Ormeau Road

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Coordinates: 54°35′42″N 5°55′23″W / 54.595°N 5.923°W / 54.595; -5.923

Ormeau Road, May 2010

The Ormeau Road is a road in south Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland. Ormeau Park is adjacent to it. It forms part of the A24.

History[edit]

The road was first built in 1815, when it was known more commonly as the New Ballynafeigh Road before eventually taking on the name of the Ormeau Park. Ravenhill Road used to be the Old Ballynafeigh Road.[1]

Areas of the Ormeau Road[edit]

Start of the road[edit]

Gasworks from Cromac Street, October 2010

The area at the start of the Ormeau Road is not known by a single name but contains a number of features. Close to the Market Area is the Belfast Gasworks, built between 1887 and 1893 by such leading Belfast industrialists as Robert Watt, James Stelfox and John Lanyon. It remained open for its original purpose until 1988.[2] The area has been substantially redeveloped under the Laganside Corporation and now includes a number of office buildings for companies such as Halifax[3] The Gasworks is also home to the Radisson Blu Hotel Belfast.

Loyalist Donegall Pass, 1981

Donegall Pass faces the Gasworks and at one stage represented a violent interface with the Markets area. Over 25 years of work by local residents from Donegall Pass and the Markets (Gasworks Community Network) has reduced this violence which is continually monitored by an unwritten agreement imposing no flag/emblem zone between Railway bridge and Ormeau Ave.

Donegall Pass has a rich social history and has a plethora of Chinese shops and restaurants, Indian wholesalers, local cafe and sandwich bars, a pharmacy, 2 churches, antique dealers and a newly opened auction house.

Other features include the headquarters of UTV plc, Havelock House, which was home to UTV from the station went on air in October 1959 until late 2017 .[4] The headquarters of Belfast CityBeat are situated very close to Havelock House, just over the Havelock Bridge (which crosses the main Belfast to Dublin railway line which runs under the Ormeau Road).

Sinn Féin South Belfast office, Lower Ormeau Road

The Ormeau road between Donegall Pass and the Ormeau bridge includes the Belfast South constituency offices of both Sinn Féin and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) who hold the South Belfast seat at Westminster.

The Rose and Crown pub on the Lower Ormeau Road, where six civilians were killed by a UVF bomb in May 1974

This part of the Ormeau Road suffered a number of attacks during the Troubles when both Protestant and Catholic residents were killed.

In the mid 1990s the Ormeau Road became associated with political controversy as a result of parades by bands from Ballynafeigh Orange Lodge. As well as the general opposition of the community to the parades, claims were also made that members of the Lodge had demonstrated triumphalism over the murder of five men in Sean Graham's bookmakers by the UDA.[5]

In 1996, the dispute spilled over into conflict between the Lower Ormeau Residents' Action Group and the Royal Ulster Constabulary after widespread rioting led the police to effectively seal off the area for two days.[6] The Parades Commission initially supported the marchers in the dispute[7] although since 1999 parades have been banned from the area, even leading to the Orange Order briefly using the Ormeau Park as its meeting place instead of Edenderry.[8]

Until 1999, the North of Ireland Cricket and Football Club's home stadium, the Ormeau Cricket Ground – one of the earliest international rugby venues in Ireland[9] – was in the area, although, following a series of perceived sectarian arson attacks,[10] the club's merger into the Belfast Harlequins has seen the demolition of the stadium, which has been redeveloped as housing, known as Lavinia Square and Mews.[11]

The Holyland, an area mainly inhabited by university students faces this area on the western side of the road.

Above the Bridge[edit]

Ormeau Bridge, May 2010

A number of local buildings and services, such the Community Development Association,[12] the Post Office and the Orange Hall, use the name Ballynafeigh after the electoral ward, although the wider (and older) townland of Ballynafeigh also includes much of the lower Ormeau and Holyland. The Ormeau Bridge is a significant part of the architecture and history of the wider area. Work began on the bridge in 1815 and was completed by 1818 or 1822. This bridge was demolished as unusable however and was not fully rebuilt until 1863.[1] The Lagan forms the boundary between County Antrim, encompassing the inner-city districts, and County Down, lying to the south-east.

Entrance gates to the Ormeau Park, 2009

Ormeau Park is the city's oldest municipal park, dating back to 1871 and stretches from the Ormeau Road to the Ravenhill Road. It is also the home of Ormeau Golf Club. Outside the Park a cycle path has been added to the road.[13] The park was considered as an alternative venue for a new multi-purpose sports stadium, although First Minister Ian Paisley vetoed the plans.[14] Ormeau Park originally extended beyond its present Southern border taking in, what is now, Park Road, North Parade and South Parade. The original stone wall still exists and runs along the rear entry of the houses on the south side of the houses of South Parade. The wall can be seen where the entry opens out onto the Ormeau Road.

Ormeau Park has,from the start of the twentieth century, been used for all sorts of social and communal gatherings. It was the scene of the first meeting of the Ulster Vanguard on 18 March 1972 when William Craig called on his followers to attend following his decision to leave the Ulster Unionist Party. Joined by an estimated 100,000 followers Craig made a controversial speech in which he stated that "we must build up a dossier of the men and women who are a menace to this country because if and when the politicians fail us, it may be our job to liquidate the enemy".[15]

Redeveloped Ormeau Bakery, October 2010

Ormeau Bakery was the home of Ormo bread, formerly the largest independent bakery in Ireland. Robert Wilson set up the Ormeau Bakery in 1875, revolutionising the way that bread was made and distributed.[citation needed] The Bakery buildings were opened by Robert Wilson in 1890 and thrived under three generations of the Wilson family, the exterior of the building changing little over the years.[citation needed] The company celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2002 but was then bought out by Mother's Pride, leading to a closing of the site.[16] The bakery has been redeveloped as upmarket, luxury apartments with roof gardens and other decorative touches according to designs by Diarmuid Gavin.[17]

Cooke Centenary Church, a Presbyterian place of worship that faces the Bakery, is unique on the road as having no number in its postal address being simply Ormeau Park, Belfast.[1]

Ballynafeigh Orange Lodge, 2009

Ballynafeigh Orange Lodge is situated on the Ormeau Road and is the main centre for Orangeism in the area. The Lodge was formed in 1887 according to the plaque above the door. An Apprentice Boys of Derry flute band is affiliated to the Lodge.[18]

South of the Roundabout[edit]

Encompassing the areas of Rosetta and Galwally, this part of the Ormeau is a largely middle class area. It is served by local schools including Holy Rosary Primary School, St. Michael's Primary School, Rosetta Primary School, Wellington College,[19] Aquinas Grammar School[20] and St Joseph's College[21] (the latter having been formed in September 1992 by the amalgamation of St Monica's girls' school and St Augustine's boys' school).

The area is also home to the Rosario Youth Club, whose senior soccer team Rosario YC F.C. play in Division 1A of the Northern Amateur Football League. The club's teams, which compete in a number of age groups, are based at the Ulidia playing fields, opposite Ballynafeigh Orange Hall.[22]

Bredagh GAC, a local Gaelic Athletic Association club, play in the nearby Cherryvale Playing Fields on the Ravenhill Road.[23]

The Gate Lodge, a historic building within the grounds of the Good Shepherd Church at the Ormeau/Ravenhill Road roundabout, restored in 2009, is now home to the Belfast Buildings Preservation Trust.[24]

Geography[edit]

The Ormeau Road begins with the merger of Cromac Street and Ormeau Avenue (which contains the headquarters of the BBC in Northern Ireland). The road continues to Church Road where it merges into the Saintfield Road.

Politics[edit]

Ormeau Road is part of the Belfast South constituency and has Emma Little Pengelly of the Democratic Unionist Party as its Member of Parliament. The area is represented in the Northern Ireland Assembly by Clare Bailey, Claire Hanna, Paula Bradshaw, Máirtín Ó Muilleoir, Christopher Stalford.[25]

Within Belfast City Council, the area was formerly part of the Laganbank District Electoral Area which had existed since 1985. It became part of the Botanic (District Electoral Area) for the 2014 local elections and is represented by Emmet McDonough-Brown (Alliance), Deirdre Hargey (Sinn Fein), Declan Boyle (SDLP), Ruth Patterson (Independent) and Graham Craig (UUP).[26]

The area formerly lent its name to the Belfast Ormeau Parliament constituency which was represented by Thomas Moles from 1918 to 1922.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Let us take a 'walk' round Ballynafeigh". Archived from the original on 24 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  2. ^ "The Gasworks Belfast". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  3. ^ "Laganside Gasworks page". Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  4. ^ "Images of Havelock House". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  5. ^ "Orangeism – making triumphalist sectarianism respectable". Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  6. ^ "Protest: Lower Ormeau Road 1996". Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  7. ^ "Parades Commission Determination on Ormeau Road March 13 July 1998". Archived from the original on 24 January 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  8. ^ Lower Ormeau Road 1996[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ See references to Ireland's matches against Scotland from 1877 to 1889: Ireland v Scotland – Head to Head Statistics Archived 4 September 2012 at Archive.is
  10. ^ D. Sharrock, 'Goodbye to all that, as the Belfast sporting club where W.G. Grace swung his bat uproots for Protestant sanctuary', The Guardian, 13 August 1997, p. 6. Cited in Cronin, M. (2000), "Catholics and Sport in Northern Ireland: Exclusiveness or Inclusiveness?", International Sports Studies, Volume 22, Number 1, 2000. Available at http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/ISS/ISS2201/ISS2201d.pdf Archived 27 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "Clanmil Housing site". Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  12. ^ "BCDA". Archived from the original on 24 December 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  13. ^ "NICI campaigning". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  14. ^ "Paisley says no to Ormeau stadium". Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  15. ^ P. Taylor, Loyalists, London: Bloomsbury, 2000, p. 96
  16. ^ Mother's Pride to buy Ormo bakery
  17. ^ People flash the dough for Ormeau
  18. ^ "Ballynafeigh Apprentice Boys Flute Band". Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  19. ^ "Wellington College". Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  20. ^ "Aquinas Grammar School". Archived from the original on 18 June 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  21. ^ "St Joseph's College". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  22. ^ "Rosario website". Archived from the original on 11 February 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  23. ^ "Bredagh GAC Homepage". Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2009.
  24. ^ "Belfast Buildings Preservation Trust contact details". Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  25. ^ ""Statement of Persons Nominated". EONI. Retrieved 7 December 2017". Archived from the original on 19 January 2018.
  26. ^ "Botanic - Belfast City Council". www.belfastcity.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2017.