Organon model

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The organon model[1][2]

The organon model, formulated by Karl Bühler, defined the communication functions according to which linguistic communication can be described. Bühler's work influenced Roman Jakobson for his communication model.

Bühler identified the following three communicative functions:

  • the expressive function (Ausdrucksfunktion)
  • the representation function (Darstellungsfunktion)
  • the conative function (Appellfunktion, i.e. appealing function).


  1. ^ Bühler, Karl (1934). Sprachtheorie. Oxford, England: Fischer.
  2. ^ Bühler, Karl (1934/1990). The Theory of Language: The Representational Function of Language (Sprachtheorie), p. 35. Translated by Donald Fraser Goodwin. Amsterdam: John Benjamin's Publishing Company. ISSN 0168-2555.