Orphir (Old Norse: Jorfjara/Orfjara) is a parish and settlement in Mainland, Orkney. It is approximately 9 miles (14 km) southwest of Kirkwall, and comprises a seaboard tract of about 7 by 3½ miles (11 by 5½ km), and includes Cava and the Holm of Houton. The coast includes Houton Head, about 300 ft tall (91 m), but all elsewhere is nearly level; and the interior is an assemblage of vales and hills, the latter culminating at about 700 feet (210 m) above sea level, and commanding fine views.
- John Rae (30 September 1813 – 22 July 1893), the explorer of Canada's Arctic was born at the Hall of Clestrain in this parish.
- Henry Halcro Johnston, botanist and international rugby union player was born and died at Orphir.
- Margaret Manson Graham (1860-1933), missionary nurse in Nigeria, born in Orphir
- Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
- Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) Orkneyjar ok Katanes (map, Inverness, Nevis Print)
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
- "Margaret Manson Graham" in Elizabeth L. Ewan, Sue Innes, Sian Reynolds, and Rose Pipes, ed., The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women (Edinburgh University Press 2006): 142-143. ISBN 9780748626601
This article incorporates text from - Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1882) Published by W. & A.K. Johnstone
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