Original Church of God or Sanctified Church
The Original Church of God or Sanctified Church is an association of holiness Christian churches headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee. The members and clergy of the churches are predominantly African-American. The official name of the body is The Original Church of God or Sanctified Church, General Body.
The church's roots are in the holiness movement. In the 1890s a group of African American Baptist ministers, led by Charles Price Jones and Charles Harrison Mason, were dismissed by the Baptist Church for preaching sanctification. After a number of unaffiliated revivals, a church was formed in Jackson, Mississippi, by Jones, Mason, and others. Originally called the "Church of God", it was soon renamed the "Church of God in Christ" and had affiliated churches in a number of cities. During this time an elder of the church, Charles W. Gray formed a number of Church of God in Christ churches in and around Nashville.
The Church of God in Christ split in 1907 over the issue of pentecostalism, with both factions continuing to use the name "Church of God in Christ" until 1915 when the pentecostal faction, led by Mason, incorporated under that name, Church of God in Christ. The non-pentecostal faction led by Jones began using the name Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A., and incorporated under that name in 1920. At the time of the 1907 schism, Gray's churches also split from the Church of God in Christ. Though they were also non-pentecostal and were doctrinally identical to Jones' faction, they were independent from Jones' body and were congregational in organization. Gray's churches were known by the name "Church of God (Sanctified Church)". In 1927 the Church of God (Sanctified Church) incorporated under the name "Church of God, or Sanctified Church" (subsequently changed to "Church of God Sanctified, Incorporated") and created a board of elders as its governing body. The new board approved the ordination of women, which Gray opposed, and in that same year Gray and a group of members broke away to form a new body, the "Original Church of God or Sanctified Church." Both bodies still exist today.
Gray remained the leader of the church until his death in 1945, followed by William Crosby until 1952, and T.R. Jeffries.
Churches and membership
- "Entity Detail, Original Church of God or Sanctified Church, General Body". Business Information Search. Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- Melton, J. Gordon (Ed.) (2003). Encyclopedia of American Religions, 7th Ed. Gale. p. 425. ISBN 0-7876-6384-0.
- Dupree, Sherry S., African-American Holiness Pentecostal Movement: An Annotated Bibliography, Routledge, September 13, 2013, p. 254 ISBN 978-0824014490
- Jones, Charles Edwin. Black Holiness: A Guide to the Study of Black Participation in Wesleyan Perfectionist and Glossolalic Pentecostal Movements. American Theological Library Association/Scarecrow. p. 58. ISBN 0-8108-1948-1.
- "Entity Detail, Church of God, or Sanctified Church". Business Information Search. Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- "Historical Statement". Original Church of God. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- "Annual Report 2008-2009" (PDF). Metro Social Services. p. 6. Retrieved 21 October 2010.