Organic laser

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Liquid organic dye laser system excited by a copper vapor laser.

Organic lasers use an organic material as the gain medium. The first organic laser was the liquid dye laser.[1][2] These lasers use laser dye solutions as their gain media.

Solid-state dye lasers are organic tunable lasers that use a variety of organic gain media, such as:

  • laser dye-doped polymers (DDP),[3]
  • laser dye-doped ormosil (DDO),[4]
  • laser dye-doped polymer-nanoparticle (DDPN) matrices.[5]

DDO and DDPN gain media are subsets of a larger class of organic-inorganic hybrid materials used as laser matrices.[6][7]

Other types of solid-state organic lasers include the organic semiconductor lasers that use conjugated polymers as gain media.[8][9][10] These semiconductor materials can also be configured as "neat films."[11]

Organic lasers are inherently tunable and when configured as optimized multiple-prism grating laser oscillators can yield efficient single-transverse mode, and single-longitudinal-mode, emission with laser linewidths as narrow as 350 MHz (approximately 0.0004 nm at a wavelength of 590 nm), in the high-power pulsed regime.[12]

Organic solid-state narrow-linewidth tunable dye laser oscillator using a dye-doped polymer as gain medium.[13]

Organic lasers are also available in distributed feedback configurations[14] [15] and distributed feedback waveguides.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P. P. Sorokin and J. R. Lankard, Stimulated emission observed from an organic dye, chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine, IBM J. Res. Dev. 10, 162-163 (1966).
  2. ^ F. P. Schäfer, W. Schmidt, and J. Volze, Organic dye solution laser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 306-309 (1966).
  3. ^ B. H. Soffer and B. B. McFarland, Continuously tunable narrow-band organic dye lasers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 266-267 (1967).
  4. ^ B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, and O. M. Stafsudd, Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials, Proc. SPIE 1328, 174-182 (1990).
  5. ^ F. J. Duarte and R. O. James, Tunable solid-state lasers incorporating dye-doped polymer-nanoparticle gain media, Opt. Lett. 28, 2088-2090 (2003).
  6. ^ A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, Solid-state dye lasers, in Tunable Laser Applications, 2nd Edition, F. J. Duarte, Ed. (CRC, New York, 2009) Chapter 3.
  7. ^ A. Costela, L. Cerdan, I. García-Moreno, Solid-state dye lasers with scattering feedback, Prog. Quantum Electron. 37, 348-382 (2013).
  8. ^ I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, Organic semiconductor lasers, Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007).
  9. ^ C. Karnutsch, Low Threshold Organic Thin Film Laser Devices (Cuvillier, Göttingen, 2007).
  10. ^ A. J. C. Kuehne and M. C. Gather, Organic Lasers: Recent Developments on Materials, Device Geometries, and Fabrication Techniques, Chem. Rev. 116, 12823-12864 (2016).
  11. ^ A. K. Bansal and A. Penzkofer, Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopic characterization of 1,2,3-tris(3-methylphenylphenylamino) benzene, Chem. Phys. 352, 48-56 (2008).
  12. ^ F. J. Duarte, Multiple-prism grating solid-state dye laser oscillator: optimized architecture, Appl. Opt. 38, 6347-6349 (1999).
  13. ^ F. J. Duarte, T. S. Taylor, A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Long-pulse narrow-linewidth dispersive solid-state dye laser oscillator, Appl. Opt. 37, 3987-3989 (1998)
  14. ^ W. J. Wadsworth, I. T. McKinnie, A. D. Woolhouse, T. G. Haskell, Efficient distributed feedback solid state dye laser with a dynamic grating, Appl. Phys. B 69, 163–169 (1999).
  15. ^ X-L. Zhu, S-K. Lam, D. Lo, Distributed-feedback dye-doped solgel silica lasers, Appl. Opt. 39, 3104–3107 (2000).
  16. ^ Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, M. Maeda, Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers, Opt. Commun. 214, 277–283 (2002).