Oregon State Police
|Oregon State Police|
Patch of the Oregon State Police
Badge of the Oregon State Police
|Formed||August 1, 1931|
|Employees||1,135 (as of 2004)|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Oregon, USA|
|Size||98,466 square miles (255,030 km2)|
|Population||3,747,455 (2007 est.)|
|Troopers||621 (as of 2004)|
|Civilians||514 (as of 2004)|
|Agency executive||Richard Evans Jr., Superintendent|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The agency differs from other state police, such as the California Highway Patrol, in that their primary focus is not limited to highway and traffic enforcement. The OSP is also the only law enforcement agency in the United States that monitors the security of the state lottery.
Oregon State Police has primary jurisdiction on state highways and all other state owned property, and it often responds to incidents in rural areas when other local agencies are unable to respond or need extra assistance.
The Oregon State Police began operating on August 1, 1931. The organization was designed by a committee appointed by Governor Julius L. Meier, who made a survey of some of the most successful state law enforcement agencies across North America, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the New Jersey State Police, the Texas Rangers, the Pennsylvania State Police, and others. They took on the responsibilities that were previously handled by the State Highway Commission, the Fish and Game Commission, the Secretary of State, the Prohibition Commissioner, and the State Fire Marshal. OSP's first Superintendent (head) was Charles Pray, State Parole Officer and a former Department of Justice Agent. Mr. Pray set up four OSP districts in the state and thirty-one patrol stations. He began his duties on June 7, 1931, about two months before the State Police began operating.
Harold Maison, formerly with the State Traffic Division, was appointed as Chief Clerk and was stationed at General Headquarters in Salem. He was charged with setting up and maintaining a system of reports and records for the OSP.
Captain George Alexander was placed in charge of the Bureau of Identification and Investigation and charged with the investigational activities of the Department. On January 1, 1932, he was appointed Deputy Superintendent, a served a position he held until his installment as Warden of the State Penitentiary in 1938.
Charles McClees, previously with the State Game Commission, was appointed as captain and placed in charge of game and commercial fish enforcement.
Criminal Investigation Division
- This division's primary duty is to assist other law enforcement agencies throughout the state of Oregon with Criminal Justice Investigations. Within the Criminal Investigation Division there are sub-divisions, those are Major Crimes Section; Drug Enforcement Section; Arson/Explosives Section; and Investigative Reports Section. Over all there are more than 40 local, county, and federal agencies that participate in this division.
Fish and wildlife
- The Fish and Wildlife division primarily enforces laws and ordinances surrounding wildlife. They also enforce traffic code and laws.
In 1993, the Oregon Legislature approved legislation that included the previously autonomous organizations of the Oregon State Fire Marshal's Office, Law Enforcement Data System, Oregon Emergency Management, and the Oregon Boxing and Wrestling Commission within the Department of State Police.
- Oregon State Police (official website)
- "Oregon State Police – Administrative Overview" (PDF). Oregon Blue Book (Online). Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2012.