Orlan-10

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An Orlan-10 on display

The Orlan-10 (Russian: Орлан-10) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by the Special Technological Centre (STC) in Saint Petersburg for the Russian Armed Forces.[1][2] The price of one drone is reportedly between US$87,000 and US$120,000.[3] The drone is usually used in a group of two or three, where the first one is used for reconnaissance in a height of 1-1.5 km, the second one for electronic warfare and the third one as a transponder that transmits intelligence information to the control center.[3] One system can include up to 5 vehicles.[4] More than 1000 Orlan-10's have been produced, with 11 different variations.[5] The Orlan-10 features a composite hull that reduces its radar signature.[6] It has seen action in Ukraine, Syria and Libya.[7] According to media reports, an updated variant of Orlan-10 tactical UAV is to enter service with the Russia’s ground forces in 2020. The updated variant is expected to have a laser designator to allow it to pinpoint targets for precision-guided artillery and aircraft munitions.[8]

Operational history[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

The Orlan-10 is reportedly used in the War in Donbass. In this conflict, aerial reconnaissance by unmanned aerial vehicle is banned by the Minsk agreements.[3] Ukrainian officials have claimed to have had shot down or captured several UAVs of this type since 2014:

  • In May 2014, Ukrainian officials reported to have shot down an Orlan-10 in Ukraine.[2][9]
  • In July 2014, Ukrainian forces have shot down two UAVs of this type – No. 10212 near Zelenopillia[10][11] and No. 10237 near Amvrosiivka.[12]
  • In August 2014, another Orlan-10 (No. 10215) was shot down by the Ukrainian forces with Strela-10 SAM system.[13]
  • In April 2016, the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) published a video of the UAV (No. 10264) which it claimed to have shot down near Avdiivka.[14]
  • In November 2016, Ukrainian officials stated they had retrieved an Orlan-10 (No. 10332) drifting on the Azov Sea near Mariupol.[15]
  • In September 2017, an Orlan-10 (No. 11057) fell down on Ukrainian territory and was captured by Ukrainian forces.[16]
  • On 28 December 2017, Ukrainian troops shot down another Orlan-10 near Toretsk.[3]
  • On 10 January 2018, Ukrainian troops shot down another Orlan-10.[17]
  • On 14 January 2018, Ukrainian air defenses shot down another Orlan-10.[18]
  • On 16 August 2018, an unidentified UAV, similar to the Orlan-10, was shot down by Ukrainian anti-aircraft fire over Pervomaisk.[19][20]
  • On 13 October 2018, Orlan-10 was shot down by a Ukrainian Mi-24 helicopter using gunfire near Lysychansk.[21][22]
  • On 19 November 2018, in the morning an Orlan-10 UAV was shot down by Ukrainian air defense forces.[23]

Syria[edit]

The Orlan-10 is being actively used by the Russian Ground Forces in the Syrian Civil War for either reconnaissance, collecting aerial imagery or 3D-mapping in support of humanitarian convoys and S&R operations.[24]

In November 2015, the Orlan-10 located the surviving member of the downed Russian Su-24M2 bomber and helped for his quick recovery from a rebel-held territory.[24]

On 15 June 2019, a Russian Orlan-10 was shot down by FSA forces over Maraanaz, Aleppo Governorate.[25]

Specifications[edit]

  • Take-off weight: 15 kg
  • Payload weight: 6 kg
  • Engine: engine (gasoline A-95)
  • Launch method: folding catapult
  • Landing method: via parachute recovery
  • Airspeed: 90–150 km/h
  • Max. flight duration: 16 hours
  • Max. complex range of application: up to 140 km from the ground control station (up to 600 km off-line)
  • Max. altitude above sea level: 5,000 m
  • Max. wind speed at the start: 10 m/s
  • Operating temperature range near the ground: from −30 to +40 °C

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russia to produce its own unmanned vehicles". unmanned.co.uk. July 20, 2011. Archived from the original on May 31, 2014. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Simon Ostrovsky (30 May 2014). "Ukraine Says it Shot Down a Russian Spy Drone". Vice. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Ukrainian troops shoot down Russian drone in ATO zone, UNIAN (29 December 2017)
  4. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2019/0808/120553790/detail.shtml
  5. ^ "Уникальная отечественная разработка: эксклюзивные кадры с испытаний "Орланов" под Петербургом". Zvezda (TV channel). 2018-03-09. Archived from the original on 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-03-22. Retrieved 2019-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Russia to bring new Orlan UAV variant into service next year". Jane's 360. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  9. ^ "У зоні проведення АТО припинено несанкціонований політ російського безпілотника" (in Ukrainian). Security Service of Ukraine. 30 May 2017. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Бойцы АТО сбили беспилотник, проводивший наблюдения в районе Зеленополья, - Селезнев" (in Russian). 112.ua. 13 July 2014. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  11. ^ Seleznev, Vladislav (2014-07-13). "(Facebook post by SBU official regarding a shot down Orlan-10)". Facebook (in Russian). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Під Амвросіївкою військові збили черговий російський безпілотник" (in Ukrainian). Espreso.tv. 23 July 2017. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  13. ^ "(Official Facebook post)" (in Ukrainian). Press-centre of the Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO) of Ukraine. 2014-08-01. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  14. ^ "У районі Авдіївки збито безпілотник російських військових" (in Ukrainian). Security Service of Ukraine. 8 April 2017. Archived from the original on 13 October 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  15. ^ Russian drone retrieved from Azov Sea near Mariupol coast (photos, video) Archived 2016-11-07 at the Wayback Machine, UNIAN (7 November 2016)
  16. ^ "Украина опубликовала фото упавшего "российского беспилотника"" (in Russian). Дождь. 17 September 2017. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  17. ^ Another Russian drone downed by Ukraine troops in Donbas, second since Christmas truce, UNIAN (12 January 2018)
  18. ^ Ukrainian soldiers shot down the Russian UAV in Donbas conflict zone Archived 2019-02-10 at the Wayback Machine (14 January 2018)
  19. ^ "ООС: сводные данные – 17 августа 2018". mediarnbo.org. 17 August 2018. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Засобами ППО Об'єднаних сил збито російський безпілотний літальний апарат". Операція об'єднаних сил / Joint Forces Operation (official channel) (in Ukrainian). 17 Aug 2018.
  21. ^ "Official Facebook post" (in Ukrainian). Press-centre of Joint Forces Operation of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-12-09. Retrieved 2019-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-28. Retrieved 2019-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ a b "Russian UAVs in Syria". bmpd.livejournal.com. 3 May 2017. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  25. ^ https://twitter.com/QalaatAlMudiq/status/1139890199654215682