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Oreophrynella quelchii.jpg
Oreophrynella quelchii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Oreophrynella
Boulenger, 1895
Type species
Oreophryne quelchii
Boulenger, 1895

9 species; see table.


Oreophryne Boulenger, 1895 — junior homonym of Oreophryne Boettger, 1895

Oreophrynella (bush toads) is a genus of true toads native to the tepuis of southern Venezuela and adjacent Guyana.[1][2] The distribution of some species is restricted to a couple of tepuis or even a single tepui, as in the case of Oreophrynella weiassipuensis, which occurs on Wei-Assipu-tepui.[3]


Oreophrynella are small frogs, less than 26 mm (1.0 in) in snout–vent length. They are characterized by opposable digits of the foot, dorsal skin that bears tubercules, and direct development.[3]


There are nine species.[1][2]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Oreophrynella cryptica Señaris, 1995
Oreophrynella dendronastes Lathrop and MacCulloch, 2007
Oreophrynella huberi Diego-Aransay and Gorzula, 1990 Bolivar bush toad
Oreophrynella macconnelli Boulenger, 1900 MacConnell's bush toad
Oreophrynella nigra Señaris, Ayarzagüena, and Gorzula, 1994 Pebble toad
Oreophrynella quelchii Boulenger, 1895 Roraima bush toad
Oreophrynella seegobini Kok, 2009
Oreophrynella vasquezi Señaris, Ayarzagüena, and Gorzula, 1994
Oreophrynella weiassipuensis Señaris, DoNascimento, and Villarreal, 2005


  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Oreophrynella Boulenger, 1895". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Señaris, Josefa Celsa; DoNascimiento, Carlos; Villarreal, Osvaldo (2005). "A new species of the genus Oreophrynella (Anura; Bufonidae) from the Guiana highlands". Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo). 45 (6): 61–67. doi:10.1590/S0031-10492005000600001. 

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