Ore Mountain Mining Region

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Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region
UNESCO World Heritage Site
upright=Arno Lippmann shaft in Altenberg
LocationCzech Republic and Germany
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference1478
Inscription2019 (43rd Session)
Area6,766.057 ha (16,719.29 acres)
Buffer zone13,017.791 ha (32,167.66 acres)
Coordinates50°24′23.5″N 12°50′14″E / 50.406528°N 12.83722°E / 50.406528; 12.83722Coordinates: 50°24′23.5″N 12°50′14″E / 50.406528°N 12.83722°E / 50.406528; 12.83722
Ore Mountain Mining Region is located in Czech Republic
Ore Mountain Mining Region
Location of Ore Mountain Mining Region in Czech Republic

The Ore Mountain Mining Region (German: Montanregion Erzgebirge, Czech: Hornický region Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří) is an industrial heritage landscape, over 800 years old, in the border region of Ore Mountains between the German state of Saxony and North Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is characterised by a plethora of historic, largely original, monuments to technology, as well as numerous individual monuments and collections related to the historic mining industry of the region. On 6 July 2019, the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because of its exceptional testimony to the advancement of mining technology over the past 800 years.[1]

Description[edit]

The Ore Mountain Mining Region is a region roughly 95 kilometres (59 mi) long and 45 kilometres (28 mi) wide, on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic, containing a large density of historical mining sites and monuments.[2] The World Heritage Site comprises 22 of these sites (17 in Germany and 5 in the Czech Republic). Because of the intensity and continuous nature of the mining in the region, the entire landscape is heavily influenced by mining, from transportation to water supply and urban planning.[2] The region includes many well-reserved relics from derelict mines, including the mines themselves, mine shafts, smelters, and hammer mills.[3]

History[edit]

From the first discovery of silver ore in 1168 in Christiansdorf in the territory of the present-day borough of Freiberg, which is part of the Freiberg Mining Field, mining was carried out uninterruptedly in the Ore Mountains until 1990.[3] During that time, several different metals were extracted from the region. Silver was the first metal mined in the region (particularly around Freiberg), and the region was a world-leading producer of silver ore during the 14th through 16th centuries.[3][2] On the Bohemian side of the mountains, Krupka grew into a prominent mining town, extracting silver, tin, and later iron, lead, copper, and mercury. [3] After the superficial deposits of silver and tin began to decline in the 16th century, the region became famous as ta world producer of cobalt, a status it maintained until the mid-18th century.[2] Finally, anthracite and uranium were extracted in the 19th and 20th century, and were engines for the economic development of Saxony.[3] Today deposits of indium, tungsten, tin and lithium are being investigated for their economic potential.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seven more cultural sites added to UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. 6 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 9 Jun 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e International Council on Monuments and Sites (13 March 2019). Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří(Germany/Czechia) No 1478 (Report). Retrieved 11 June 2021.

External links[edit]