Orpington High Street, with White Hart public house on the left
|Population||90,315 (Orpington and its localities) 2011 Census|
|OS grid reference||TQ460660|
|• Charing Cross||13.4 mi (21.6 km) NW|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||BR5, BR6|
Orpington is a town and area in south east London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley. It is 13.4 miles (21.6 km) south east of Charing Cross.
On the south-eastern edge of the Greater London Built-up Area, it is south of St Mary Cray, west of Ramsden, north of Goddington and Green Street Green, and east of Crofton and Broom Hill. Orpington is covered by the BR postcode area.
It is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.
Stone Age tools have been found in several areas of Orpington, including Goddington Park, Priory Gardens, the Ramsden estate, and Poverest. Early Bronze Age pottery fragments have been found in the Park Avenue area. During the building of Ramsden Boys School in 1956, the remains of an Iron Age farmstead were excavated. The area was occupied in Roman times, as shown by Crofton Roman Villa and the Roman bath-house at Fordcroft. During the Anglo-Saxon period, Fordcroft Anglo-Saxon cemetery was used in the area.
The first record of the name Orpington occurs in 1038, when King Cnut's treasurer Eadsy gave land at "Orpedingetune" to the Monastery of Christ Church at Canterbury. The name means 'Orped's farmstead', Orped being an Anglo-Saxon first-name. All Saints was also built in the Anglo-Saxon period. On 22 July 1573, Queen Elizabeth I was entertained at Bark Hart (Orpington Priory) and her horses stabled at the Anchor and Hope Inn on the High Street.
Historically, the major local commercial centre was nearby St Mary Cray rather than Orpington. St Mary Cray had a regular market, and industry (paper mills and bell foundry). In contrast, Orpington was a small country village surrounded by soft fruit farms, hop fields and orchards. These crops attracted Romani people, working as itinerant pickers, to annual camps in local meadows and worked-out chalk pits. Although this work has largely ended, the Borough still provides a permanent site for travellers at Star Lane, and historic gatherings are commemorated in local street names, such as Romany Rise. In 1967, Eric Lubbock, then Liberal MP for Orpington, promoted a Private Member's Bill to provide permanent Romani sites; this resulted in the Caravan Sites Act 1968 that placed an obligation upon local authorities to provide sites for locally residing travellers. In 1971, an international meeting of Romany people was held at Orpington; this Orpington Congress marked the founding of the International Romani Union, a group seeking political representation for Romanis throughout Europe.
Orpington railway station opened in 1868 to the southwest of the town centre, prompting housing development in the Crofton and Broom Hill areas, with the Derry Downs areas to the east also developed at about the same time. The station was expanded in 1904, prompting a wave of house building that peaked in the 1920-30s, transforming the area into a suburb of London. The Walnuts Shopping Centre was built in the early 1970s.
Orpington has been part of the London Borough of Bromley since 1 April 1965. Prior to this Orpington's local government was the Orpington Urban District within the county of Kent. Orpington forms part of the Orpington (UK Parliament constituency) and the current MP is Gareth Bacon, who has held the seat since 2019 for the Conservative Party. Orpington constituency, which covers a large swathe of southern Bromley borough, is regarded as a Conservative safe seat, with the party winning the seat in every general election held since 1970. Gareth Bacon is also the London Assembly member for the Bexley and Bromley constituency in which Orpington is located.
By-election of 1962
After the Conservative member for the Orpington constituency, Donald Sumner, had resigned to become a county court judge, a by-election was held on 15 March 1962. Orpington was considered a safe Conservative seat, but Eric Lubbock, the Liberal candidate, won with a 22% swing away from the Conservatives. The result caused a sensation and was headline news across the nation. It is from this win that the revival of the Liberal Party is usually dated.
Data from the 2011 census reported that the population of Orpington was 15,311 with 52% being female and 48% male. The average age is 42, slightly above the national average age of 40. 86% of Orpington's population was born in England, with the second highest group being those born in Scotland at 1.1%. 95.1% of Orpington's population speak English, with 'Others' at 0.4%. Christianity is the most prominent religion in Orpington, with 63.1% of the population identifying as Christian; 'no religion' was second with 24.4% and Islam third at 2.1%. 45 people identify as Jewish and five as Buddhist. 51.1% of the local population is married, 23.8% are single, 8.2% cohabit with a partner of the opposite sex and 0.5% cohabit with a partner of the same sex. The leading occupation is 'professionals' who make up 19.2% of the population followed by administrative and secretarial at 16.2%.
Retail and commerce
The High Street and adjacent Walnuts Shopping Centre contain a variety of high-street shops, pubs and restaurants. A large Tesco supermarket opened in 2009 on the site of a former multi-storey car park. There is also a general market three days a week in front of Orpington College. In 2017 a restricted parking zone was introduced on Orpington High Street, which enabled the council to wipe away road markings indicating parking restrictions. By combining the lack of markings with CCTV monitoring, the council has been able to reduce the amount of street clutter and improve the quality of the High Street environment.
Much of the town's retailers reside at the Nugent Shopping Park. This retail park is located to the north of the high street, in the St Mary Cray area. The vicinity of the park also hosts several 'big box' retail outlets. Following the relocation of Marks & Spencer from their town-centre store to the Nugent Shopping Park, their previous site was taken over by Sainsbury's, who moved from their site nearby in the Walnuts.
Sport and leisure
The Walnuts Leisure Centre, just east of the High Street, has a six-lane, 33.3-metre indoor swimming pool, squash courts and a gym with sauna and steam room, as well as a sports hall used for activities such as badminton, basketball, trampolining and fitness classes. The sports hall is also used for Women's Artistic Gymnastics, and the leisure centre has been the main training venue for Orpington Gymnastic Club since the opening of the centre.
The Walnuts has been home to the Orpington Ojays swimming club for nearly 40 years. The club caters for those learning to swim right through to elite swimmers who wish to swim competitively at the county and national levels.
There are also other leisure centres such as one situated at Harris Academy Orpington, which has a floodlit, synthetic pitch for hockey and football, three outdoor tennis courts, two netball courts, four outdoor cricket nets and a sports hall with gymnasium/fitness suite and dance studio. Another is Pure Gym, a members-only health club on Sandy Lane which was previously LA Fitness but changed causing controversy in late 2015. Other exercise facilities include bodybuilding gym Ripped Muscle And Fitness located on Orpington high street, Keddles Gym, Jack Watson's martial arts club, and Anytime fitness which can be found on Orpington high street.
There are rugby, football, tennis and cricket pitches in Goddington Park which are used by Westcombe Park RFC, Orpington Cricket Club and Orpington Football Club. Westcombe Park RFC competes in National League 3 London & SE (four leagues below premiership rugby). 'Combe' moved from the Blackheath area to Orpington in 1936. Cray Wanderers F.C., established in 1860 no longer plays in Orpington, but now shares a ground with Bromley F.C. On 3 October 2014 Cray Wanderers signed a conditional contract to purchase Flamingo Park Sports Centre on the A20 Sidcup bypass. The club subsequently obtained planning permission from Bromley Council for a new sporting community hub, featuring a new multi-sport stadium with a spectator capacity of 2,200. However, in July 2016 new London Mayor Sadiq Kahn vetoed the plan as part of his pledge to protect green belt land. The plan will now be heard by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government in order to give a final ruling on a new ground for Cray Wanderers.
Since 1985, members of Orpington Road Runners have met every Tuesday near The Buff Pub and on Sundays at High Elms Country Park. For over 10 years, the club has organised a 10k race and series of 2k fun runs during the summer in conjunction with Darrick Wood School. Bromley Indoor Bowls Club is situated off Gillmans Road. Lawn bowls is played at the Excelsior Club in Poverest Recreation Ground. Knoll Lawn Tennis Club has (despite its name) five tarmac courts tucked away among the houses of Mayfield Avenue and Lynwood Grove. Bromley Tennis Centre (six indoor courts and four floodlit outdoor courts) is in the grounds of Newstead Wood School.
Construction work on a new cinema complex at The Walnuts Centre commenced in 2014; the seven screen Odeon Cinema opened on 26 February 2016. Orpington was without a cinema since 1982, when the old Commodore cinema closed.
Education in Orpington is managed by the London Borough of Bromley which is the local education authority. The town contains a range of primary and secondary schools. The state secondary schools include St. Olave's Grammar School and Newstead Wood School, which both select students on the basis of their performance in a highly competitive entrance examination.
The Orpington campus of Bromley College, Bromley is a further education college, affiliated with the University of Greenwich and Canterbury Christ Church University. It was originally built as Orpington College in 1972, and remains the tallest building in the area, being refurbished in 2008 and then merging with Bromley College in 2011.
Orpington railway station is a transport hub served by Southeastern with trains to the Central London stations of Charing Cross and Cannon Street via Grove Park, as well as Victoria via Bromley South and Herne Hill. In the other direction services call at Sevenoaks, Tunbridge Wells and Hastings.
Orpington is served by many Transport for London bus services as well as an Arriva Kent Thameside service and a Go Coach Buses service.
The M25 motorway around London passes Orpington to the south of the town and three A roads, the A208, A224 and A232, pass through the area. Additionally, the A21 passes along the town's southern border.
The Parish Church
The Parish Church is All Saints Church which stands upon pre-Norman foundations. Mentioned in the Domesday Book, it is Early English in style, but some Saxon work is still visible. It was endowed by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1173. The tower and steeple were damaged by a storm in 1771. The rebuilt steeple was struck by lightning in 1809, and it was not replaced. The church was greatly enlarged in 1957. The present Vicar is the Reverend George Rogers.
The Priory is a medieval hall house. In 1032, Eadsy, chaplain to King Cnut, gave his estate at Orpedingetune to Christ Church Priory, Canterbury. The first Rector of Orpington, Hugh de Mortimer, held court here in 1270. The house was rebuilt in 1290, this time in stone, and extended in 1393 and 1471. In the 17th century the house ceased to be a rectory and passed into private ownership; a timber-framed extension was added, which no longer exists. The house was acquired by Orpington Urban District Council in 1947, and used to house a museum which closed in September 2015 for cost reasons.
The Grade II listed Priory Gardens designed by the last private owners of The Priory, Cecil and Lilian Hughes, consists of Italianate and Arts & Crafts style formal gardens reflecting the Hughes respective interests, a landscaped park with children's play area, and a trio of natural ponds where the River Cray rises. Each year the Orpington May Queen is crowned in the gardens.
During the First World War a large military hospital, the "16th Canadian General", was built south-east of the station, funded by the government of Ontario, Canada. It originally accommodated 1,050 patients; an extra wing was added in 1917. By January 1919 more than 25,000 wounded soldiers had been treated here. Most of the original pre-fabricated buildings remained in use for more than 80 years before a major renovation around the turn of the century. Today Orpington Hospital provides rehabilitation and therapy services, outpatient and diagnostic services (including dermatology and diabetes), but it no longer has an Accident and Emergency Unit. The nearest A&E is Princess Royal University Hospital, Farnborough.
Orpington War Memorial
Orpington War Memorial standing at the end of the High Street is a focal point for Remembrance Sunday. It was designed by local architect Charles Heaton Comyn and unveiled on Sunday 28 August 1921.[self-published source?] It originally contained the names of 111 local men who died in the Great War, however further names were added later, bringing the total for the Great War up to 117.
A campaign in 1997–98 for the remembrance of 432 armed forces personnel who fell in the Second World War resulted in the unveiling of eight more plaques on Sunday 2 August 1999. Another new plaque has been added detailing the eight local men who have died on active duty since 1945.
In the corner of All Saints' Church sits Canadian Corner. This is a First World War memorial that marks where 182 soldiers who died being treated at Orpington Hospital are buried. The name derives from the fact 88 of those buried are Canadians. Canadian Corner is unique in that its design resembles that of First World War Cemeteries found in France & Belgium, with the text on the memorial suggesting that the Memorial Cross was the first outside of the Western Front, as the English public were interested in how the war cemeteries looked. The Memorial Cross in Canadian Corner was unveiled in 1921 in the presence of the High Commissioner for Canada. The automatic plunger used to release the Union flag which hid the Cross was the same used by George V during the unveiling of The Cenotaph a year earlier. The Memorial Cross in Canadian Corner was the first Canadian Memorial unveiled in the UK.
Orpington chicken and duck
Orpington is known for the "Buff", "Black" and "Speckled" chickens bred locally by William Cook in the 1890s. One could see the Buff Orpington at Tripes Farm, Chelsfield Lane until the late 1990s when the chicken coop was removed from the farm. Buff Orpington Ducks were also developed by Cook. The town still has a pub called Buff, originally named in honour of the Buff Orpington.
The Orpington Car, designed by Frank Smith and built by Smith & Milroy Ltd at their works in Wellington Road, was shown at the 1920 Motor Show. It was a two-seater convertible, with a dickey seat, and a 10 horsepower (7.5 kW) engine. Although briefly successful, Smith and Milroy could not compete with mass production, and the last car was commonly believed[who?] to have been built in 1925. The only known survivor at the time reportedly once appeared in the 1970s television series Crossroads, but this has not been substantiated. There are now no known surviving examples.
Journalists in the 1960s used "Orpington man" to designate a typical member of the lower middle class, for example as the target audience of an electoral or advertising appeal.
- Areas of Orpington were used as filming locations for the 1978 crime film Give Us Tomorrow.
- Who Believes In Orpington was a series about the role of the church in contemporary suburban life. Aired February 1988.
- The Save the Children shop in Orpington High Street was the subject of "Mary Queen of Charity Shops", where Mary Portas set out to improve the takings and image of the charity shop. Aired June 2009 on BBC2.
- The Simpsons live action intro sequence was filmed off Lansdowne Avenue, Orpington.
- Friar Road, Orpington was the filming location for the tree scene in the 2020 John Lewis Christmas advert.
- Neil Taylor (b. 1959) - cricketer, born in Orpington.
- Dina Asher-Smith (b. 1995) - sprinter, born and grew up in Orpington.
- Allan Octavian Hume (1829-1912) - notable ornithologist and founder of the Indian National Congress.
- Jeremy Barnes (b. 1970) - cricketer and clergyman.
- Jeremy Beadle (1948-2008) - TV presenter, writer and producer, attended Orpington County Secondary Boys' School.
- Steve Bennett (b. 1961) - football referee, lives in Orpington.
- Kevin Bishop (b. 1980) - actor and comedian, grew up in the area.
- Tony Cascarino (b. 1962) - footballer, grew up in Orpington.
- Len Choules (b. 1932) - footballer, born in Orpington.
- Joe Choong (b. 1995) - athlete, born in Orpington.
- Lesley Collier (b. 1947) - ballet dancer, born in Orpington.
- Patience Darton (1911-1996) - nurse and political activist, notably during the Spanish Civil War, who was born in Orpington.
- Frank Everist (1885-1945) - footballer, born in Orpington.
- Nigel Farage (b. 1964) - politician.
- David Ford (b. 1951) - politician and Northern Ireland Justice Minister, born and grew up in Orpington.
- Joan Glass (1915-2012) - textile designer and painter, born in Orpington.
- Andy Green (b. 1962) - fighter pilot and world Land Speed Record holder, attended St Olave's Grammar School.
- Ben Greenhalgh (b. 1992) - footballer and winner of Football's Next Star, born in Orpington.
- Jonathan Haggerty (b. 1997) - Muay Thai fighter, grew up in Orpington.
- Pamela Harrison (1915-1990) - pianist and composer, born in Orpington.
- Billy Idol (b. 1955) - singer, spent part of his childhood in the town.
- Emma Johnson (b. 1966) - clarinettist and BBC Young Musician of the Year in 1984, attended school in Orpington.
- Nic Jones (b. 1947)- folk singer, born in Orpington.
- Barry Knight (b. 1960) - football referee.
- Nish Kumar (b. 1985) – comedian, attended St Olave's Grammar School.
- Trevor Lake (b. 1968) - footballer, born in Orpington.
- Josie Long (b. 1982) - comedian, grew up in the town.
- Eric Lubbock (1928-2016) - politician and civil rights campaigner, local MP for a period.
- Scott Minto (b. 1971) - footballer and TV presenter, President of Orpington Rovers FC.
- Tim Page (b. 1944) - photographer, grew up in Orpington.
- Stuart Pigott (b. 1960) - wine critic and author, born in the town.
- Claire Rafferty (b. 1989) - footballer, grew up in the town.
- Vezey Raffety (1906-1901) - cricketer.
- Gary Rhodes (1960-2019) - TV chef, lived in the area.
- Hubert Shirley-Smith (1901-1981) - civil engineer, lived in Orpington in the latter part of his life.
- Max Splodge - singer in Splodgenessabounds, grew up in the town.
- ^ Orpington is made up of 6 wards in the London Borough of Bromley: Chelsfield and Pratts Bottom, Cray Valley East, Cray Valley West, Farnborough and Crofton, Orpington, and Petts Wood and Knoll. "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates | London DataStore". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
- ^ "London Borough of Bromley | Poverest Road Bath House and Anglo-Saxon Cemetery". 16 June 2006. Archived from the original on 16 June 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j Willey, Russ (2006). The London Gazetteer. Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd. p. 369.
- ^ Pateman, John (2009). The Ramsden Estate. United Kingdom: Pateran Press. p. 28. ISBN 9780956081285.
- ^ Stopping Places: A Gypsy History of South London and Kent Simon Evans (Univ of Hertfordshire Press 2004) ISBN 1-902806-30-1
- ^ The Roma (Czech Helsinki Committee for Human Rights, October 2002) Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine accessed 3 December 2007.
- ^ Bacon, Gareth (5 February 2020). "WATCH Orpington's new MP Gareth Bacon deliver his maiden speech in Parliament". Gareth Bacon. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- ^ "Bexley & Bromley 2016 election results". Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- ^ BBC News "On This Day", Entry for 15 March. "1962 Liberals Seize Orpington". BBC: 2008. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- ^ Yates, Nigel (2001). Kent in the Twentieth Century. Boydell & Brewer. pp. 166–168. ISBN 9780851155876. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - Office for National Statistics". ons.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Orpington Demographics (Bromley, England)". orpington.localstats.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Fisk, Robert (18 May 2009). "ORPINGTON: Tesco opening 'exceeds expectations'". News Shopper. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ London Borough of Bromley. "New style restricted parking zone in Orpington High Street - London Borough of Bromley". bromley.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Surveillance Camera Code of Practice" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- ^ "In Search of the Crays - St Mary, St Paul's and Foots". 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- ^ http://www.bromleymytime.org.uk/walnuts-leisure-centre.html Archived 6 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine bromleymytime.org.uk
- ^ http://www.orpington-gymnastic-club.org.uk Archived 21 January 2021 at the Wayback Machine orpington-gymnastic-club.org.uk
- ^ http://www.bromleymytime.org.uk/priory-sports-centre.html Archived 6 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine bromleymytime.org.uk
- ^ Tom Pyman. "Orpington gym closure sparks outrage among members - News - Bromley Times". bromleytimes.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Ripped – Ripped Muscle and Fitness". rippedmuscleandfitnessltd.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Home - Keddles Gym". keddles.co.uk. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ http://www.self-defence.org/ Archived 5 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine self-defence.org
- ^ "Anytime Fitness Gyms Orpington, England Fitness Centers Orpington". Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ http://www.westcombeparkrugby.co.uk Archived 20 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine westcombeparkrugby.co.uk
- ^ "Orpington Cricket Club | Home". orpingtoncc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "車のメーター". orpingtonfc.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Football's coming home: Cray Wanderers Football Club is finally getting a home in Chislehurst after 44 years (From News Shopper)". newsshopper.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Cray Wanderers stadium plans vetoed by Sadiq Khan - but refusal could be reversed as decision is called in (From News Shopper)". newsshopper.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Orpington Road Runners". orprunners.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ http://www.orprunners.com/orpington10k Archived 14 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine orprunners.com
- ^ "Orpington Excelsior Bowling Club". oebc.org.uk. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ http://knoll.totaltennis.net/home/aboutUs.asp Archived 26 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine knoll.totaltennis.net
- ^ "Miller Developments -". Archived from the original on 29 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ News Shopper article New 7-screen Odeon cinema in Orpington High Street announces its official opening date accessed from http://www.newsshopper.co.uk/ Archived 21 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Commodore Cinema, High Street, Orpington, Bromley, 1982 | | Ideal Homes". ideal-homes.org.uk. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Our History". London South East Colleges. Archived from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ a b Historic England. "All Saints Church (1083559)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "History". All Saints Orpington. 19 February 2013. Archived from the original on 28 September 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Vicar: The Rev'd George Rogers". All Saints', The Parish Church of Orpington. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- ^ "Bromley Council bosses vote to relocate borough's museum from Orpington Priory". News Shopper. 15 June 2015. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- ^ "Priory Gardens, Orpington, Bromley - 1001444 Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
- ^ "History". Orpington May Queen. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Lost Hospitals of London". ezitis.myzen.co.uk. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- ^ "Remembrance Sunday services in Bromley borough 2015: Where to find them (From News Shopper)". newsshopper.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ a b c Pateman, J. (2012). Orpington War Memorial. Lulu.com. p. 3. ISBN 9781471082832. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2017.[self-published source]
- ^ a b "Canadian Corner | All Saints' Church Orpington". allsaintsorpington.wordpress.com. 15 July 2013. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Tim Harding; Bryan Goodman (15 July 2009). Motoring Around Kent: The First Fifty Years. Amberley Publishing Limited, 2009. ISBN 9781445623740. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- ^ Mulligan, Trevor (2012). Rediscovering... the Orpington Car: The Definitive Guide. Timeline Books, 2012. ISBN 9780957312906. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- ^ David Childs, Britain since 1945 (3rd ed. 1992) pp 140, 146
- ^ a b "Lord Avebury obituary | Politics | The Guardian". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Give Us Tomorrow (1978) - IMDb". imdb.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "London's Screen Archives: Who Believes in Orpington". londonsscreenarchives.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "BBC Two - Mary Queen of Charity Shops, Episode 1". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Simpsons Live Action Couch Gag – Simpsons Crazy". www.simpsoncrazy.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- ^ "Orpington plays central role in John Lewis Christmas ad". News Shopper.
- ^ "Neil Taylor". Cric Info. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- ^ "Dina Asher-Smith: The making of a world champion". BBC Sport. 2 October 2019. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Orpington sprinter star Dina Asher-Smith 'over the moon' with gold medal at European Championships (From News Shopper)". newsshopper.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Moulton (2004); Encyclopædia Britannica and some older sources give his birthplace as Montrose, Forfarshire.
- ^ "Obituary: Jeremy Beadle | Media | The Guardian". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Referee Steve Bennett switches sports from football to cricket". kentonline.co.uk. 6 July 2009. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Joshua Fowler. "Actor Kevin Bishop on his rise to fame from Orpington drama school - News - Bromley Times". bromleytimes.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Tony Cascarino". IMDB. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ Purkiss, Mike; Sands, Nigel (1990). Crystal Palace: A Complete Record 1905–1989. The Breedon Books Publishing Company. p. 68. ISBN 0907969542.
- ^ "Double Olympian Nick Woodbridge returns for European Championships". Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne. Archived from the original on 27 January 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- ^ "Joseph Choong becomes first Brit to win the European U16 Modern Pentathlon". Croydon Advertiser. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2016.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Lesley Collier - Oxford Reference". www.oxfordreference.com. Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- ^ Haag, John (10 December 2019). "Darton, Patience (1911–1996)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Cengage. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020 – via Encyclopedia.Com.
- ^ "Everist, Frank James" (PDF). Croydon Common player profiles. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- ^ "Who is the real Nigel Farage? How personal success and brushes with death have shaped him | UK | News | Daily Express". express.co.uk. 24 May 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "David Ford". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Joan Glass". Fry Gallery. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- ^ Whitworth, Damian (17 November 2012). "Andy Green: the fastest man on Earth". The Times. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "From Inter Milan To Maidstone: The Incredible Story Of Ben Greenhalgh". Sport Bible. Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "How Jonathan Haggerty Became A Teenage World Champion". ONE Championship. 23 April 2019. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- ^ "Pamela Harrison - composer (1915-1990)". pamelaharrisoncomposer.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Classical Music 12/2/10". Belfasttelegraph. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Nic Jones - Artist Directory | TeamRock". teamrock.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ The making of a masterpiece Archived 16 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine ("Penguin Eggs" – Folk magazine).
- ^ "A Knight to remember: The Bolton view". www2.newsquest.co.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Home town Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine reference: BBC.co.uk article.
- ^ Laker, Chris (28 July 2017). "Who is Nish Kumar? Everything you need to know about the host of BBC Two's The Mash Report". BT Group.
- ^ "Colchester United – Player profile". Coludata.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
- ^ "My Secret Life: Josie Long, comedian, 28 | The Independent". independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Orpington Rovers Football Club". orfc.info. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ "Mourning Vietnam | From the Observer | The Guardian". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Stuart Pigott.de: Über mich Archived 17 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine, accessed on 16 March 2008
- ^ Linney, Sarah (1 July 2015). "Orpington footballer to play in World Cup semi-finals tonight". Bromley Times. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- ^ "Teams Vezey Raffety played for". CricketArchive. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- ^ "Orpington, Greater London, Cringing Cult of Celebrity". knowhere.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- ^ Watson, Garth (1989). The Smeatonians: The Society of Civil Engineers. Thomas Telford Ltd. p. 140. ISBN 0-7277-1526-7.
- ^ "The Mistakes - A Punk History with Pictures". punk77.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- Trevor Mulligan (2012). Rediscovering... The Orpington Car. Timeline Books. ISBN 978-0-9573129-0-6.
- Dorothy Cox (1983). The Book of Orpington. Barracuda Books. ISBN 0-86023-164-X.
- John Edwards (1991). A Look Back at Orpington. Bromley Leisure Services. ISBN 0-901002-13-5.
- Media related to Orpington, London at Wikimedia Commons
- 2001 Census information for the Orpington ward at Bromley.org[permanent dead link]
- Bromley London Borough Council - Orpington town centre Accessed on 1 February 2006
- Website set up by volunteers using historic evidence and copyright free images and pictures
- Orpington Ojays Swimming Club
- "Rediscovering... The Orpington Car" by Trevor Mulligan. A 100+ page A5 definitive guide, published 2012.