Oriental bay owl

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Oriental bay owl
Oriental bay owl, Phodilus badius - Khao Yai National Park.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
Genus: Phodilus
Species: P. badius
Binomial name
Phodilus badius
(Horsfield, 1821)
  • P. b. badius
    (Southeast Asian bay owl)
  • P. b. saturatus
    (Sikkim bay owl)
  • P. b. ripleyi
    (Peninsular bay owl)
  • P. b. arixuthus
    (Natuna bay owl)
  • P. b. parvus
    (Belitung bay owl)

The oriental bay owl (Phodilus badius) is a type of bay owl, usually classified with barn owls. It is completely nocturnal, and can be found throughout Southeast Asia. It has several subspecies. It has a heart-shaped face with earlike extensions. The Congo bay owl (Phodilus prigoginei) was formerly classified as a subspecies of Oriental bay owl due to insufficient knowledge, but it has turned out that it might not even belong to the same genus. The Sri Lanka bay owl was also considered a subspecies.

A population of this species has apparently become extinct on Samar Island in the Philippines during the 20th century. It was described as Phodilus badius riverae and was only ever known from a single specimen, which was lost in a bombing raid in 1945. The validity of this taxon is uncertain; it is usually synonymized with the nominate subspecies (for reasons of biogeography) or the subspecies saturatus (from external appearance); it might be a distinct species, however.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Phodilus badius". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22727641A94955098. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22727641A94955098.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.

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