Orpheus Island is a national park in North Queensland, Australia, 1,189 km (739 mi) northwest of Brisbane, as is Pelorus Island 800 metres to the north. It is part of Shire of Hinchinbrook. Besides Orpheus Island, the national park also includes Albino Rock, which is located 2.6 kilometres (1.6 mi) east of Palm Island. Palm Island is the closest location with government facilities. A research station, operated by James Cook University, is located on the island, as is an exclusive resort. St Michael's Grammar School (St Kilda) uses it for a two-week program known as GBR each June. Orpheus Island is a continental island. At the census of population 2006, Orpheus had a population of 21 (7 male and 14 female), no families.
The Aboriginal name for this island is Goolboddi Island. The name 'Orpheus' was given to the island in 1887 by Lieutenant G. E. Richards, referring to HMS Orpheus.