Orodes I of Parthia

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Coin of the Parthian King Orodes I

Orodes I of Parthia (Persian: ارد يکم‎) ruled the Parthian Empire from c. 85 to 80 BC in succession to Gotarzes I and Mithridates III. He reigned during the "Parthian Darkage," which was a period of internal turmoil and civil war for the Parthian Empire. Coins bearing Orodes' likeness were issued from the Median mints of the cities of Ecbatana and Rhagae.

The history of Parthia is quite obscure during this period, but Orodes' reign seems to have ended, as it had begun, in civil war with an unknown claimant. The name of his successor, Arsaces XVI, is also unknown, and it is only with the beginning of the reign of Sanatruces, c. 77 BC, that the line of Parthian rulers can again be reliably traced.

Orodes is mentioned as king of kings of the Arsacid dynasty in a Babylonian report of the lunar eclipse of 11 April 80 BC.


  • Toumanoff, Cyril (1986). "Arsacids". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 5. Cyril Toumanoff. pp. 525–546.
Orodes I of Parthia
Born: Unknown Died: 80 BC
Preceded by
Gotarzes I
Great King (Shah) of Parthia
90–80 BC
Succeeded by
Unknown ruler
Sanatruces (77 BC)