Orleans, New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Donna Chatterton (D)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||77.8 sq mi (201.5 km2)|
|• Land||71.1 sq mi (184.2 km2)|
|• Water||6.7 sq mi (17.3 km2)|
|Elevation||381 ft (116 m)|
|• Density||39.0/sq mi (15.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979319|
Orleans is a town in Jefferson County, New York, USA. The population was 2,789 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the northern part of the county and is north of Watertown. Orleans is named after the commune of Orléans in France.
The important community of La Fargeville was founded around 1816 by the construction of a mill on the Chaumont River.
The town was formed from part of the town of Brownville in the year 1821 at the same time as some other new towns.
Fordham University was founded as St. Johns College in La Fargeville in 1838 by a purchase of the lands and home of John La Farge. The college moved to New York City after a few years.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 77.8 square miles (202 km2), of which, 71.1 square miles (184 km2) of it is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) of it (8.57%) is water.
Interstate 81, a major divided highway, passes through the town to the Canada–US border. New York State Route 12 follows the south bank of the St Lawrence River and intersects New York State Route 180, a north-south highway, at Fishers Landing. New York State Route 411 is an east-west highway in the south part of Orleans.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,465 people, 928 households, and 703 families residing in the town. The population density was 34.7 people per square mile (13.4/km²). There were 2,084 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile (11.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.77% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.
There were 928 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,458, and the median income for a family was $41,471. Males had a median income of $28,828 versus $22,132 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,315. About 8.8% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Orleans
Communities and inhabited locations
- Barlow Corners – A location in the southeast corner of the town on County Road 15.
- Collins Landing – A community on the south shore of Wellesley Island.
- DeLaFarge Corners – A hamlet on the east town line on County Road 3.
- Dewolf Point State Park – a state park on Wellesley Island by Lake of the Isles.
- Fineview – A location on the south shore of Wellesley Island on County Road 100.
- Fishers Landing – A location in the north part of town by the St. Lawrence River, on Routes NY-12 and NY-180.
- Getman Corners – A location in the southeast part of the town on County Road 15.
- Grass Point State Park – A state park in the northern part of the town, off NY-12.
- Grenell – A community on Wellesley Island north of Thousand Islands Park.
- Grandview Park – a community on the northwest tip of Wellesley Island.
- La Fargeville – A hamlet at the intersection of Routes NY-180 and NY-411, along with County Road 181.
- Moore Landing – A location on Wellesley Island.
- Omar – A hamlet in the northern part of the town on Route 180. The community was once called "Mudges Mills."
- Orleans Corners (or "Orleans Four Corners," formerly "Shantyville") – A location in the southeast part of the town on NY-411 at County Road 15.
- Stone Mills – A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town on Route 180.
- Thousand Island Park – A hamlet on the southwest tip of Wellesley Island by South Bay.
- Upper Town Landing – An historic location in the town.
- Waterson Point State Park – A state park on the north shore of Wellesley Island.
- Wellesley Island State Park – A state park on Wellesley Island.
- American Narrows – A narrow part of the St. Lawrence River that flows between Wellesley Island and the mainland of New York.
- Chaumont River – A stream in the south part of Orleans, flowing past La Fargeville.
- Collins Landing Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area by the St. Lawrence River.
- Crow Island – A small island by the north shore of Wellesley Island.
- Eel Bay – A bay at the west end of Wellesley Island.
- Mullet Creek – A stream entering the St. Lawrence River at Fishers Landing.
- Lake of The Isles – A bay formed by two arms of Wellesley Island.
- South Bay – A bay on the southeast corner of Wellesley Island.
- Wellesley Island – An island in the St. Lawrence River, partly in the town of Orleans.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.