|Founded||1 August 1971|
|Type||National sport governing body|
|United States of America|
Orienteering USA (OUSA), formerly United States Orienteering Federation (USOF), is the national governing body for orienteering in the United States. It is recognized by the International Orienteering Federation and the United States Olympic Committee. It was founded on 1 August 1971. Orienteering USA is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. There are 55 current member clubs. There are approximately 1,500 family and individual members.
The first known competitive orienteering events in the U.S. were held from 1941 to 1943 in New Hampshire by a Finnish army officer named Piltti Heiskanen. There were military orienteering events at West Point Military Academy in New York state by 1966 and at Quantico Marine Base in Virginia by 1967, where the Marine Corps Physical Fitness Academy's first public event was held on July 12, 1968 on Harald Wibye's color orienteering map, the first such map in the English-speaking world. This was also the origin of the Quantico Orienteering Club, currently the largest and most active club in the US. The Norwegian Wibye also hosted the first known public competitive orienteering event in the U.S. at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania on Nov. 5, 1967. From this event would emerge another large club in the U.S., the Delaware Valley Orienteering Association.
The most influential early benefactor to and promoter of U.S. map and compass use and orienteering, and easily the most well-read author on these topics, was Bjorn Kjellstrom, a 1930s Swedish orienteering champion. From his events with scouts as early as 1946 to his guidance and support in the 1990s, he provided impetus and inspiration. His map and compass events from 1965-67 in Westchester County, NY had competitive orienteering courses added in 1968 by Wibye. Bill Gookin's first events in 1969 in the San Diego area were the earliest known competitive public orienteering events west of the Mississippi. Kjellstrom assisted several Quantico officers is establishing the U.S. Orienteering Federation in 1971. The early 1970s would see the founding, in part, by orienteering book author Hans Bengstsson, of the New England Orienteering Club, the largest in the U.S. from the late 1970s through the 1980s.
Orienteering USA is predominantly a volunteer-run organization. It has a Board of Directors, officers and numerous committees and task forces.
OUSA states that its mission is to:
- Increase participation in the sport.
- Teach map reading and navigation skills.
- Promote enjoyment of, and respect for, the environment.
- Establish world-class competitive excellence within our national team programs.
- Adirondack Orienteering Klub
- Arctic Orienteering Club
- ARK-LA-TEX Orienteering Society
- Austin Orienteering Club
- Backwoods Orienteering Klub
- Badger Orienteering Club
- Bay Area Orienteering Club
- Buffalo Orienteering Club
- Cambridge Sports Union
- Capital Region Nordic Alliance Inc.
- Carolina Orienteering Klub
- Cascade Orienteering Club
- Central New York Orienteering
- Central Ohio Orienteering
- Chicago Area Orienteering Club
- City of Trees Orienteering Club
- Columbia River Orienteering Club
- Delaware Valley Orienteering Association
- Eastern Washington Orienteering Club
- Empire Orienteering Club
- Florida Orienteering Club
- Forest Scouts Orienteering Organization
- Georgia Orienteering Club
- Gold Country Orienteers
- Greater Phoenix Orienteering Club
- Green Mountain Orienteering Club
- Houston Orienteering Club
- Hudson Valley Orienteering
- Illinois River Valley Orienteering Club
- Indiana Crossroads Orienteering
- Laramie Range Orienteering Club
- Long Island Orienteering Club
- Los Angeles Orienteering Club
- Miami Valley Orienteering Club
- Minnesota Orienteering Club
- New England Orienteering Club
- New Mexico Orienteers
- North Eastern Ohio Orienteering Club
- North Texas Orienteering Association
- Oregon Cascades Orienteering Klub
- Orienteer Kansas
- Orienteering Club of Cincinnati
- Orienteering Louisville
- Orienteering Utah
- Possum Trot Orienteering Club
- Quantico Orienteering Club
- Rochester Orienteering Club
- Rocky Mountain Orienteering Club
- Sammamish Orienteering Club
- San Diego Orienteering
- Southern Michigan Orienteering Club
- St. Louis Orienteering Club
- Susquehanna Valley Orienteering
- Tucson Orienteering Club
- Up North Orienteers
- U.S. Military Academy Orienteering Club
- Vulcan Orienteering Club
- Western Connecticut Orienteering Club
- Western Pennsylvania Orienteering Club
- "The History of Orienteering in the U.S." Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- "Member Federations". International Orienteering Federation. Archived from the original on 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Leadership". orienteeringusa.org. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Board of Diectors". Orienteering USA. Retrieved 3 October 2015.