View of Orkanger
Orkdal within Sør-Trøndelag
|• Mayor (1999)||Gunnar H. Lysholm (Orkdalslista)|
|• Total||594.36 km2 (229.48 sq mi)|
|• Land||564.18 km2 (217.83 sq mi)|
|• Water||30.18 km2 (11.65 sq mi)|
|Area rank||185 in Norway|
|• Rank||97 in Norway|
|• Density||20/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||10 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1638|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Orkdal is a municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Orkdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Orkanger. Other villages in the municipality include Kjøra, Geitastrand, Gjølme, Thamshavn, Fannrem, Vormstad, Svorkmo, and Hoston.
Agriculture plays a significant role in the municipality. The Thamshavnbanen was used to transport ore from Løkken Verk to the port of Thamshavn, and is now a vintage railway. The Fannrem concentration camp was located in Fannrem during World War II. Orkanger is one of the main industrial hubs in central Norway. The industry is mainly located around Grønøra Industrial park. The largest companies are Technip Offshore Norge AS, Reinertsen, Washington Mills and Elkem Thamshavn AS.
Orkdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 July 1920, the port of Orkanger (population: 1,715) and the southern district of Orkland (population: 1,760) were separated from Orkdal to form separate municipalities. On 1 January 1963, the municipalities of Orkanger, Orkland, and Geitastrand were merged with Orkdal to form a new, larger municipality of Orkdal.
The Old Norse form of the name was Orkardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the name of the river Ork (now Orklaelva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Historically, the name was spelled Orkedalen.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 25 April 1986. They show a silver line on a green background, representing the Orklaelva which runs through fertile Orkdalen valley throughout the municipality. It is also a canting because the name of the municipality is derived from the name of the river.
|Church name||Year built||Location|
A large part of the population is concentrated in the Orkanger/Fannrem area, which is situated at the head of the Orkdalsfjord, a branch of the large Trondheimsfjord. The Orkla River, one of the better salmon rivers in Norway, meets the sea at Orkanger.
The municipalities of Agdenes, Snillfjord and Hemne lie to the northwest, Rindal (in Møre og Romsdal) and Meldal to the south, and Melhus and Skaun to the east, and Trondheim and Rissa lie to the northeast across the Trondheimsfjord.
- Johan Bojer, author
- Nils Arne Eggen, the former coach of Rosenborg BK
- Roar Ljøkelsøy, ski jumper
- Gunnhild Sundli, singer of the Norwegian folk music band Gåte
- Sveinung Sundli, fiddle and keyboard player of Gåte
Twin towns – Sister cities
Orkdal is twinned with:
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 125.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "Mostar Gradovi prijatelji" [Mostar Twin Towns]. Grad Mostar [Mostar Official City Website] (in Macedonian). Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
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