Ordu Province

Coordinates: 40°48′41″N 37°32′26″E / 40.81139°N 37.54056°E / 40.81139; 37.54056
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Ordu Province
Ordu ili
Ordu Gölköy
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
 • MayorHilmi Güler (AKP)
 • ValiMuammer Erol
5,914 km2 (2,283 sq mi)
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0452

Ordu Province (Turkish: Ordu ili) is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. Its area is 5,914 km2,[2] and its population is 763,190 (2022).[1] Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to the south, and Giresun to the east. Its license-plate code is 52. The capital of the province is the city of Ordu.


Ordu is the word for 'army' in current Turkish, originally meaning 'army camp', during the Ottoman Empire an army outpost was set up near the present day city. The city, and later the province, derived its name from this.[citation needed]


Byzantine church in Cape Jason in Perşembe, Ordu.
Church of Hypapante (Greek: Ναός της Υπαπαντής του Χρηστού, Turkish: Taşbaşı Kilisesi)
Ordu is the capital of the province.

Ordu is a strip of Black Sea coast and the hills behind, historically an agricultural and fishing area and in recent years, tourism has seen an increase, mainly visitors from Russia and Georgia, as Ordu boasts some of the best beaches, rivers, and lush, green mountains on the Black Sea coast. Walking in the high pastures is now a popular excursion for Turkish holidaymakers. The higher altitudes are covered in forest.

Melet River, Bolaman River, Elekçi River, Turnasuyu Stream, Akçaova Stream and Civil Stream are the main rivers of the province. The topography of the province is not conducive to lake formation and only two major lakes, Gaga Lake and Ulugöl, are present in Ordu.[3]


The economy of the province depends on agriculture. Ordu is famous for hazelnuts. Turkey as a whole produces about 70 percent of the world's hazelnuts,[4] and Ordu is the chief producer in Turkey, responsible for 150,000–180,000 tonnes per year, which amounts to around 30% of Turkey's production. Hazelnuts production takes around 88% of Ordu's arable land, the remainder mainly consists of corn and wheat fields. Whilst covering only 0.1% of the arable land of the province, Ordu's kiwi production is the second largest in the country after Yalova. Beekeeping is also important in Ordu, which produced in 2010 12.8% of honey produced in Turkey.[5]


In recent decades many people from Ordu have migrated away to jobs in Istanbul, Bursa, Samsun, Sakarya or abroad (espacially to Austria).


Districts of the Ordu Province

Ordu province is divided into 19 districts:

Places to see[edit]

Ordu has an attractive coast including pretty bays and the cleanest and longest beaches on this stretch of the Black Sea coast. Specific sites include:

Well-known residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ Ordu İli Doğa Turizmi Master Planı (PDF). Turkish Ministry of Forestry and Water Management. pp. 24–5. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  4. ^ Inventory Of Hazelnut Research, Germplasm And References
  5. ^ Ordu İli Doğa Turizmi Master Planı (PDF). Turkish Ministry of Forestry and Water Management. pp. 30–1. Retrieved 25 June 2016.

External links[edit]

40°48′41″N 37°32′26″E / 40.81139°N 37.54056°E / 40.81139; 37.54056