Organic clothing

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Organic clothing is clothing made from materials raised in on in or grown in compliance with organic agricultural standards.[citation needed] Organic clothing may be composed of cotton, jute, silk, ramie, or wool.[1][unreliable source?] Retailers charge more for organic clothing because the source of the clothing's fiber are free from herbicides, pesticides, or genetically modified seeds.[2][unreliable source?] Textiles do not need to be 100% organic to use the organic label.[3] A more general term is organic textiles, which includes both apparel and home textiles. The technical requirements in terms of certification and origin generally remain same for organic clothing and organic textiles.

Benefits[edit]

Authentic organic fabrics and clothing can help the environment in a number of ways, such as:[4][unreliable source?]

  • No synthetic pesticides are used [5]
  • Organic cotton farming produces far less CO2 emissions - Organic farming takes 1.5 tons of CO2 per acre per year are taken out of the atmosphere [5][unreliable source?]
  • Organic cotton farming uses up to 60% less water than conventional farming methods [5][unreliable source?]
  • Pesticide or herbicide residues are not entered accidentally into the environment[citation needed]
  • Humans and animals are not exposed to chemical pesticides or herbicides[citation needed]
  • When the fabric is discarded, pesticides and herbicides are not returned to the earth in landfill, or enter into recycling process.[citation needed]

Cotton covers 2.5% of the world's cultivated land yet uses 16% of the world's insecticides, more than any other single major crop.[6][unreliable source?] It can take almost a 1/3 pound of synthetic fertilizers to grow one pound of raw cotton in the US, and it takes just under one pound of raw cotton to make one t-shirt.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Begley, Ed (2008). Living Like Ed: A Guide to the Eco-Friendly Life. Clarkson Potter. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-307-39643-3. 
  2. ^ Plunkett, Jack W. Plunkett's apparel and textiles industry almanac. Plunkett Research Ltd. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1-59392-110-1. 
  3. ^ "Policy Memorandum" (PDF). USDA (May 20 2011). Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Martínez-Torres, Maria Elena (2006). Organic coffee: sustainable development by Mayan farmers. Ohio University Press. pp. 119–120. ISBN 978-0-89680-247-6. 
  5. ^ a b c Minney, S. (2011). Naked Fashion: The new sustainable fashion revolution. New Internationalist Publications
  6. ^ EJF. (2007). The deadly chemicals in cotton. Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK: London, UK. ISBN No. 1-904523-10-2.
  7. ^ Lauresn, S. E., Hansen, J., Knudsen, H. H., Wenzel, H., Larsen, H. F., & Kristensen, F. M. (2007). EDIPTEX: Environmental assessment of textiles. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, working report 24.