Organic clothing

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Organic clothing is clothing made from materials raised in on in or grown in compliance with organic agricultural standards.[citation needed] Organic clothing may be composed of cotton, jute, silk, ramie, or wool.[1][unreliable source?] Retailers charge more for organic clothing because the source of the clothing's fiber are free from herbicides, pesticides, or genetically modified seeds.[2][unreliable source?] Textiles do not need to be 100% organic to use the organic label.[3]

Benefits[edit]

Authentic organic fabrics and clothing can help the environment in a number of ways, such as:[4]

  • No synthetic pesticides are used [5]
  • Organic cotton farming produces far less CO2 emissions - Organic farming takes 1.5 tons of CO2 per acre per year are taken out of the atmosphere [5]
  • Organic cotton farming uses up to 60% less water than conventional farming methods [5]
  • Pesticide or herbicide residues are not entered accidentally into the environment
  • Humans and animals are not exposed to chemical pesticides or herbicides
  • When the fabric is discarded, pesticides and herbicides are not returned to the earth in landfill, or enter into recycling process.

Cotton covers 2.5% of the world's cultivated land yet uses 16% of the world's insecticides, more than any other single major crop.[6][unreliable source?] It can take almost a 1/3 pound of synthetic fertilizers to grow one pound of raw cotton in the US, and it takes just under one pound of raw cotton to make one t-shirt.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Begley, Ed (2008). Living Like Ed: A Guide to the Eco-Friendly Life. Clarkson Potter. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-307-39643-3. 
  2. ^ Plunkett, Jack W. Plunkett's apparel and textiles industry almanac. Plunkett Research Ltd. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1-59392-110-1. 
  3. ^ "Policy Memorandum" (PDF). USDA (May 20 2011). Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Martínez-Torres, Maria Elena (2006). Organic coffee: sustainable development by Mayan farmers. Ohio University Press. pp. 119–120. ISBN 978-0-89680-247-6. 
  5. ^ a b c Minney, S. (2011). Naked Fashion: The new sustainable fashion revolution. New Internationalist Publications
  6. ^ EJF. (2007). The deadly chemicals in cotton. Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK: London, UK. ISBN No. 1-904523-10-2.
  7. ^ Lauresn, S. E., Hansen, J., Knudsen, H. H., Wenzel, H., Larsen, H. F., & Kristensen, F. M. (2007). EDIPTEX: Environmental assessment of textiles. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, working report 24.