Ornithogalum umbellatum

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Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum close-up2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Tribe: Ornithogaleae
Genus: Ornithogalum
O. umbellatum
Binomial name
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Global distribution (native + introduced) of Ornithogalum umbellatum
  • Hyacinthus umbellatus (L.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Ornithogalum affine Boreau nom. illeg.
  • Ornithogalum angustifolium Boreau
  • Ornithogalum boraeanum Jord. & Fourr.
  • Ornithogalum campestre (Savi) Prain
  • Ornithogalum cespititium Jord. & Fourr.
  • Ornithogalum corymbosum Gaterau
  • Ornithogalum dioscoridis Bubani
  • Ornithogalum fasciculatum Timb.-Lagr.
  • Ornithogalum garganicum Ten.
  • Ornithogalum horologicum Stokes
  • Ornithogalum minus L.
  • Ornithogalum nanum Ten. nom. illeg.
  • Ornithogalum parviflorum Jord. & Fourr.
  • Ornithogalum peyrei Timb.-Lagr.
  • Ornithogalum praetextum Steven ex Kunth
  • Ornithogalum preumbellatum Candargy
  • Ornithogalum rusticum Jord. & Fourr.
  • Ornithogalum stellare Salisb. nom. illeg.
  • Ornithogalum tardans Jord. & Fourr.
  • Ornithogalum vulgare Sailer
  • Scilla campestris Savi
  • Stellaris corymbosa (Gaterau) Moench

Ornithogalum umbellatum, the garden star-of-Bethlehem,[2] grass lily, nap-at-noon, or eleven-o'clock lady, is a perennial bulbous flowering plant, native throughout most of southern and central Europe, north-western Africa and south-western Asia.[3] In North America, it has escaped its cultivation as a garden ornamental and can be found in many areas.[4]


This plant is perennial with bulbs below ground; the bulb is 15–25 millimetres (0.6–1.0 in) long and 18–32 mm (0.7–1.3 in) in diameter. It has 6–10 leaves, linear with a white line on the upper surface, up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long and 8 mm (0.3 in) broad, and a scape of 10–30 cm (4–12 in). The flowers group in a corymbose raceme with 6–20 flowers, and are white with a green stripe outside.[5][6]


Ornithogalum umbellatum requires considerable moisture during winter and spring, but can tolerate summer drought. It can be grown in a woodland garden as semi-shade is preferable. It is hardy to hardiness zone 5, and can become weedy. The plant is toxic. It is used in some herbal remedies.[7][8]


  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 1 October 2016
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ Euro+Med Plantbase: Ornithogalum umbellatum Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Ornithogalum umbellatum Linnaeus". Flora of North America.
  5. ^ Flora of NW Europe: Ornithogalum umbellatum[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2.
  7. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  8. ^ "Star-of-Bethlehem, snowdrop, nap-at-noon, Ornithogalum umbellatum (lily family)". Indiana Plants Poisonous to Livestock and Pets. Purdue University. Archived from the original on February 17, 2008. Retrieved May 31, 2013.

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