Once important in western herbal medicine, it is now used mainly as a fixative and base note in perfumery; it is the most widely used fixative for potpourri. Orris is also an ingredient in many brands of gin, including Bombay Sapphire.
Fabienne Pavia, in her book L'univers des Parfums (1995, ed. Solar), states that in the manufacturing of perfumes using orris, the scent of the iris root differs from that of the flower. After preparation the scent is reminiscent of the smell of violets.
In Japan, the roots and leaves of the plant were hung in the eaves of a house to protect the house and occupants from attacks by evil spirits. Other magic uses include using it as a "love potion", with the root powder in sachets, or sprinkled around the house or sheets of a bedroom.
After an initial drying period, which can take five years or more depending on the use (for potpourri only two to three months), the root is ground. For potpourri, this powder is used without further processing. For other uses, it is dissolved in water and then distilled. It achieves a highly scented, yellow-brown crystalline form. One ton of iris root produces two kilos of essential oil, also referred to as orris root butter or butter of iris, making it a highly prized substance. Its fragrance has been described as tenaciously flowery, heavy and woody (paraphrasing Pavia, Dutch translation, page 40). It is similar to violets.
Typical iris perfumes (where orris prevails over the other components) include "Orris Noir" by the London-based perfume house Ormonde Jayne Perfumery, "Infusion d'iris" (Prada), "N°15" by Auphorie, "Iris Silver Mist" (Serge Lutens), "Tumulte" (Christian Lacroix), "Aqua di Parma" and "Iris nobile" (Aqua di Parma), "Irisia" (Creed), "Y" (Yves Saint Laurent), "Vol de nuit" (Guerlain), and "Fantasy The Naughty Remix" (Britney Spears). "Orris Noir" contains regular orris root oil, not the oil of Iris nigricans, which is an endangered species.
- Cunningham, Scott (1999). Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs. Llewellyn. p. 168.
- Margaret Grieve A Modern Herbal, Volume 2 (1971), p. 435, at Google Books
- Boland, Maureen; Boland, Bridget (1981). Old Wives Lore for Gardeners incorporating Gardener's Magic. Futura. p. 118.
- T. K. Lim Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 11 Modified Stems, Roots, Bulbs , p. 27, at Google Books
- "Bombay Sapphire Distillery (Laverstoke Mill) – Orris root". www.diffordsguide.com. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
- John Charles Sawer Odorographia a natural history of raw materials and drugs used in the perfume industry intended to serve growers, manufacturers and consumers, p. 108, at Google Books
- "Orris Noir Perfume Collection". Ormonde Jayne. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
- "N°15". Auphorie. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
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