|Mission type||Inflight Abort test|
|Mission duration||3 minutes 13 seconds|
|Apogee||31,000 ft (9,400 m)|
|Spacecraft type||Orion test article|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||July 2, 2019, 11:00UTC (07:00 EDT)|
|Rocket||Orion Abort Test Booster|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral SLC-46|
|End of mission|
|Landing site||Atlantic Ocean|
The test followed Orion's Pad Abort-1 test in 2010, and Exploration Flight Test-1 in 2014 in which the capsule first flew in space. It precedes an uncrewed flight of Orion around the Moon as the Artemis 1 mission, and paves the way for human use of Orion in subsequent missions of the Artemis program.
The test flight, which had been subject to several delays during Orion development, took place on July 2, 2019 at 07:00 local time (11:00 UTC). The flight was successful, and the launch abort system performed as designed.
An Orion test article, aerodynamically similar to but lacking the full features of the space-tested capsule, was launched from Cape Canaveral SLC-46 by the purpose-built Orion Abort Test Booster (ATB). The booster was a repurposed Peacekeeper missile first stage motor (SR118) procured from the United States Air Force and modified for the mission by Northrop Grumman. The mission's goal was to demonstrate and qualify the Orion Launch Abort System (LAS) that will allow the astronaut crew to safely escape in the event of an emergency during launch pad operations, through the ascent phase of the Orion vehicle.
The LAS was set to activate after around 55 seconds of ascent at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9,400 m), close to the point of maximum dynamic pressure, while the booster was still firing. No parachute system was installed on the Crew Module because they are very expensive and have already been tested multiple times. The test article transmitted telemetry data during its flight, and as a backup 12 data recorders were ejected in pairs during its descent, starting about 20 seconds after separation of the capsule from the abort motor. They were recovered from the Atlantic Ocean.
- Brown, Katherine (July 2, 2019). "Successful Orion Test Brings NASA Closer to Moon, Mars Missions". NASA. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Malik, Tariq (February 21, 2019). "NASA Sets Launch Date for Orion Spacecraft Abort System Test". Space.com. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- "Ascent Abort-2". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Sloss, Philip (July 2019). "AA-2: Orion's in-flight abort test successfully completed". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- "NASA Tests Launch-Abort System For Moon-Mission Capsule". NDTV.com. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- NASA video of the test (2:05)
- NASA video explaining the test prior to launch (1:38)
- NASA blog providing updates on the test
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ascent Abort-2.|