Oregon Route 126
|Maintained by ODOT|
|Length||204.63 mi (329.32 km)|
|History||Preceded by US 126 (est. 1926)|
|West end||US 101 in Florence|
|East end||US 26 in Prineville|
Oregon OR 126 (OR 126) is a 204.63-mile-long (329.32 km) state highway that connects coastal, western, and central parts of the U.S. state of Oregon. A short freeway section of OR 126 in Eugene and Springfield is concurrent with Interstate 105 (I-105).
This article or section is written in the wrong direction. U.S. road articles are generally written in a south-to-north and west-to-east direction in order to follow the order of their mileposts.
A business route in the Eugene/Springfield area is also identified.
Freeway (I-105) section
In east Springfield lies the eastern terminus of Eugene-Springfield Highway No. 227 (see Oregon highways and routes), an east-west freeway through the Eugene-Springfield metropolitan area. OR 126 is routed along this freeway for its entire length. West of the I-5 interchange, the freeway is also designated as I-105', a spur of I-5. At this point, I-105 and OR 126 enter Eugene. After two exits and a Willamette River crossing, I-105 reaches its western terminus at OR 99 (West Sixth Avenue) between Washington and Jefferson streets. The bridge and viaduct carrying the last 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of I-105 are known as the Washington-Jefferson Street Bridge. In December 2011 the section of highway from the Washington-Jefferson Street Bridge to Springfield was renamed Officer Chris Kilcullen Memorial Highway to commemorate the fallen Eugene Police Department officer who was fatally wounded while conducting a traffic stop on the highway in April 2011.
Within the Eugene-Springfield area, OR 126 has a business loop. At the western terminus of I-105, OR 126 heads west on Sixth Avenue (cosigned with OR 99). From that same terminus, Business OR 126 heads east, also cosigned with OR 99, along Seventh Avenue. This route then proceeds through Eugene's downtown core and turns south at an interchange near the Ferry Street Bridge.
After two blocks, Business OR 126/OR 99 turns east again on East Broadway, which becomes Franklin Boulevard at Alder Street. Franklin Boulevard separates the south shore of the Willamette River from the northern edge of the University of Oregon campus.
Past the university campus and surrounding business district, Business OR 126 and OR 99 split. OR 99 joins southbound I-5, while OR 126 continues eastbound through the community of Glenwood. It then crosses the Willamette River and enters the city of Springfield. Business OR 126 continues east through downtown Springfield, eventually rejoining the main stem of OR 126 in the Thurston neighborhood of the city's east end.
Eugene to Florence
At the western terminus of I-105, OR 126 turns west and is cosigned with OR 99 for a 1+1⁄2 miles (2.4 km). At Garfield Street, the highways separate. OR 126 becomes the Florence-Eugene Highway, proceeding south on Garfield five blocks to West 11th Avenue, which carries the highway out of Eugene toward the Oregon Coast. In west Eugene, OR 126 intersects the western terminus of OR 569 (Beltline Highway).
Between Eugene and the rural-suburban city of Veneta, OR 126 passes through farmland and crosses the southern portion of Fern Ridge Reservoir, a popular recreation magnet for the area. A Coos Bay Rail Link line, originally part of Southern Pacific, built to Coos Bay in 1914, parallels OR 126 for much of its length between Eugene and Veneta.
Two miles west of Veneta, OR 126 begins its ascent into the Coast Range, passing the town of Noti, proceeding through Cougar Pass, elevation 769 feet (234 m). Cougar Pass marks the division point between the watersheds of the Willamette and Siuslaw rivers. As it descends toward the Siuslaw Valley and the coast, OR 126 follows first Wildcat Creek and then the Siuslaw River itself. The town of Walton is passed. The Coos-Bay Rail Link is also visible from time to time of this section as well the following section from Mapleton to Florence.
The Petersen Tunnel (completed in 1957) at 991 feet (302 m) marks the point where the last barrier to a one-hour drive from Eugene to the coast was breached. Also called the Mapleton Tunnel or the Knowles Creek Tunnel, in 1988 the tunnel was renamed for Ralph A. Petersen (1902–1986), the Lane County Commissioner who was instrumental in completing it.
At Mapleton and the junction with OR 36, OR 126 makes a sharp left turn, continuing westward. For 14 miles (23 km), it follows the Siuslaw River, the CBRL crossing over the highway and river on a bridge at Cushman, to the western terminus of the road, the coastal community of Florence, ending at its junction with US 101.
Prineville to Springfield
OR 126's eastern terminus is in Prineville, with its intersection with U.S. Route 26 (US 26). OR 126 travels westward via the Ochoco Highway to Redmond, crossing US 97. From Redmond, it continues west along the Sisters-Redmond Highway to the eastern edge of Sisters, where it merges with US 20. The highways run concurrently through Sisters to the west end of town and the junction with OR 242, and then west through the Cascade Range to Santiam Junction and the eastern terminus of OR 22.
Just past Santiam Junction, US 20 turns west at Clear Lake (Linn County, Oregon) and crosses the mountains toward the Willamette Valley. Meanwhile, OR 126 continues south along the Clear Lake-Belknap Springs Highway to Belknap Springs and the western terminus of OR 242. From that point, OR 126 veers west as the McKenzie River Scenic Byway, flanking the McKenzie River for most of its length toward Springfield and Eugene.
In 1937, the same year a new US 99 alignment between Eugene and Junction City opened, US 28 was truncated and its western terminus moved to Glenwood (between Eugene and Springfield).
On February 1, 1952, US 28 was eliminated from the United States Numbered Highway System. The highway was redesignated US 26 between the Oregon-Idaho border and Prineville (and then continuing north and west through Portland to Astoria. The former US 28 section between Prineville and Eugene was then designated U.S. Route 126.
In 1957 the long-awaited direct route between Eugene and the coast, known as "Route F", was completed. The state of Oregon formally named the new route the Eugene-Mapleton Highway, but did not assign it a route number until 1964, when it became OR 126. Highway authorities agreed to the duplication as a temporary one, as US 126 would soon disappear under the ongoing elimination of three-digit U.S. Routes lying entirely within one state.
In 1972, the American Association of State Highway Officials dropped US 126 from its highway system. The state of Oregon promptly redesignated the Prineville-Eugene section of the former U.S. Route, and the Mapleton-Florence section of OR 36, as OR 126.
The routes of OR 126 and its predecessors have changed numerous times over the years. The original route of US 28 from Florence to Eugene ran through Junction City, and overlapped US 99 (now OR 99) from there south to Eugene. The route between Junction City and Brickerville is now OR 36; the original route of US 28 west of Brickerville is no longer on the state highway system.
In 1972, US 126 was eliminated and OR 126 through the Eugene-Springfield area was routed onto a newly constructed freeway through north and east Springfield, and then the older I-105 at Eugene. The portions of the former US 126 rolling through downtown Springfield and Eugene were designated as the OR 126 business route.
The place where OR 126 and its predecessors cross the Cascades has changed over the years. Originally, the highway was routed over McKenzie Pass, a high mountainous route that frequently was closed in winter due to poor road conditions. In 1962, the Clear Lake Cutoff was constructed between Clear Lake and Belknap Springs, connecting the McKenzie Highway to the Santiam Highway (US 20) to the north. US 126 was re-routed over the cutoff and ran concurrently with US 20 east over the Cascades to Sisters, where it resumes its original course. The stretch of the McKenzie Highway between Belknap Springs and Sisters is now designated as OR 242. OR 242 is primarily a scenic route and is not plowed in wintertime.
Currently, the route of Oregon OR 126 through western Eugene runs along several surface streets, most notably including West 11th Avenue. This route is well known in the Eugene area for traffic problems. Several projects have been proposed to deal with this; however, none has met with community approval.
A new proposed alignment of OR 126, the West Eugene Parkway is being planned by transportation authorities (but is facing fierce opposition from activists opposed to the parkway). The proposed parkway, a limited-access expressway with some at-grade intersections and some interchanges, would run north of the current West 11th alignment. Transportation planners have argued that the new route is necessary to fight congestion in Eugene and its western suburbs and that the highway would facilitate traffic and growth in the year 2025. Highway opponents note that world petroleum supplies will likely be in decline long before the road would be completed, and therefore modest fixes to existing roads would be sufficient.
The Roosevelt Freeway was a freeway proposed in the 1960s and planned in the 1970s, which would serve as a new alignment of OR 126 through west Eugene. It was cancelled in 1978 due to community opposition.
Construction on the parkway was set to begin in 2006 though land-use appeals and lack of funding delayed and ultimately prevented groundbreaking on the project.
The freeway was proposed to go north of the current OR 126 alignment along West 11th Avenue, Roosevelt Boulevard and the Willamette River near the Whitaker neighborhood, and connect to the current I-105 just south of the Washington-Jefferson Street Bridge. (A proposed eastward extension of the project, the Skinner Butte Freeway, never made it off the drawing board).
The freeway was designed to solve a longstanding traffic issue in Eugene, the inadequacy of West 11th Avenue (a neighborhood arterial) to handle long-haul and commuter traffic. Many commuters, as well as state transportation officials, strongly desired to build the freeway. Plans for the freeway were completed in the mid-1970s, and the state of Oregon had begun buying up property for the right-of-way. A ramp stub currently exists on I-105, where the interchange with the Roosevelt Freeway would have been.
However, the freeway proved to be unpopular with Eugene residents, due to its impact on existing neighborhoods and riverfront access. In 1978, the so-called "T-2000" transportation plan was adopted, which effectively killed the Roosevelt Freeway by removing it from the plan's list of transportation projects. The plan did call for an east–west corridor through west Eugene, but for a scaled-down version. The mothballed West Eugene Parkway, a non-freeway route on a similar alignment, was seen by supporters and critics alike as an implementation of these plans.
West Eugene Parkway
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)
The West Eugene Parkway, or WEP, was a proposed re-alignment of OR 126 through the western parts of Eugene and its suburbs. OR 126 runs through west Eugene along several surface streets, including West 11th Avenue, which is well known for its traffic problems. The proposed route, a limited-access expressway with some at-grade intersections and one interchange, would have run north of the current West 11th alignment, terminating at the western terminus of the Sixth-Seventh Avenue couplet carrying OR 99 through west Eugene. The project proved to be highly controversial. In July 2006, ODOT suspended work on it, and recommended a no-build alternative to the Federal Highway Administration.
Transportation planners argued that the new route is necessary to fight traffic congestion in Eugene and its western suburbs and that the highway would facilitate traffic and growth in the year 2025.
Opponents to the parkway have several reasons for their objection:
- The route is not needed; further road construction is a symptom of urban sprawl and better land use planning is the solution
- The route will encourage further development and urban sprawl in west Eugene
- World petroleum supplies will likely be in decline long before the road would be completed, and therefore modest fixes to existing roads would be sufficient
- The proposed route will disrupt environmentally-sensitive areas, including wetlands near the proposed alignment
- The parkway is just a resurrection of the old Roosevelt Freeway proposal (canceled in 1972), and calling the proposed project a "parkway" is deceptive
- The proposed route will just dump more traffic in Eugene's downtown core. The project fails the federally mandated "independent utility" test, and is thus illegal, because public transportation projects must be self-standing, according to federal law. It is alleged that construction of the parkway will raise traffic on Sixth and Seventh Avenues to unacceptable levels, requiring construction of a new highway through downtown. If such a design element was included in the current plan, such inclusion would likely lead to its cancellation.
- Funds spent on the project (officially $169 million) would be better spent on other improvements to the area transportation network.
- Over the past 20 years Eugene City Planning required businesses build along the West 11th corridor to place their parking lots behind their buildings, resulting in many buildings erected close to the existing street. Construction of the proposed parkway would require widening of the current road, forcing many of these businesses to close or relocate. Consequently, the project was opposed by many business owners along the route.
On June 18 and 19, 2001, the City of Eugene, Lane County, the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), among others, held a two-day "West Eugene Charrette" to discuss the future of the project. Most participants were supporters of the highway, but at the end of the conference agreed to select the "no-build" option. This consensus was not implemented, although ODOT and FHWA continued to spend millions, for a time, on the environmental impact statement.
Supporters, and the government agencies involved in the planning of the project, pointed to the fact that the parkway proposal has been approved by city voters in two referendum elections, most recently in 2001. Opponents note that the election was 51 to 49, and that proponents claimed "The Money Is There" when selling the project. The official price tag for the WEP was $88 million in 2001, but a 2004 estimate by local and state governments predicts the cost is really $169 million. Few WEP proponents support tax increases to pay for the highway.
On October 26, 2005, the Eugene City Council voted 5-4 to withdraw the city's support for the project, although the City of Eugene has continued its agreement with ODOT to assume responsibility for maintaining part of the road. The city also owns the property for the parkway that has not yet been transferred to the BLM nature preserve for conservation and restoration.
In July 2006, ODOT withdrew its support of the project, effectively stopping further progress.
Note: mileposts do not reflect actual mileage due to realignments.
|Lane||Florence||0.02||0.032||US 101 – Yachats, Newport, Reedsport, Coos Bay|
|Mapleton||14.40||23.17||OR 36 east – Swisshome, Junction City|
|Veneta||46.92||75.51||OR 200 (Territorial Highway) – Elmira, Veneta|
|West end of formerly proposed West Eugene Parkway|
OR 569 north (Beltline Highway) to I-5 / OR 99 – Santa Clara, Springfield
|122.26||196.76||OR 99 north – Eugene Airport, Junction City||West end of OR 99 overlap|
|123.10||198.11||Blair Boulevard||Former Junction City-Eugene Highway|
|123.30||198.43||Jefferson Street – Lane County Fairgrounds|
OR 99 south / OR 126 Bus. east – Downtown Eugene, Springfield
|East end of OR 99 overlap; west end of freeway and I-105 overlap|
|0.89||1.43||1||Delta Highway to OR 569 (Beltline Highway)|
|1.96||3.15||2||Country Club Road, Coburg Road – Downtown Eugene|
|Springfield||3.50||5.63||4|| I-5 – Roseburg, Salem|
|East end of I-105 overlap; signed as exits 4A (south) and 4B (north); I-5 exits 194A-B|
|4.67||7.52||—||OR 528 south – Springfield City Center|
|7.51||12.09||—||42nd Street – Marcola||Western access to Weyerhaeuser Complex|
|9.05||14.56||52nd Street||Eastern access to Weyerhaeuser Complex|
|9.05||14.56||East end of freeway|
OR 126 Bus. west – Springfield City Center
|OR 242 east (Scenic Route) – McKenzie Pass|
|US 20 west – Sweet Home, Lebanon, Albany||West end of US 20 overlap|
|Santiam Junction||74.90||120.54||OR 22 west – Detroit, Salem|
|OR 242 west (Scenic Route) – McKenzie Pass|
|93.07||149.78||US 20 east – Bend, Burns||East end of US 20 overlap|
|||107.43||172.89||—||Cline Falls Highway||Interchange|
|US 97 – Madras, Portland, Bend, Klamath Falls|
|Crook||Powell Butte||6.84||11.01||Bozarth Road||Former Powell Butte Highway|
|Prineville||17.92||28.84||OR 370 west (O'Neil Highway) – O'Neil, Terrebonne|
|18.16||29.23||US 26 – Madras, Portland, Prineville City Center, John Day|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Oregon Route 126". worldofsigns.com. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
- "Interstate-Guide.com". Interstate-Guide.com. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- "Officer Chris Kilcullen Memorial Highway signs unveiled, dedicated". KMTR-TV.
- "Knowles Creek Tunnel / Ralph A Peterson Tunnel 7139, Lane County, Oregon, Tunnel [Mapleton USGS Topographic Map] by MyTopo". www.mytopo.com. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- "Mapleton tunnel to be renamed". Eugene Register-Guard. October 22, 1988. p. 2B. Retrieved July 22, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search.
- "The Oregonian, Your Government, 2015 Session, Senate Bill 5, Provides that portion of State Highway 126 between Florence and Eugene shall be known as William Tebeau Memorial Highway". Oregon Live. 2016. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- "McKenzie River Scenic Byway". Travel Oregon.
- "Federal Number Due State Roads". Corvallis Gazette-Times. January 11, 1952. p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Road Board Ends Tour". Albany Democrat-Herald. UPI. July 16, 1964. p. 8. Retrieved December 23, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Governor Lauds Lane Highways". Eugene Register-Guard. October 26, 1967. p. B1. Retrieved July 22, 2020 – via Google News Archive.
- "Interstate 105". oroads.com. Retrieved October 2, 2007.
- East of McKenzie Bridge Archived December 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- "Eugene's 1967 Highway Plan". Permatopia.com. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Northwest Region- Region 2 West Eugene Parkway Project Archived May 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Report on WEP charette". Permatopia.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2006. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Oregon Department of Transportation, Public Road Inventory Archived February 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine (primarily the Digital Video Log), accessed April 2008
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