|Oroqen Urkun; |
|Region||China: Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang|
|c. 3,789 (2009)|
Oroqen / -/, ORR-ə-chen, ORR-oh- ( Oroqen Urkun; ɔrɔtʃeen ulguur; also known as Orochon, Oronchon, Olunchun, Elunchun or Ulunchun) is a Northern Tungusic language spoken in the People's Republic of China. Dialects are Gankui and Heilongjiang. Gankui is the standard dialect. It is spoken by the Oroqen people of Inner Mongolia (predominantly the Oroqin Autonomous Banner) and Heilongjiang in Northeast China.
Since the 1980s, Oroqen-language materials were produced by teachers in Oroqen-speaking areas. They based the language's orthography either on IPA or Pinyin. A majority of Oroqen speakers use Chinese as a literary language and some also speak Daur.
Oroqen is spoken in the following counties of China:
- Heilongjiang province
- Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Listed below are some Oroqen sentences. They are transcribed in Oroqen Fonetic Alphabet.
|Arian has three elder brothers.||Arian ilan axtʃi.|
|The children are all come in.||Kʊxɑː səl ku əmtʃə.|
|Arian's elder brother is coming.||Arian axninin əmtʃə.|
|I'm a student.||Pi pite turan.|
|You're taller than me||ʃi mintu gʊkta.|
|The house is neat and tidy.||Ər dʒuː tʃaldaː le|
|Arian untied the rope||Arian uʃixəmʊə puditʃə|
|How many children do you have?||ʃi ati kʊxa tʃi piʃiniʔ|
|Arian took off his clothes||
Arian kantaxʊə purmə ədədʒə.
|Fricative||ɸ||ʃ||x ~ [ɣ] ~ [h]|
- Allophones of /x/ are heard as [ɣ], [h].
- A bilabial /ɸ/ can also be heard as a labio-dental [f].
- A rhotic trill /r/ tends to sound as a tap [ɾ], when occurring word-finally.
|High||i iː||y||u uː|
|Near-high||ɪ ɪː||ʊ ʊː|
|High-mid||eː||ə əː||o oː|