Orkdal

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Orkdal kommune
View of Orkanger
View of Orkanger
Official logo of Orkdal kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Orkdal within Trøndelag
Orkdal within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°17′20″N 09°43′34″E / 63.28889°N 9.72611°E / 63.28889; 9.72611Coordinates: 63°17′20″N 09°43′34″E / 63.28889°N 9.72611°E / 63.28889; 9.72611
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreOrkanger
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Oddbjørn Bang (Sp)
Area
 • Total594.32 km2 (229.47 sq mi)
 • Land564.49 km2 (217.95 sq mi)
 • Water29.83 km2 (11.52 sq mi)  5%
Area rank188 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total11,933
 • Rank97 in Norway
 • Density21.1/km2 (55/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
8.3%
Demonym(s)orkdaling [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5024
Official language formNeutral [2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byOrkland in 2020
Websiteorkdal.kommune.no

Orkdal is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 2020 when it joined Orkland Municipality. It was part of the Orkdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality was the city of Orkanger. Some of the notable villages in the municipality included Kjøra, Geitastrand, Gjølme, Thamshavn, Fannrem, Vormstad, Svorkmo, and Hoston.

Agriculture plays a significant role in the municipality. The Thamshavnbanen was used to transport ore from Løkken Verk to the port of Thamshavn, and is now a vintage railway. The Fannrem concentration camp was located in Fannrem during World War II. Orkanger is one of the main industrial hubs in central Norway. The industry is mainly located around Grønøra Industrial park. The largest companies are Technip Offshore Norge AS, Reinertsen, Washington Mills and Elkem Thamshavn AS.

Orkanger with the Orkla river

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 594-square-kilometre (229 sq mi) municipality was the 188th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Orkdal was the 97th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 11,933. The municipality's population density was 21.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (55/sq mi) and its population had increased by 8.3% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The prestegjeld of Orkdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 July 1920, the port of Orkanger (population: 1,715) and the southern district of Orkland (population: 1,760) were separated from Orkdal to form separate municipalities. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1963, the municipalities of Orkanger, Orkland, and Geitastrand were merged with Orkdal to form a new, larger municipality of Orkdal.[5]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Agdenes, Orkdal, and Meldal along with the majority of Snillfjord merged to form the new municipality of Orkland.[6]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Orkardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the name of the river Ork (now Orklaelva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Historically, the name was spelled Orkedalen.[7]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 25 April 1986. They show a silver line on a green background, representing the Orklaelva which runs through fertile Orkdalen valley throughout the municipality. It is also a canting because the name of the municipality is derived from the name of the river.[8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Orkdal. It is part of the Orkdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Orkdal
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Geitastrand Geitastrand Church Geitastrand 1859
Orkanger Orkanger Church Orkanger 1892
Orkdal Orkdal Church Fannrem 1893
Søvasskjølen Church Svorksjødalen 1981
Orkland Moe Church Vormstad 1867

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Orkdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Orkdal is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Orkdal Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Orkdal List (Orkdalslista)5
 Small Town List Orkdal (Småbylista Orkdal)4
Total number of members:35
Orkdal Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Orkdal List (Orkdalslista)9
 Small Town List Orkdal (Småbylista Orkdal)2
Total number of members:35

Geography[edit]

A large part of the population was concentrated in the Orkanger/Fannrem area, which is situated at the head of the Orkdalsfjord, a branch of the large Trondheimsfjord. The Orkla River, one of the better salmon rivers in Norway, meets the sea at Orkanger.

The lakes Hostovatnet, Gangåsvatnet, Våvatnet and Svorksjøen were located around the municipality.

The municipalities of Agdenes, Snillfjord and Hemne were located to the northwest, Rindal and Meldal to the south, and Melhus and Skaun to the east, and Trondheim and Indre Fosen were to the northeast across the Trondheimsfjord.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Orkdal is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Nye Orkland: Kommunene" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 125.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Mostar Gradovi prijatelji" [Mostar Twin Towns]. Grad Mostar [Mostar Official City Website] (in Macedonian). Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

External links[edit]