Orlando Tive Anderson
August 13, 1974
|Died||May 29, 1998 (aged 23)|
Willowbrook, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Gunshot wound|
|Other names||Baby Lane|
|Occupation||Gang member, Southside Compton Crips|
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm) |
|Relatives||Duane "Keefe D" Davis (uncle)|
Orlando Tive "Baby Lane" Anderson (August 13, 1974 – May 29, 1998) was the prime suspect in the murder of rapper Tupac Shakur. Anderson belonged to the California-based gang known as the Southside Compton Crips. Detective Tim Brennan of the Compton Police Department filed an affidavit naming Anderson as a suspect, although fans of Tupac and others have questioned his involvement in the killing.
Anderson denied having anything to do with Tupac’s death and was never charged with the murder. On May 29, 1998, at age 23, he was killed in a gang-related shootout. At the time of his death, Anderson was in the process of starting his own record label.
Murder of Tupac Shakur
On the night of September 7, 1996, Tupac Shakur, his entourage and Orlando Anderson were involved in a fight inside the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada, three hours before Shakur's shooting. Later that month, Las Vegas homicide Lt. Larry Spinosa told the media, "At this point, Orlando Anderson is not a suspect in the shooting of Tupac Shakur." Eventually in the investigation, Anderson was named a suspect. Stories circulated on the street that he had bragged about shooting the rapper, a claim he later denied in an interview for VIBE magazine. In September 1997, Anderson told the Los Angeles Times he was a fan of Shakur and his music, but then again denied being the murderer.
Anderson was detained in Compton a month after the shooting with twenty-one other alleged gang members. He was not charged. However, the arrest was only tangentially connected to the Tupac shooting, as Compton police said they were investigating local shootings and not the one in Las Vegas. Las Vegas police discounted Anderson as a suspect, according to a Los Angeles Times article, because the fight in which Shakur was involved in assaulting Anderson in the MGM Grand lobby had happened just hours before the shooting.
Las Vegas police failed to follow up with a member of Shakur's entourage who witnessed the shooting and who told police he could identify one or more of the assailants. That witness, rapper Yaki Kadafi, was killed two months later. The police also failed to follow up on a lead from a witness who had spotted a white Cadillac similar to the car from which the fatal shots were fired and in which the shooters escaped.
A year later, Afeni Shakur, Tupac's mother, filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Anderson in response to a lawsuit he had filed against Death Row Records CEO Suge Knight, Death Row associates, and Tupac's estate. Anderson's lawsuit sought damages for injuries resulting from the MGM Grand scuffle, and for emotional and physical pain. Afeni Shakur's lawsuit was filed just four days after Anderson's. The Associated Press reported in 2000 that Shakur and Anderson's estates settled the competing lawsuits just hours before Anderson's death. Anderson's lawyer claimed the settlement would have netted Anderson $78,000.
In October 2011, former LAPD Detective Greg Kading, a former investigator in the murder of Christopher "Biggie Smalls" Wallace, released a book alleging that Sean "Diddy" Combs commissioned Anderson's uncle, Duane "Keefe D" Davis, to kill Shakur, as well as Knight, for $1 million. Kading and Davis claimed that Anderson was present in the vehicle that pulled up next to the BMW in which Tupac was shot. In a recorded conversation with Kading, Davis claimed Anderson fired the shots that killed Tupac.
Kading's implication of Anderson was similar to allegations made in Philips' series and Scott's book. Each account said that four black men were in the white Cadillac that pulled up alongside the BMW that Knight and Tupac were riding in on the night of the shooting. The accounts independently reported that Anderson was in the back seat of the Cadillac and shot Tupac by leaning out of the back window. Kading and Philips claimed that the Crips were offered a $1 million dollar bounty to kill Knight and Shakur. However, the two accounts differ on whether the bounty was offered by Combs (as reported by Kading) or by Wallace (as reported by Philips).
In 2002, the Los Angeles Times published a two-part series by reporter Chuck Philips titled "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?" that looked into the events leading to the crime. The series indicated that "the shooting was carried out by a Compton gang called the Southside Crips to avenge the beating of one of its members by Shakur a few hours earlier. Orlando Anderson, the Crip whom Shakur had attacked, fired the fatal shots. Las Vegas police interviewed Anderson only once as a possible suspect. He was later killed in an unrelated gang shooting." The Times series included references to the cooperation of East Coast rappers including Wallace, Shakur's rival at the time, and New York City criminals.
Before their deaths, both Wallace and Anderson denied any role in Shakur's murder. In support of this, Wallace's family produced computerized invoices showing that he was working in a New York recording studio the night of the shooting. Wallace's manager Wayne Barrow and fellow rapper James "Lil' Cease" Lloyd made public announcements denying Wallace had a role in the crime and stating that they were both with him in the recording studio.
Times assistant managing editor Mark Duvoisin defended Philips' series, stating they were based on police affidavits and court documents as well as interviews with investigators, witnesses to the crime and members of the Southside Crips. Duvoisin stated: "Philips' story has withstood all challenges to its accuracy, ...[and] remains the definitive account of the Shakur slaying." The main thrust of the articles, implicating Anderson and the Crips, was later corroborated by Kading's 2011 book Murder Rap and discussed in author Cathy Scott's 2002 book The Killing of Tupac Shakur. Scott refuted the theory in a People magazine article, saying there was no evidence pointing to Wallace as a suspect. Also, The New York Times wrote, "The Los Angeles Times articles did not offer any documentation to show that Wallace was in Las Vegas that night."
In her book, Scott reviews various theories, including the Knight theory, before stating, "Years after the primary investigations, it's still anyone's guess. No one was ever arrested but no one was ever ruled out as a suspect, either." She then (in 2002) wrote that one theory "transcends all the others, and implicates the white-record-company power brokers themselves," implicating the bosses of the Suge Knight label. In recent years, however, archived letters of Scott's responses to readers show an evolution toward Anderson as a suspect and a dismissal of the Knight theory.
- Brown, Jake (2002). "Guilty til proven innocent". Suge Knight: The Rise, Fall, and Rise of Death Row Records: The Story of Marion 'Suge' Knight, a Hard Hitting Study of One Man, One Company That Changed the Course of American Music Forever. Phoenix: Colossus Books. p. 32. ISBN 0-9702224-7-5.
- "Orlando Anderson Interview". 12 September 2012. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012.
- Brown, P.32
- "Shakur Was His Hero, Not His Victim, Says Man Some Suspect". Los Angeles Times. 1997.
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- "Arrest made in connection to Shakur killing". Archived from the original on September 11, 2012.
- Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "How Vegas police probe floundered in Tupac Shakur case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Philips, Chuck (September 13, 1997). "Shakur's Mother Files Wrongful-Death Suit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Newsday - The Long Island and New York City News Source".
- "Associated Press Report: Estate of Tupac Shakur settles with another slain man's family". Archived from the original on September 10, 2012.
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- "Former Detective Greg Kading Clarifies His Shocking Allegations Regarding The Murder Of Tupac Shakur". hiphopdx.com.
- Wilson, Simone (3 October 2011). "The 'Keffe D' Tapes: 10 Highlights of Confession From Gangster Who Says Sean Combs Hired Him to Kill Tupac". LA Weekly. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "How Vegas police probe floundered in Tupac Shakur case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Scott, Cathy (2002). The Killing of Tupac Shakur. US: Huntington Press LLC. ISBN 978-0929712208.
- "Notorious B.I.G.'s Family 'Outraged' By Tupac Article". Streetgangs.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2003. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- Duvoisin, Mark (January 12, 2006). "L.A. Times Responds to Biggie Story". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Kading, Greg (2011). Murder Rap. US: One time publishing LLC. ISBN 978-0-9839554-8-1.
- "B.I.G. Family Denies Tupac Murder Claim".
- Leland, John (October 7, 2002). "New Theories Stir Speculation On Rap Deaths". New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- "Ask Cathy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-05.
- Tupac Murder Suspect Orlando Anderson Dead MTV News , 1 June 1998, Retrieved 12 October 2019
- Life and death in South Central LA News The Observer, Saturday 8 January 2000
- Times, Los Angeles (2001-06-08). "Gang killer challenges state drive-by shooting law".