Orkanger

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Orkanger
View of the industrial area with the city in the background
View of the industrial area with the city in the background
Orkanger is located in Trøndelag
Orkanger
Orkanger
Location of the town
Orkanger is located in Norway
Orkanger
Orkanger
Orkanger (Norway)
Coordinates: 63°18′24″N 9°51′01″E / 63.3067°N 09.8502°E / 63.3067; 09.8502Coordinates: 63°18′24″N 9°51′01″E / 63.3067°N 09.8502°E / 63.3067; 09.8502
CountryNorway
RegionCentral Norway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
MunicipalityOrkland
Established2014 (as a town)
Area
 • Total6.26 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Elevation11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total8,204
 • Density1,311/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ørbygg
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
7300 Orkanger

Official logo of Orkanger herred
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Orkanger within Sør-Trøndelag
Orkanger within Sør-Trøndelag
CountryNorway
CountySør-Trøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
Established1 July 1920
Disestablished1 Jan 1963
Administrative centreOrkanger
Area
 • Total7 km2 (3 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1962)
 • Total2,874
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ørbygg[3]
ISO 3166 codeNO-1639
Preceded byOrkdal in 1920
Succeeded byOrkdal in 1963

Orkanger is a town and the administrative centre of Orkland municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The town is also a former municipality which existed from 1920 until 1963. The town sits at the end of the Orkdalsfjorden, and arm of the Trondheimsfjord. Orkanger is the commercial centre of the municipality of Orkland and it is the site of the Orkanger Church. It was established as a "town" in 2014.[4]

Combined with the neighboring suburban village of Fannrem, the conurbation constitutes one of the largest urban areas in Trøndelag county. The 6.26-square-kilometre (1,550-acre) town has a population (2018) of 8,204 and a population density of 1,311 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,400/sq mi).[1]

Just north of Orkanger lies the port of Thamshavn. Until 1974, Orkanger had a station on the Thamshavn Line railway with the Thamshavn Station just north of the city. Between 1908 and 1949 there was a steam ship service to Trondheim on the SS Orkla. The European route E39 highway runs through the town, connecting it to the major city of Trondheim, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the northeast.

History[edit]

The urban area of Orkanger was established as a municipality on 1 July 1920 when it was separated from Orkdal municipality. Initially, it had a population of 1,715. The municipality encompassed the 7-square-kilometre (2.7 sq mi) urban area and some of the surrounding countryside. It was an important port, but it did not have the designation of a town at that time.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1963, the municipality of Orkanger ceased to exist and it was merged into the larger municipality of Orkdal. Prior to the merger, Orkanger had 2,874 residents.[5] In 2014, the municipality of Orkdal declared Orkanger to be a "town".

Municipal council[edit]

During its time as an independent municipality, the municipal council (Herredsstyre) of Orkanger was made up of representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Orkanger Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Orkanger Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Orkanger Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:20
Orkanger Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:20
Orkanger Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:20
Orkanger Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:20

Name[edit]

The name "Orkanger" is composed of the name "Ork", which stems from the lake Orkelsjøen from which the river Orkla runs. The second element of the name (Old Norse: angr) means "narrow fjord".[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Orkanger, Orkdal (Trøndelag)". yr.no. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
  3. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  4. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Orkanger. – kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-01-28.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  11. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-20.