This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Succeeded by:||Izyaslav class|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Length:||98 m (321 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||3 m (9 ft 10 in)|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)|
The Orfey-class destroyers were built for the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy. They were modified versions of the earlier destroyer Novik and the Derzky class. These ships were larger, had triple torpedo tubes and an extra 102 mm (4.0 in) gun. One ship, Engels, was fitted with a 305 mm (12 in) recoilless rifle for testing in 1934. Fourteen ships were completed in 1914–1917 and fought in World War I and during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. The survivors fought in World War II.
renamed Karl Liebknecht
|29 Oct 1915||Transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet. Broken up 1950s|
|4 Nov 1914||Scuttled 24 June 1941 at Liepāja, Latvia while under repair|
|27 Aug 1915||Transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet. Broken up 1950s|
|Kapitan Konon-Zotov||23 Oct 1915||Broken up incomplete 1923|
|Kapitan Kroun||5 Aug 1916||Broken up incomplete 1923|
|Kapitan I ranga Miklucha Maklai
renamed Spartak (1917)
renamed Almirante Villar
|27 Aug 1915||Captured by the British in 1918, given to the Estonian Navy and sold by the Estonians to Peru in 1933. Scrapped in 1954 ref|
|Lieutenant Dubasov||9 Sep 1916||Broken up incomplete 1923|
|28 Nov 1914||transferred to the Soviet Pacific Fleet. Broken up 1950s|
Built at Metal Works, St Petersburg (Petrograd)
|Orfei||5 Jun 1916||Broken up 1929, after sustaining irreparable mine damage in 1917|
|5 Jun 1916||Sank British submarine L55 during the Russian Civil War, sunk 28 August 1941 by mines|
|4 Nov 1915||Sunk 25 Aug 1941 by mines|
|Grom||5 Jun 1915||Sunk 14 Oct 1917, during the Battle of Moon Sound|
|Letun||4 Nov 1915||Broken up 1925, after sustaining irreparable mine damage in 1916, Mine was laid by SM UC-27|
|5 Nov 1914||Sunk 28 August 1941|
|5 Jun 1915||transferred to the Soviet Pacific fleet via the Arctic in 1936, Broken up 1953|
|5 Nov 1914||transferred to the Northern Fleet, Sunk as a target during nuclear test in 1953|
|Gavril||5 Jan 1915||Helped sink British submarine L55 and three British motor boats. Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 together with sister ships Konstantin and Svoboda during an attempted sortie to support Red Army forces defending Petrograd against the advance of Yudenich's white forces. The accompanying Azard managed to manoeuvre out of the minefield but 485 men were lost.|
|Konstantin||12 Jun 1915||Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 in the same operation as Gavril.|
|18 Aug 1915||Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 in the same operation as Gavril.|
|Mikhail||1916||towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923|
|Mechislav||1916||towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923|
|Sokol||1917||towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923|
- Breyer, Siegfried (1992). Soviet Warship Development: Volume 1: 1917–1937. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-604-3.
- Budzbon, Przemysaw (1984). "Russia". In Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (eds.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 291–325. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Budzbon, Przemysaw (1980). "Soviet Union". In Chesneau, Roger (ed.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. pp. 318–346. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
- Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.
- Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7.
- Hill, Alexander (2018). Soviet Destroyers of World War II. New Vanguard. 256. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-2256-7.
- Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
- Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1.
- Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
- Yakubov, Vladimir & Worth, Richard (2008). Raising the Red Banner: A Pictorial History of Stalin's Fleet. Gloucestershire, UK: Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-450-1.