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2010 Dimos Oropou.svg
Oropos is located in Greece
Coordinates: 38°18′N 23°45′E / 38.300°N 23.750°E / 38.300; 23.750Coordinates: 38°18′N 23°45′E / 38.300°N 23.750°E / 38.300; 23.750
Country Greece
Administrative region Attica
Regional unit East Attica
 • Municipality 317.5 km2 (122.6 sq mi)
Lowest elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality 33,769
 • Municipality density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Population 1504
 • Area (km2) 12.0
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 190 15
Area code(s) 22950
Vehicle registration Z

Oropos (Greek: Ωρωπός), or (referring to the ancient town) Oropus, is a small town and a municipality in East Attica, Greece.


The municipality Oropos stretches between the Parnitha mountains and the South Euboean Gulf, opposite Eretria (on the island Euboea). The town Oropos, the seat of the municipality, is situated on the lower course of the river Asopos, 4 km south of the coast. It lies 4 km southwest of Nea Palatia and 36 km north of Athens. The community Oropos consists of the town Oropos and the nearby villages Kampos and Platania.


The present municipality Oropos was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 9 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):[2]


The sanctuary for the oracle of Amphiaraus at Oropos is east of Delphi, northeast of Athens

Oropos was founded by colonists from Eretria; it was either located in or identical with Graea.[3] In ancient times, it was a border city between Boeotia and Attica, and its possession was a continual cause of dispute between the two states; but ultimately it came into possession of Athens, and was always an Attic town, even during the Roman Empire. The actual harbour, which was called Delphinium, was at the mouth of the Asopus, about a mile (1.6 km) north of the city.

The famous oracle of Amphiaraus was situated in the territory of Oropus, 12 stadia from the city. The site has been excavated by the Greek Archaeological Society;[4] it contained a temple, a sacred spring, into which coins were thrown by worshippers, altars and porticoes, and a small theatre, of which the proskenion is well preserved. Worshippers used to consult the oracle of Amphiaraus by sleeping on the skin of a slaughtered ram within the sacred building.

Historical population[edit]

Year Town Community Municipality
1981 672 - -
1991 784 924 -
2001 860 1,252 -
2011 1,111 1,504 33,769
the automobile museum "O Phaeton"

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Robin Lane Fox, Travelling Heroes: In the Epic Age of Homer (Random House, 2008: ISBN 0-679-44431-9), p. 161.
  4. ^ A. Mazzarakis Ainian, "Oropos in the Early Iron Age", in M. Bats and d'Agostino, eds. Euboica: l'Eubea e la presenza euboica in Calcidia e in occidente 1998:197-215.

External links[edit]