Oriental rug

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An authentic oriental rug is a handmade carpet from the "Orient" that is either knotted or woven with pile or woven without pile. Handmade oriental rugs are woven using various materials such as silk, wool, and cotton.

Oriental rug are made in Asian countries such as China and Vietnam in the east, Turkey, Maghreb, Cyprus and Iran in the west, the Caucasus in the north, and India and Pakistan in the south. People from different cultures, countries, racial groups and religious faiths are involved in the production of oriental rugs. Oriental rugs are organized by origin: Persian rugs, Pakistani rugs, Arabian rugs, Anatolian rugs, Kurdish rugs, Caucasian rugs, Central Asian rugs, Turkestanian (Turkmen, Turkoman) rugs, Chinese rugs, Tibetan rugs and Indian rugs.

In the Occident, the collecting of oriental rugs as an art form really began in the 1880s. It was confirmed by two exhibitions. The first exhibition of oriental rugs was in 1891 consisting mostly of the rugs of the Imperial House of Habsburg, but including some from private collections as well. The second, and more influential, was in London in 1892, and was capped by the sale of a single carpet for £2,500.[1]

The world record for an oriental rug was set at a Sotheby's Auction where a 17th Century Persian Kerman sold for $33.7 million.[2]



  1. ^ Erdmann, Kurt (1970). Seven Hundred Years of Oriental Carpets. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-520-01816-7.  (translated from the German Siebenhundert Jahre Orientteppich by May H. Beattie and Hildegard Herzog)
  2. ^ Osborne, Hannah (16 June 2013). "Persian Rug Sells For World Record $33.7m". ibtimes.co.uk. International Business Times. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 

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