Orkoiyot

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Historically, the Orkoiyot was the supreme chief of the Nandi and Kipsigis people of Kenya. He held the dual roles of chief spiritual and military leader, and had the authority to make decisions regarding security particularly the waging of war. Notable holders of this office were the Orkoiyot Kimnyole Arap Turukat and the Orkoiyot Koitalel Arap Samoei.[1]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The office is hereditary and was established by Kipsegun, a Segela Maasai who belonged to the Talai clan. The Talai are a widespread Kalenjin clan and among the Nandi are aligned with the Lion Totem.[2]

Geneaological Table[edit]

The office lasted for over fifty years and went through a period of a dual administration during the time of Arap Kipsegun and Kopokoii until the former was ousted.[3]


 
 
 
 
 
Kipsegun
1st Nandi Orkoiyot, unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arap Kipsegun
2nd Nandi Orkoiyot, unknown
 
 
 
Kopokoii
2nd Nandi Orkoiyot, unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Turukat
3rd Nandi Orkoiyot, unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kimnyole
4th Nandi Okoiyot, killed by Nandi in 1890
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kipeles Arap Kipchomber
1st Kipsigis Orkoiyot
 
Koitalel
5th Nandi Orkoiyot, 1890 to 1905
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kipeles Arap Tamasun
6th Nandi Orkoiyot, 1905 to 1919
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Barsirian Arap Manyei[4]
7th Nandi Orkoiyot, 1919 to 1922
 
 
 
 
 
 

Administrative structure of the Nandi[edit]

The Orkoiik were recognized across Nandi as being at the head of the governance system. They did not however play a large role in the affairs of everyday life; which were handled by the Kiruogik, heads of the districts and direct representatives of the people.[5]

Kiruogik[edit]

The Kiruogindet (pl. Kiruogik) was spokesman or counselor chosen by the people in each district (pororioret). They were responsible to the Orkoiyot through the Maotiot for the good governance of their respective districts and the enrollment of troops in time of war.[6]

Maotik[edit]

The Orkoiyot appointed one Maotiot (pl. Maotik) in each district to represent the Orkoiyot at the district level.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 48
  2. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 50
  3. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 50
  4. ^ EastAfrican, December 5, 2008: Murder that shaped the future of Kenya
  5. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 50
  6. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 50
  7. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 50