Orhan Veli Kanık
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Statue of Orhan Veli in Aşiyan, İstanbul
|Born||Orhan Veli Kanık
13 April 1914
|Died||14 November 1950
|Alma mater||İstanbul University|
|Period||1936 – 1950|
Orhan Veli Kanık or Orhan Veli (13 April 1914, Beykoz, İstanbul – 14 November 1950, İstanbul) was a Turkish poet. Kanık is one of the founders of the Garip Movement together with Oktay Rıfat and Melih Cevdet. Aiming to fundamentally transform traditional form in Turkish poetry, he introduced colloquialisms into the poetic language. Besides his poetry Kanık crammed an impressive volume of works including essays, articles and translations into 36 short years.
Orhan Veli shunned everything old in order to be able to bring about a new 'taste', refusing to use syllable and aruz meters. He professed to regarding the rhyme primitive, literary rhetoric techniques such as metaphor, simile, hyperbole unnecessary. Set out "to do away with all tradition, everything that bygone literatures taught", although this desire of Kanık limits the technical possibilities in his poetry, the poet created new grounds for himself with the themes and personalities he covered and the vocabulary he employed. He brought the poetic language closer to the spoken language by adopting a plain phraseology. In 1941 his poems embodying these ideas were published in a poetry volume named Garip, released jointly with his friends Oktay Rıfat and Melih Cevdet, which led to the emergence of the Garip movement. This movement had a huge influence especially between the years 1945-1950 on Republican era Turkish verse. The Garip poetry is accepted as a touchstone in Turkish verse for its both destructive and constructive effects.
At first Kanık was mostly found peculiar, harshly criticized, and heaped much opprobrium upon because of these innovations he introduced to poetry. Although Orhan Veli's tradition-transgressing works were first received with bemusement and dismay, and subject to derision and contempt later, they have always aroused interest. This interest however, eventually led to an increase in understanding of, and affection and admiration for the poet.
Sait Faik Abasıyanık also has characterized as "a poet atteined to both fair name and notoriety in time; the again be amitted, the denied again, the won regocnition from time to time, the made fun of he from time to time, the most emphatical" him by calling attention to this aspect of Orhan Veli.
Although he stands out with his poetries which he has written in period of Garip, Orhan Veli had abstained to write "the single species" poetries. Kanık's literature life whom had lived the adventure of a long poem during his short life, had been renewing himself, had been searching without cease has been consisting of different stages. Oktay Rıfat has explained with his says "Orhan lived in his very short lifetime a poetry adventure for a few generations of French poets. Turkish poetry became a horsehead with Europe poetry through his pen.", and "A changing which a few generations may achieve back to back maybe he completed in a few years." this situation.
Childhood and education
Orhan Veli Kanık born in 9 numbered mansion the Çayır Street in İshak Ağa Ascent in which exists in Yalıköy due to Beykoz, on April 13, 1914. His father is Fehmi Bey's the son Mehmet Veli, the merchant with İzmir, his mother however, is Fatma Nigar, Hacı Ahmet Bey's the daughter with Beykoz. Because the name of the poet's the father is Veli, whom is Ahmet Orhan his main name, according to permit by the population the artist was known as Orhan Veli before Law on Family Names of Turkey. He was a clarinetist at Mızıka-yı Hümayun, when Orhan Veli's the father got married. After announcement of Republic in Turkey however, he became the conductor of Symphony Orchestra of Presidential. Veli Kanık lived in Ankara between the years 1923–1948 because of both his this new task and he to be a professor of harmony in Musikî Muallim Mektebi (Music Teachers School) (Ankara Conservatory). Veli Bey who did also managership in Ankara Radio for a while during this period worked as a scientific board member in Istanbul Conservatory and an audio specialist in İstanbul Radio in later-years. Orhan Veli had two younger siblings from himself. These is Adnan Veli Kanık of Vatan Newspaper reporters and Füruzan Yolyapan. It is told that the poet had also a sister named Ayşe Zerrin whom died in Ankara while she was at the age of one. Orhan Veli's childhood spent in Beykoz, Beşiktaş and Cihangir. He continued to master class of Anafartalar Primary School where exists in Akarets during the truce. After a year however, he was delivered as boarding to Galatasaray High School by be removed from this school. He was circumcised at a wedding, at which Caliph Abdülmecit had organized in Yıldız Palace while was at the age of seven.
Orhan Veli was born in Istanbul. His father was a conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra. His younger brother, Adnan Veli, was a well known journalist whose memoir of his time in prison on political charges, "Mahpushane Çeşmesi (The Prison Fountain)", was published in 1952. Orhan Veli studied at the Ankara Gazi High School before he started his university education which lasted one year at Istanbul University's philosophy department before dropping out in 1935. He was employed by the Ministry of Education as a translator from 1945 to 1947. Later, he worked as a freelance translator and journalist. In 1949, he helped the publication of Yaprak, a literary magazine. As also evidenced from the contents of some of his deeply humorous poetry, he was a heavy drinker. His death was due to a brain hemorrhage a few days after he fell into a pot hole on the street while intoxicated.
He is known for advocating a poetry without excessive stylistic elements and adjectives, and preferring a style closer to free-verse - see Orga, Ates (ed.) (2007) "Portrait of a City" Istanbul: A Collection of the Poetry of Place Eland, London, p. 50, ISBN 978-0-9550105-9-0, citing Halman. He is known for his unique voice, and depth of emotion underlying the seemingly easy-coming nature of his verse. His poetry is highly admired by the public as well as in academic circles.
Although howsoever he looms large with his poetries which he has written in Garip period, Orhan Veli had refrained to write "the single kind" of poetries.
- Garip (Together with Oktay Rifat and Melih Cevdet, 1941)
- Garip (1945)
- Vazgeçemediğim (1945)
- Destan Gibi (1946)
- Yenisi (1947)
- Karşı (1949)
- Collected Poems (1951, 1975)
Güneş/Sol, Leonardo da Fonseca (trad.), (n.t.) Revista Literária em Tradução, nº 2 (mar/2011), Fpolis/Brasil, ISSN 2177-5141
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orhan Veli Kanık.|
- Just for the Hell of It — a website with many of Orhan Veli's poems, as translated by Talat Sait Halman
- Poems By Orhan Veli — a website with Orhan Veli's poems, as translated by Murat Nemet Nejat
- Official Web Site — official web site of Orhan Veli Kanık