Orrin H. Pilkey

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Orrin Pilkey
OPilkey R037.jpg
Orrin H. Pilkey
Born (1934-09-19) September 19, 1934 (age 83)
Nationality American
Alma mater Florida State University
University of Montana
Washington State College
Occupation Professor at Duke University

Orrin H. Pilkey (born September 19, 1934) is Professor Emeritus of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment, at Duke University, and Founder and Director Emeritus of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines (PSDS) which is currently based at Western Carolina University.[1] (,[2][3])

Life and career[edit]

Pilkey received his B.S. degree in geology at Washington State College, his M.S. degree in geology at the University of Montana and his Ph.D. degree in geology at Florida State University. Between 1962 and 1965, he was a research professor at the University of Georgia Marine Institute on Sapelo Island.[4] He has been at Duke University since 1965, with one year breaks with the Department of Marine Science at the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, and with the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

Pilkey began his career with the study of abyssal plains on the deep sea floor. As a result of the destruction of his parents' house in Waveland, Mississippi in Hurricane Camille (1969), he switched to the study of coasts. Pilkey's research centers on both basic and applied coastal geology, focusing primarily on barrier island coasts and the effects of shoreline stabilization and development, and sea-level rise. The PSDS has analyzed the numerical models used by coastal geologists and engineers to predict the movement of beach sand, especially in beach replenishment. In general, Pilkey argues that mathematical models cannot be used to accurately predict the behavior of beaches, although they can be useful if directional or orders-of-magnitude answers are sought. In the book, Useless Arithmetic, written with his daughter, Linda Pilkey-Jarvis, they argue that the outcome of natural processes in general cannot be accurately predicted by mathematical models.[5] The Rising Sea, written with Rob Young, current director of PSDS, focuses on the global threat from sea level rise. The Last Beach sounds the alarm that recreation on many of the world's beaches is going to be a thing of the past. It explains that "the future of the world's beaches hangs in the balance, from big threats such as engineering, mining, and pollution, to activities that seem harmless, like driving on beaches." In many places, pollution is in the beach sand as well as in the water. Retreat from a Rising Sea, written with daughter, Linda, and son, Keith, highlights the need for moving back from the coast, a process that is already beginning in some parts of the world, such as Arctic barrier islands, atolls, and river deltas. The authors think that New Orleans and Miami, among other cities, are doomed. His most recent book, Lessons from the Sand, offers easy experiments for kids (and adults)to do while learning about beach processes. Orrin co-wrote this colorful book which is completely illustrated by his son and co-author, Charles Pilkey, an artist/sculptor.[6]

Pilkey has received numerous awards, among them the Francis Parker Shepard medal for excellence in marine geology in 1987,[7] and in 2003, the Priestley Award, for distinguished research in coastal geology and public service in policy formulation and education about America’s coastal resources, presented by Dickinson College, Pennsylvania.[8] In 1990, the North Carolina Wildlife Federation in cooperation with theNational Wildlife Federation, presenting Pilkey the Governor's Award, for Conservation Educator of the Year. Several others include: 1992, George V. Cohee Public Service Award, Eastern Section, AAPG, in recognition of the many accomplishments and untiring efforts in research and public education concerning the processes and geologic hazards in coastal zones, from The American Association of Petroleum Geologists; 1993, James H. Shea Award, for exceptional contributions in the form of writing and/or editing of Earth Science materials, from the National Association of Geology Teachers; 1993, American Geological Institute Award, for outstanding contributions to the public understanding of geology, for developing the 20-volume book series, Living with the Shore (with William Neal); and in 2001, he received the Honorary Doctor of Science Degree, University of the South (Sewanee), Sewanee, Tennessee. In 2012, Duke University honored Pilkey by naming a new research building for him at the Duke Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, North Carolina.[9]

Pilkey has published more than 250 technical publications and 45 books and has appeared in several documentary films (see below).

===BOOKS===

  • Pilkey, C.O.,and O.H. Pilkey. 2016. Lessons from the Sand: Family-Friendly Science Activities You Can Do On A Carolina Beach. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 221 pages.[10]
  • Pilkey, O.H., L. Pilkey-Jarvis, and K.C. Pilkey. 2016. Retreat from a Rising Sea: Hard Choices in an Age of Climate Change. New York: Columbia University Press. 214 pages.[11]
  • Pilkey, O.H., and J.A.G. Cooper. 2014. The Last Beach. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 264 pages. ISBN 978-0-8223-5809-1[12]
  • Cooper, J.A.G., and O.H. Pilkey (eds.). 2012. Pitfalls of Shoreline Stabilization: Selected Case Studies. New York: Springer. 333 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H., W.J. Neal, J.T. Kelley, J.A.G. Cooper. 2011. The World's Beaches: A Global Guide to the Science of the Shoreline. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 283 pages.[13]
  • Pilkey, O.H., and K.C. Pilkey. 2011. Global Climate Change: A Primer. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 142 pages. ISBN 978-0-8223-5109-2

[14]

  • Kelley, J.T., O.H. Pilkey, and J.A.G. Cooper (eds.), 2009. America's Most Vulnerable Coastal Communities. Geological Society of America Special Paper 460, 179 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H., and R. Young. 2009. The Rising Sea. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. 203 pages. ISBN 978-1-59726-191-3[15]
  • Neal, W.J., O.H. Pilkey, and J.T. Kelley. 2007. Atlantic Coast Beaches: A Guide to Ripples, Dunes, and Other Natural Features of the Seashore. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company. 272 pages.[16]
  • Pilkey, O.H., and L. Pilkey-Jarvis. 2007. Useless Arithmetic: Why Environmental Scientists Can’t Predict the Future. New York: Columbia University Press. 230 pages. ISBN 978-0-231-13213-8 [17]
  • Pilkey, O.H., T.M. Rice, and W.J. Neal. 2004. How to Read a North Carolina Beach. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 162 pages. ISBN 978-0-8078-5510-2 [18]
  • Pilkey, O.H., and M.E. Fraser. 2003. A Celebration of the World's Barrier Islands. New York: Columbia University Press. 309 pages.

[19]

  • Bush, D.M., O.H. Pilkey, and W.J. Neal. 1996. Living by the Rules of the Sea. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 179 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H., and K.L. Dixon. 1996. The Corps and the Shore. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. 272 pages.[20]
  • Finkl, C., and O.H. Pilkey (eds.), 1991. The Impacts of Hurricane Hugo. Sept. 10-22, 1989. Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue #8.
  • Kraus, N.C., and O.H. Pilkey (eds.), 1988. The Effects of Seawalls on the Beach. Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue #4, 146 pages.
  • Nummedal, D., O.H. Pilkey, and J.D. Howard (eds.), 1987. Sea Level Rise and Coastal Evolution (Armstrong Price Symposium). Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication #41, 266 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H. Sr., W.D. Pilkey, O.H. Pilkey Jr., and W.J. Neal, 1984. Coastal Design, A Guide for Planners, Developers and Homeowners. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 224 pages.

Doyle, L.J., and O.H. Pilkey (eds.), 1979. The Geology of Continental Slopes. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Paper No. 27, 374 pages.

  • Kaufman, W., and O.H. Pilkey. 1979. The Beaches Are Moving: The Drowning of America's Shoreline. Anchor Doubleday, 326 pages. (Book of the Month Club Alternate Selection, 1980). Paperback edition (1983), Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 336 pages.[21]
  • Pilkey, O.H., W.J. Neal, and O.H. Pilkey Sr., 1978. From Currituck to Calabash. Raleigh, NC: N.C. Science and Technology Research Center, 228 pages. 2nd edition, 191 pages. 3rd edition, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  • Pilkey, O.H., and S.J. Fritz (eds.), 1976. A Marine Atlas of Puerto Rico. San German, Puerto Rico: M.J. Cerame VIVAS, Inc., 139 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H., O.H. Pilkey Sr., and R. Turner, 1975. How to Live With an Island. Raleigh, NC: Dept. of Natural and Economic Resources, 191 pages.
  • Swift, D.J.P., D.B. Duane, and O.H. Pilkey (eds.), 1972. Shelf Sediment Transport, Process and Pattern. Stroudsburg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Inc., 656 pages.
  • Newton, J.G., O.H. Pilkey, and J.O. Blanton, 1971. An Oceanographic Atlas of the Carolina Continental Margin. N.C. Dept. of Conservation and Development, 57 pages.

===LIVING WITH THE SHORE BOOK SERIES===

  • Bush, D.M., W.J. Neal, N.J. Longo, et al. 2004. Living with Florida's Atlantic Beaches, Coastal Hazards from Amelia Island to Key West. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 338 pages.[22]
  • Bush, D.M., N.J. Longo, W.J. Neal, et al. 2001. Living on the Edge of the Gulf: The West Florida and Alabama Coast. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 340 pages.[23]
  • Pilkey, O.H., W.J. Neal, S.R. Riggs, et al. 1998.The North Carolina Shore and Its Barrier Islands. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 318 pages.
  • Komar, P.D., 1997. The Pacific Northwest Coast, Living with the Shores of Oregon and Washington. Pilkey, O.H., and W.J. Neal (eds.). Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 195 pages.
  • Lennon, J., W.J. Neal, D.M. Bush, O.H. Pilkey, M.L. Stutz, and J. Bullock, 1996. Living with the South Carolina Coast. 2nd Edition (revised), Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 241 pages.
  • Mason, O., O.H. Pilkey, and W.J. Neal. 1996. Living with the Alaska Coast. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 348 pages.
  • Bush, D.M., et al., 1995. Living with the Puerto Rico Shore. Pilkey, O.H., and W.J. Neal (eds.). Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 193 pages.
  • Clayton, T.D., et al., 1992. Living with the Georgia Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 188 pages.
  • Patton, P.C., and J.M. Kent, 1992. A Moveable Shore: The Fate of the Connecticut Coast. Pilkey, O.H., and W.J. Neal (eds.). Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 143 pages.
  • Kelley, J.T., A.R. Kelley, and O.H. Pilkey, 1989. Living with the Coast of Maine. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 174 pages.
  • Ward, L.G., P.S. Rosen, W.J. Neal, O.H. Pilkey Jr., et al. 1989. Living with the Chesapeake Bay and Virginia's Ocean Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 236 pages.
  • Carter, C., et al., 1987. Living with the Lake Erie Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 263 pages.
  • Nordstrom, K.F., et al., 1986. Living with the New Jersey Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 191 pages.
  • Canis, W.F., W.J. Neal, O.H. Pilkey Jr., and O.H. Pilkey Sr., 1985. Living with the Mississippi Alabama Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 214 pages.
  • Griggs, G., and L. Savoy (eds.), 1985. Living with the California Coast. Pilkey, O.H., and W.J. Neal, (Series eds.). Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 393 pages.
  • Pilkey, O.H. Jr., S. Dinesh, H. Wanless, et al. 1984. Living with the East Florida Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 259 pages.
  • Neal, W.J., C. Blakeney, and O.H. Pilkey, 1984. Living with the South Carolina Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 157 pages.
  • Doyle, L.J., et al. 1984. Living with the West Florida Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 222 pages.
  • Kelley, J.R., A.R. Kelley, O.H. Pilkey, and A.A. Clark, 1984. Living with the Louisiana Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 164 pages.
  • McCormick, L.R., O.H. Pilkey Jr., W.J. Neal, and O.H. Pilkey Sr., 1984. Living with Long Island's South Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 157 pages.
  • Morton, R.N., O.H. Pilkey, and W.J. Neal, 1983. Living with the Texas Shore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 190 pages.

===SELECTED ARTICLES===

  • Neal, W.J., O.H. Pilkey, J.A.G. Cooper, and N.J. Longo, 2017. "Why Coastal Regulations Fail." Ocean & Coastal Management. xxx: 1-14.
  • Pilkey, O.H., and J.A.G. Cooper, 2014. "Are Natural Beaches Facing Extinction?" In: Green, A.N. and J.A.G. Cooper (eds.), Proceedings 13th International Coastal Symposium (Durban, South Africa). Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue No. 70, pp. 431–436. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
  • Glass, A., and O.H. Pilkey, March 2013. "Denying Sea-Level Rise. How 100 Centimeters Divided the State of North Carolina." American Geosciences Institute. EARTH Magazine, pp. 26–33.
  • Pilkey, O.H., R. Young, and J.A.G. Cooper, 2013. "Quantitative modeling of coastal processes. A boom or a bust for society?" In Baker, V.R. (ed.), Rethinking the Fabric of Geology (125th Anniversary Volume). Geological Society of America Special Paper 502, pp. 135–144.
  • Pilkey, O.H., Jan. 2012. "What Do You Do When the Models Get It Wrong?" American Geosciences Institute. EARTH Magazine, p. 70.
  • Pilkey, O.H., R. Young, A. Coburn, and N.J. Longo. 2012. "Rethinking Living Shorelines." [24]
  • Stutz, M.L., and O.H. Pilkey. 2011. "Open-ocean Barrier Islands: Global Influence of Climatic, Oceanographic, and Depositional Settings." Journal of Coastal Research 27(2):207–222.
  • Pilkey, O.H., J.A.G. Cooper, and D.A. Lewis. 2009. "Global distribution and geomorphology of fetch-limited barrier islands." Journal of Coastal Research 25(4):819–837.
  • Thieler, E.R., et al. 2000. "The Use of Mathematical Models to Predict Beach Behavior for U.S. Coastal Engineering: A Critical Review." Journal of Coastal Research 16(1):48-70.

==DOCUMENTARIES/VIDEOS==

  • Sand Wars (2013): Documentary film based on the mining of sand from beaches; produced by Guillaume Rappeneau and directed by Denis Delestrac.[25]
  • Shored Up (2013): Documentary film regarding climate change, beaches, and their relationships; produced and directed by Ben Kalina.[26]
  • Dynamic Shorelines (2009): (7:30) Part of Physical Geology online (distance learning course), produced by Dallas TeleLearning, Dallas County Community College District (Texas). Lynn Millwood, Ph.D. (editor), Craig Mayes (Executive Producer).
  • Living on the Edge (1996): 1-hour production by Environmental Media, Inc.
  • The Beaches Are Moving (1992): 1 hour North Carolina PBS production, produced by Michael Sheehan.

References[edit]

External links[edit]