|Motto: Muy Noble, Leal y Siempre Fiel Ciudad de Orihuela|
|Autonomous community||Valencian Community|
|Comarca||Vega Baja del Segura|
|• Alcalde||Monserrate Guillén (2011) (Confederation of the Greens)|
|• Total||365.44 km2 (141.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||236 m (774 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||03300 (centro), 03189 (costa), and in their parishes: 03310-03318, 03320, 03369, 03689.|
Orihuela (Spanish pronunciation: [oriˈwela], Valencian: Oriola [oɾiˈɔla]) is a city and municipality located at the feet of the Sierra de Orihuela mountains in the province of Alicante, Spain. The city of Orihuela had a population of 32,472 inhabitants in the beginning of 2006. The municipality has a total area of 367.19 km², and stretches all the way down to the Mediterranean coast, west of Torrevieja, and had a total population of 77,949 inhabitants in the beginning of 2006. This includes not only the city of Orihuela, but also the coastal tourist centre (urbanización turística) of Dehesa de Campoamor with 21,659 inhabitants (2006) and a few other villages.
Orihuela is the capital of the region of the "Vega Baja del Segura" (natural region of the Segura River); it has been the capital of a province and even of a kingdom. The city was named the first city of the province of Alicante, 11 September 1437.
In 1053 the principality of Murcia, part of the Kingdom of Denia, is created. In 1086 the principality of Murcia becomes independent from Denia. In 1212 the area passed to the Kingdom of Murcia.
In 1304 Orihuela was considered to be on the border between the kingdoms of Castile and Aragón. In 1366 it passed to the kingdom of Valencia.
In 1437, it was declared a city and in 1707, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor made Orihuela capital of the province of Orihuela. In 1737 Alicante, Elche, Monforte, Jijona, Villajoyosa, Agost, Busot, San Juan or Muchamiel became independent from the province of Orihuela, forming the one of Alicante.
1799 Orihuela was part of the province of Alicante. In 1810, Napoleon made Orihuela part of the Department of Segura with the capital at Murcia. In 1822, Orihuela passed to the province of Murcia. 1833 it became part of the province of Alicante. In 1920 nationalistic movements spoke of Orihuela as belonging to the "country of Murcia."
Between 1988 and 2006 various research studies from the Universities of Andalusia, Castile and Murcia demonstrated that Orihuela was more culturally part of Murcia than Valencia in terms of phonetics, lexicon, architecture, agriculture, folclore, musical celebrations, instruments, language, burial customs, gastronomy and varieties.
City and suburbs
The municipality had a total population of 77,979 inhabitants in the beginning of 2006, of which the city of Orihuela only accommodated 32,472 of them. Another major locality within the municipality is the tourist centre of Dehesa de Campoamor, located on the coast, more than 20 km from Orihuela. It had 21,659 inhabitants in the beginning of 2006.
The metropolitan area of Orihuela includes the eleven municipalities of Orihuela, Benejúzar, Benferri, Beniel, Bigastro, Callosa de Segura, Cox, Jacarilla, Rafal, Redován and Santomera. It had a total population of 151,358 inhabitants in the beginning of 2006, and a total area of 510,3 km².
The most important architectonic monuments of Orihuela are an Arabic castle with its towers, a Catholic cathedral built between the 14th and 16th centuries and the Baroque church of Santo Domingo. While staying in this municipality, it is imperative to visit the monumental city. Its Historic-Artistic Site has five National Monuments and an urban layout that is the result of its former rank as a University Centre and Episcopal See. We must highlight two of its holiday celebrations: the processions of Holy Week, and the parades of Moors and Christians, in July.
- Población de España – datos y mapas
- Although Orihuela is in one of the Spanish-speaking areas of the Valencian Community, it also has the Valencian name Oriola.
- Official Web of Dehesa de Campoamor
- Dehesa de Campoamor One of the best beaches of Spain. White and fine sand beaches on the Mediterranean coast.
- ocmdigital.com English language edition of ocmdigital.com Digital newspaper in the English language. Local news from Orihuela Costa, Orihuela and surrounding areas, updated daily.
- orihueladigital.es Up to date local news, culture and information site in the Spanish language
- activaorihuela.es Day by day in Orihuela. Website for local newspaper in Spanish language.
- Orihuela.com News and Guide of the city.
- Orihuela Spain, Overview of the City of Orihuela including a video with most important sightseeing attractions.
- Orihuela Official tourism site for the region of Valencia.
- Ociopia Shopping Center In Orihuela city.