Oriole finch

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Oriole finch
Linurgus olivaceus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Linurgus
L. Reichenbach, 1850
Species: L. olivaceus
Binomial name
Linurgus olivaceus
(Fraser, 1843)
Linurgus olivaceus (female)

The oriole finch (Linurgus olivaceus) is a small passerine bird in the finch family.

The male has a black head, a yellow body, black flight feathers and a stout bright yellow-orange conical bill. The female is a dull greenish-olive but has black flight feathers and a yellow bill. The oriole finch is found in Africa and is native to Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. It lives in subtropical or tropical moist evergreen montane forests.[1][2]

The species was described by the British zoologist and collector Louis Fraser in 1843[a] and given the binomial name Coccothraustes olivaceus.[4][5] The oriole finch is placed in its own monotypic genus Linurgus.[6] The exact relationship of this genus to other finch genera is unclear. In their phylogenetic analysis published in 2012, Zuccon and colleagues found that the oriole finch was a sister group to the genus Serinus.[7] This contrasts with the earlier 2009 analysis by Nguembock and colleagues which found that the oriole finch was sister to the genus Carduelis.[8]

Four subspecies are recognised:[6]

  • L. o. olivaceus - (Fraser, 1843)
  • L. o. prigoginei - Schouteden, 1950
  • L. o. elgonensis - van Someren, 1918
  • L. o. kilimensis - (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The year is given as 1842 on the title page of the volume in which the article appears but the later pages of the volume were actually published in the following year.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Linurgus olivaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan; Davis, John (1993). Finches and Sparrows. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 210–211. ISBN 0-691-03424-9. 
  3. ^ Peterson, Alan P. "Zoonomen Nomenclatural data". Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Fraser, Louis (1842). "Coccothraustes olivaceus". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 144. 
  5. ^ Paynter, Raymond A. Jnr., ed. (1968). Check-list of birds of the world, Volume 14. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 232. 
  6. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. 
  8. ^ Nguembock, B.; Fjeldså, J.; Couloux, A.; Pasquet, E. (2009). "Molecular phylogeny of Carduelinae (Aves, Passeriformes, Fringillidae) proves polyphyletic origin of the genera Serinus and Carduelis and suggests redefined generic limits". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 169–181. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.10.022. 

Further reading[edit]