Oreanda

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Oreanda
Ореанда
Urban-type settlement
The Khrestova peak of the Crimean Mountains located in Oreanda.
The Khrestova peak of the Crimean Mountains located in Oreanda.
Oreanda is located in Crimea
Oreanda
Oreanda
Location of Oreanda in Crimea
Coordinates: 44°27′31″N 34°08′12″E / 44.45861°N 34.13667°E / 44.45861; 34.13667Coordinates: 44°27′31″N 34°08′12″E / 44.45861°N 34.13667°E / 44.45861; 34.13667
Country Russia/Ukraine[1]
Republic Crimea
Municipality Yalta Municipality
Town status 1971
Area[2]
 • Total 1.36 km2 (0.53 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 835
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+4)
Postal code 98658
Area code +380 654
Climate Cfb
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Oreanda (Ukrainian and Russian: Ореанда; Crimean Tatar: Oreanda) is an urban-type settlement in the Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.[4]

Oreanda is administratively subordinate to the Livadiya Settlement Council.[2][4] The urban-type settlement's population was 887 as of the 2001 Ukrainian census.[4] Current population: 835 (2014 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

Oreanda is located on Crimea's southern shore at an elevation of 197 metres (646 ft).[3] The settlement is located 5 km (3.1 mi) from Yalta. The Khrestova peak of the Crimean Mountains is located in Oreanda.

History[edit]

Oreanda was first mentioned in Peter Simon Pallas's 1793 book Journey through various provinces of the Russian Empire as Urhenda (Cyrillic: Ургенда).[6]

In the first half of the 19th century, Oreanda belonged to the House of Potocki; it later became a part of the Russian tsar's territory. From 1842-1852, a Greek Revival palace was built in Oreanda by architect Andrei Stackenschneider. The American writer Mark Twain once stayed at the palace before it burned down in 1882.

In the 1940s-1950s, two sanatoriums were built in Oreanda, one of which was designed by Soviet Constructivist architect Moisei Ginzburg.

In culture[edit]

Much of Anton Chekhov's short story The Lady with the Dog, published in 1899, takes place in Oreanda.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
  2. ^ a b "Urban-type settlement Livadiya". who-is-who.ua (in Russian). Ukrainian Confederation of Journalists. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Oreanda (Crimea region)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Oreanda, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, City of Yalta". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Oreanda". Toponym Dictionary of Crimea (in Russian). Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Lady with the Dog". SparkNotes. Retrieved 4 June 2014.