The Orion Building, Birmingham City Centre
|Type||Residential and retail|
|Height||90 metres (295 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Other designers||John Rocha|
The Orion Building is a 90-metre (295 ft) tall high rise residential building on Navigation Street, Birmingham 5, England. Construction of the tower began in 2004 with demolition of the previous building on the site, and was completed in 2007. As part of the development, the original façades of some of the previous buildings have been retained and incorporated into the lowrise sections of the complex. The complex consists of a 28 storey tower with five basement floors. It includes the city's first penthouse which was sold for £1.65 million. The fourth and final phase of the building, being marketed as 'Sirius', is nearing completion.
The first planning application for the Orion Building was submitted on December 3, 2001 to Birmingham City Council. It was approved on April 25, 2002. Soon after gaining planning permission, the scheme encountered problems. The original contractor, Carillion, fell out with Crosby Homes and construction on the site stopped. Carillion quit their involvement on the scheme and Taylor Woodrow took over with construction recommencing soon after. Before construction of phases 1 and 2 commenced, all of the 150 apartments had been sold. The next planning application was submitted on October 10, 2002 for the second phase of the scheme. It was approved on July 8, 2003. Another planning application was submitted for the reuse of 93-97 John Bright Street, a listed building, as apartments and retail. It was submitted on June 25, 2004 and was approved on October 2, 2005. On October 5, 2004, Crosby Homes submitted a planning application to add another four floors to the tower and another storey to the block adjacent to it. Alterations were also made to the layouts of the apartments between floors 10 and 19 to provide a further 29 flats. The planning application was approved on December 16, 2004. The building was constructed in three phases with Phase 1 being the corner on Navigation Street and John Bright Street and the John Bright Street frontage. Phase 2 is a low rise element to the complex that fronts on to Navigation Street whilst Phase 3 is the main tower overlooking Suffolk Street Queensway.
The 200 apartments within the complex have been designed by John Rocha, the fashion designer, who claims it as a "fashion first". On the ground floor, there are four retail units, one of which is occupied by Sainsbury's Local.
The tower is illuminated at night by strips of LEDs.
The top part of the tower is completely glass. Below this, the tower consists of strips of glass set within pre-cast concrete panels. The pre-cast concrete panels were painted in varying tones of beige after the construction. The reason for this was unknown, however in December 2006 these patches were painted over in a single colour.
The final phase of the Orion scheme, is currently under construction. It is being marketed separate to the Orion Building and is named 'Sirius'. As of August 2008, the scaffolding and sheeting covering the façade of the structure are being removed. The construction of Sirius was aided by two tower cranes. The complex will consist of 182 one and two bedroom apartments and 8,240 square feet (766 m2) in five retail units. It incorporates the Victorian façade of 99 John Bright Street. The scheme is estimated to cost £35 million.
The architecture of the Orion Building has been attacked by critics. It was nominated for the 2007 Carbuncle Cup, and The Times newspaper named it as one of the ugliest new buildings in Britain in August 2007.
Views of the Orion Building
- "The Orion Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nickolds, Neil (2007-04-06). "Skies the limit for Orion". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Planning application reference number C/06148/01/FUL. Submitted to Birmingham City Council, 2001-12-03. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "The Orion Building". Skyscraper News. 2007-07-21. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "John Rocha". Crosby Lend Lease. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Planning application reference number C/05353/02/FUL. Submitted to Birmingham City Council, 2001-10-11. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Planning application reference number C/04153/04/LBC. Submitted to Birmingham City Council, 2004-06-25. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Planning application reference number C/06527/04/FUL. Submitted to Birmingham City Council, 2004-10-05. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "Explore The Orion Building". Crosby Lend Lease. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "Sirius Homepage". Crosby Lend Lease. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "Crosby commercial space fully let at The Orion Building". Crosby Lend Lease. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Planning application reference number C/05971/05/FUL. Submitted to Birmingham City Council, 2005-10-03. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Lennox, Marsya (2007-10-26). "Raising the city living standard". The Birmingham Post. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Dyckhoff, Tom (2007-08-07). "Britain's ugliest buildings". The Times. Retrieved 2008-08-25.