgaard.dk. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Ordrup Kirke" (in Danish). Kort til kirken. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Ordrup Station" (in Danish). danskefilm.dk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°45′37″N 12°34′17″E / 55.76028°N 12.57139°E / 55.76028; 12.57139