Eagles' Bridge, Sofia
Eagles' Bridge (Bulgarian: Орлов мост, Orlov most ) is a bridge over the Perlovska River in downtown Sofia, capital of Bulgaria. The bridge and junction where it is located, sometimes referred to as Ploshtad Orlov Most (Orlov Most Square) are usually referred simply as Eagles' Bridge (Orlov most).
The name of the bridge itself comes from the four statues of eagles on it, which are, symbolically, its protectors and patrons.
Eagles' Bridge and the junction are located in the immediate proximity of the Vasil Levski National Stadium, the Monument to the Soviet Army, the Borisova gradina park and Lake Ariana, and near Sofia University. Two main boulevards cross there – Evlogi Georgiev Boulevard, which follows the Perlovska river, and Tsarigradsko Shose, and Tsar Ivan Asen II Street terminates there. For the traffic entering Sofia from the southeast by Tsarigrad Road, Eagles' Bridge is the first junction and the point from where the city centre is accessed.
The bridge was constructed in 1891 by Czech architect Václav Prošek, his brother Jozef and his cousins Bohdan and Jiří. They also designed together and built the Lions' Bridge at the northern point of entry to central Sofia in 1889. The cost of the entire construction of the bridge was 80,000 golden leva.
Orlov Most was the focus of 2012 ecological protests against construction on Vitosha mountain and on the Dyuni nature spot on the Black Sea coast. The bridge was also a major focus of political protests in 2013, with scenes of violence during the winter protests, contrasted with massive but peaceful gatherings during the summer protests, when it would close every evening while protesters gathered there until late into the night.
- In Bulgarian orlov can be both eagle's and eagles, so the name in English could be seen written as Eagles' Bridge, Eagle's Bridge and even Eagle Bridge (Ryan James, Hana Mastrini, Mark Baker, Karen Torme Olson, Angela Charlton, Keith Bain, Pippa de Bruyn, Frommer's Eastern Europe, John Wiley & Sons, 2009, p.6). However Eagles is more understandable because there are four eagle statues over the bridge.
- Travel Sofia: Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook and Maps, MobileReference, 2010
- Viennese and Czech architects created many of the symbols of Sofia (in Bulgarian), Democracy, 2001-10-04
- Bulgarian National Bank. Notes and Coins in Circulation: 20 levs (1999 issue) & 20 levs (2007 issue). – Retrieved on 26 March 2009.
- Orlov Most sends the Prime Minister wishes of "Happy Birthday" and "Mafia", e-vestnik 14 June 2012. Retrieved June 2013.
- Clashes between police and protesters at Orlov Most, several injured, Dnevnik, 20 Feb 2013. Retrieved Jun 2013.
- At the Agora of the Protest, Dnevnik, 27 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
Media related to Orlov most at Wikimedia Commons