Ore Mountain Mining Region
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Czech Republic and Germany|
|Criteria||Cultural: (ii), (iii), (iv)|
|Inscription||2019 (43rd Session)|
|Area||6,766.057 ha (16,719.29 acres)|
|Buffer zone||13,017.791 ha (32,167.66 acres)|
|Coordinates||50°24′23.5″N 12°50′14″E / 50.406528°N 12.83722°E|
The Ore Mountain Mining Region (officially Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region; German: Montanregion Erzgebirge, Czech: Montanregion Krušné hory) is an industrial heritage landscape, over 800 years old, in the border region of the Ore Mountains between the German state of Saxony and North Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is characterised by a plethora of historic, largely original, monuments to technology, as well as numerous individual monuments and collections related to the historic mining industry of the region. On 6 July 2019, the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because of its exceptional testimony to the advancement of mining technology over the past 800 years.
The Ore Mountain Mining Region is a region roughly 95 kilometres (59 mi) long and 45 kilometres (28 mi) wide, on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic, containing a large density of historical mining sites and monuments. Because of the intensity and continuous nature of the mining in the region, the entire landscape is heavily influenced by mining, from transportation to water supply and urban planning. The region includes many well-reserved relics from derelict mines, including the mines themselves, mine shafts, smelters, and hammer mills.
The World Heritage Site comprises 22 mining sites and monuments, 17 in Germany and 5 in the Czech Republic. The largest of them is Abertamy – Boží Dar – Horní Blatná – Mining Landscape with an area of 2,680 ha (6,600 acres). The list includes:
- Dippoldiswalde Medieval Silver Mines
- Altenberg-Zinnwald Mining Landscape
- Lauenstein Administrative Centre
- Freiberg Mining Landscape
- Hoher Forst Mining Landscape
- Schneeberg Mining Landscape
- Schindlers Werk Smalt Works
- Annaberg-Frohnau Mining Landscape
- Pöhlberg Mining Landscape
- Buchholz Mining Landscape
- Marienberg Mining Town
- Lauta Mining Landscape
- Ehrenfriedersdorf Mining Landscape
- Grünthal Silver-Copper Liquation Works
- Eibenstock Mining Landscape
- Rother Berg Mining Landscape
- Uranium Mining Landscape
- Czech Republic
- Jáchymov Mining Landscape
- Abertamy – Boží Dar – Horní Blatná – Mining Landscape
- The Red Tower of Death in Ostrov
- Krupka Mining Landscape
- Mědník Hill Mining Landscape in Měděnec
From the first discovery of silver ore in 1168 in Christiansdorf in the territory of the present-day borough of Freiberg, which is part of the Freiberg Mining Field, mining was carried out uninterruptedly in the Ore Mountains until 1990. During that time, several different metals were extracted from the region. Silver was the first metal mined in the region (particularly around Freiberg), and the region was a world-leading producer of silver ore during the 14th through 16th centuries. On the Bohemian side of the mountains, Krupka grew into a prominent mining town, extracting silver, tin, and later iron, lead, copper, and mercury.  After the superficial deposits of silver and tin began to decline in the 16th century, the region became famous as ta world producer of cobalt, a status it maintained until the mid-18th century. Finally, anthracite and uranium were extracted in the 19th and 20th century, and were engines for the economic development of Saxony. Today deposits of indium, tungsten, tin and lithium are being investigated for their economic potential.
Vereinigt Zwitterfeld zu Zinnwald, tin mining museum in Altenberg
Smelting works of the Alte Mordgrube pit in Brand-Erbisdorf
Old Copper Hammer Mill Althammer in the Saigerhütte Grünthal of Olbernhau
Horse Mill for ore mining in Johanngeorgenstadt
Freiberg Municipal and Mining Museum
- ^ "Seven more cultural sites added to UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. 6 July 2019.
- ^ a b c d "Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
- ^ a b c d e International Council on Monuments and Sites (13 March 2019). Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří(Germany/Czechia) No 1478 (Report). Retrieved 11 June 2021.
- ^ "Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region: Maps". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved 26 January 2023.
- UNESCO World Heritage Site page
- Ore Mountain Mining Region
- Ore Mountain Mining Region (in German)
- Erzgebirge erwartet Bekenntnis der Landesregierung zum Welterbe-Projekt Montanregion Erzgebirge (Förderverein Montanregion Erzgebirge e.V. dated 21 January 2011)
- Erzgebirge soll Unesco-Welterbe werden: Initiatoren machen Tempo, Regierung bremst (DNN-Online dated 4 April 2011)