Orot Rabin

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Orot Rabin Power Station
Orot Rabin seen from Caesarea Maritima.jpg
Orot Rabin power plant and its coal pier, viewed from Caesarea Maritima
Orot Rabin is located in Israel
Orot Rabin
Location of Orot Rabin
Country Israel
Location Hadera
Coordinates 32°28′12″N 34°53′22″E / 32.47°N 34.8895°E / 32.47; 34.8895Coordinates: 32°28′12″N 34°53′22″E / 32.47°N 34.8895°E / 32.47; 34.8895
Status Operational
Construction began 1973
Commission date 1981
Owner(s) IEC
Thermal power station
Primary fuel Coal
Secondary fuel Fuel oil
Tertiary fuel Crude oil
Power generation
Units operational 4 × 375 MW
2 × 575 MW
Make and model Babcock & Wilcox
Nameplate capacity 2,590 MW

Orot Rabin (Hebrew: אורות רבין‎, lit. Rabin Lights) is a coal-fired power station situated on the Mediterranean coast in Hadera, Israel. It is owned and operated by the Israel Electric Corporation (IEC).


Construction of the station began in 1973 and block 1 (steam boiler, turbine and generator units 1-4) began operating in stages between 1981 and 1984. A second generation block (boiler, turbine and generator units 5-6) came online in 1996. A coal port is attached directly to the station which supplies all its coal consumption needs. Its total generating capacity is 2,590MW of electricity using the six power generating units (composed of two large units and four smaller units) located at the site. The plant's overall design can accommodate two additional large generation units which could be built at a future date.

The chimneys at Orot Rabin

Originally the power station was named Maor David after David Shiffman, then-chairman of the IEC who died during its lengthy period of construction. However, after the completion of a major expansion of the station in the 1990s and the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, the station was renamed in his honor to Orot Rabin, Hebrew for "Rabin Lights".

Technical description[edit]

As of 2016 the plant is Israel's largest power station with its 2,590 MW representing about 19% of the Israel Electric Corporation's total generation capacity (that is, unless Phase D expansion at the Rutenberg Power Station in Ashkelon will be built, at which point the latter would surpass Orot Rabin as Israel's largest power station). The plant burns 18,000 tons of coal every 24 hours and uses 320,000 tons of seawater every hour.[1] It is also possible to operate the station using fuel oil or crude oil. In 2009, a large desalination plant was built adjacent to the power station.

Flue-gas stack 3 of the power station is 300 metres (980 ft) tall, making it Israel's second-tallest structure after the towers of the Dimona Radar Facility.

Future operation[edit]

In 2016 the Israeli Ministry of Energy announced that it intends to instruct the IEC to shut down and mothball the older block 1 (generation units 1-4) of the station by the middle of the 2020s. The units' production's capacity will be replaced by future natural gas operated combined-cycle power plants.

Environmental issues[edit]

Orot Rabin has been accused of polluting the nearby Hadera Stream.[2] Greenpeace claims that the station pollutes the sea water when coal is unloaded from ships and the sea water used for cooling the plant ends up in the Hadera River which harms wildlife.[1]


  1. ^ a b Paz, Shelley (2007-03-01). "Greenpeace Protests at Hadera Power Plant". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  2. ^ Ashkenazy, Daniella (2008-09-17). "Hadera's lost lagoons". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2013-09-15.