Orlando S. Mercado

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For baseball player, see Orlando Mercado.
Orlando S. Mercado
Defense Secretary Orly Mercado.jpg
Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 1998 – January 19, 2001
President Joseph Estrada
Preceded by Fortunato Abat
Succeeded by Vacant[1]
In office
January 22, 2001 – January 25, 2001
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Vacant[2]
Post last held by himself
Succeeded by Angelo Reyes
Senator of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 1987 – June 30, 1998
Majority leader of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
1987–1989
President Corazon Aquino
Preceded by Vacant[3]
Post last held by Arturo Tolentino
Succeeded by Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman) from Quezon City
In office
June 30, 1984 – March 25, 1986
Serving with Ismael A. Mathay, Jr., Cecilia Muñoz-Palma and Alberto Romulo
Personal details
Born (1946-04-26) April 26, 1946 (age 69)
Manila
Nationality Filipino
Spouse(s) Susan Pineda-Mercado[4]
Children Renzo Orlando P. Mercado
Residence Makati
Alma mater University of the Philippines
Occupation Diplomat, Politician, Professor, Broadcaster
Religion Protestant[5]

Orlando Sanchez Mercado (born April 26, 1946), also known as Orly Mercado, is a politician from the Philippines. Mercado was a senator for two terms (1987–1992 and 1992–1998) and the head and anchor the popular radio program Radyo Patrol of ABS-CBN from 1969 to 1971. He was charged for subversion under Republic Act 1700 (Anti-Subversion Law) and was detained in Fort Bonifacio upon President Marcos' declaration of Martial Law. He returned to broadcasting and started teaching upon his release after nine and a half months. Since 1975, he has been the producer and host of GMA Network's Kapwa Ko Mahal Ko (I Love My Fellowmen), the pioneer television program in public service in the Philippines. In 1998, he was appointed Secretary of National Defense by President Joseph Estrada. On January 19, 2001, together with the Chief of Staff and all of the commanding generals of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the military establishment withdrew its support for President Estrada who was then facing impeachment for plunder and corruption. Their appearance before a throng of protesters at the EDSA Shrine was the culmination of what was to be known as EDSA People Power II (2001 EDSA Revolution), which ousted President Estrada from office. Mercado was reappointed Secretary of Defense by incoming President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo but resigned the post in protest of the designation of a former Chief of Staff as National Security Adviser who was also the subject of Mercado's anti-corruption campaign in the Department of National Defense.

In 2008 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo nominated Mercado as Philippine ambassador to the People's Republic of China, also accredited to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and Mongolia,[6] however his nomination was objected to by Senator Jinggoy Estrada (son of President Estrada), then a member of the Commission on Appointments.[7] In 2009 he was appointed as the first permanent representative of the Philippines to ASEAN, a newly created ambassadorial post that then did not require Commission on Appointments approval.[7]

He is currently the Secretary-General of the Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration (EROPA), an organization of states, groups and individuals in the general area of Asia and the Pacific. He has taught courses in Public Administration and Communication in the University of the Philippines where he obtained all his degrees: Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, Master of Arts in Communication, and Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science. He is also a faculty member at the Ateneo de Manila University School of Government. On June 17, 2013, he returned to radio broadcasting with his program "Orly Mercado: All Ready" on Radyo Singko 92.3 NewsFM.

Television programs[edit]

Year Title Role Network
1975–present Kapwa Ko Mahal Ko Host GMA Network
1980–1983 What's Up Host GMA Network
1980–1984 Lasang Pinoy Host GMA Network
1970–1971 Apat na Sulok ng Daigdig Host ABS-CBN
1974–1975 Tipunang Bayan Host GMA Network
1986–1987 Lunch Date Host GMA Network
1992–1994 Kontak 5 Host ABC
2008–2009 Newswatch Anchor RPN

Radio programs[edit]

Year Title Role Station
2013-present All Ready Anchor [[DWFM|Radyo5 92.3 News FM] (www.news5.com.ph)]
1994-1995 Kambal Kamao Anchor DZRH Manila Broadcasting Company
1969-1971 Radyo Patrol Anchor DZAQ ABS-CBN Network
1966-1968 Night Life Disc Jockey DZXX Republic Broadcasting System

Significant Contributions[edit]

As Senator, among the measures he authored are:

  • Generics Drug and Medicines Act of 1988 (R.A. 6675)
  • An Act establishing provincial centres for Science and Technology (R.A. 6959)
  • Magna Carta for Disabled Persons (R.A. 7277)
  • Consumer Act of the Philippines (R.A. 7394)
  • An Act promoting Salt Iodization nationwide (R.A. 8172)
  • An Act promoting voluntary blood donation, providing for an adequate supply of safe blood, regulating blood banks, providing penalties for violations thereof (R.A. 8180)
  • Children’s Media Act of 1996 (R.A. 8370)
  • Philippine National Police Reform Act (R.A. 8851)

As Secretary/Minister of Department of National Defense, he:

  • Instituted a reorganization program in the Department of National Defense to assert civilian supremacy over the military
  • Initiated reforms in the Retirement and Separation Benefit Systems (RSBS), the pension fund of the soldiers
  • Instituted a computerization program for the Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO)
  • Pioneered the use of electronic technology for procurement of equipment and supplies of the Armed Forces of the Philippines [8]

As the Philippines' first Permanent Representative to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), he:

  • Led efforts in the Committee of Permanent Representatives (CPR) to introduce transparency and accountability in the ASEAN Secretariat by way of extensive budget hearings.
  • Initiated ASEAN's strategic communication plan, which could create a level of awareness and understanding about the regional organization as an imperative in the effort to create an ASEAN Community by 2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mercado resigned as Secretary of National Defense in part of calling the resignation of President Joseph Estrada during the EDSA Revolution II.
  2. ^ Mercado resigned as Secretary of National Defense in part of calling the resignation of President Joseph Estrada and was reappointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
  3. ^ Vacant due to the Martial Law declared by President Ferdinand Marcos.
  4. ^ "Orlando S. Mercado". Department of National Defense. Retrieved August 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ Bob Tabada. "Libanan’s racket". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  6. ^ gmanews.tv, Ex-defense chief of Erap named new RP envoy to China
  7. ^ a b "Mercado named ASEAN envoy". INQUIRER.net. March 11, 2009. Retrieved August 14, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Orlando Mercado".